The Mammal Anatomy: External Details ClipArt gallery provides 63 illustrations of external details of various species of mammals.

"A small kidney shaped, pendulous bag of the size of a hen's egg, situated below the abdomen and peculiar to the male. It is brown and unctuous, and may be pressed out through two apertures. It is the strongest and most pungent of perfumes; the mere skin of the animal is sufficient to fill the place where it has been kept with a strong odor for a long time.In medicine it is used as an antispammodic. " — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Musk bag

"A small kidney shaped, pendulous bag of the size of a hen's egg, situated below the abdomen and peculiar…

"Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the fore-limb peculiarly modified so as to serve for flight, and constituting the order Cheiroptera." -Vaughan, 1906

Bat Head

"Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the fore-limb peculiarly modified so as…

The head of the chin leafed bat. "Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the fore-limb peculiarly modified so as to serve for flight, and constituting the order Cheiroptera." -Vaughan, 1906

Chin Leafed Bat Head

The head of the chin leafed bat. "Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the fore-limb…

The head of the flower-nosed bat. "Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the fore-limb peculiarly modified so as to serve for flight, and constituting the order Cheiroptera." -Vaughan, 1906

Flower-Nosed Bat Head

The head of the flower-nosed bat. "Bat, one of the group of wing-handed, flying mammals, having the…

The head of the Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus). Also known as the big-lipped bat, it is in the Pteropodidae family of megabats.

Hammer-Headed Bat Head

The head of the Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus). Also known as the big-lipped bat, it is…

There are two types of classification, homology and analogy. Homology is the fundamental identity of structure, as distinguished from analogy, which incidental resemblance in form or function. Bat wing showing homolog and analogy.

Bat Wing

There are two types of classification, homology and analogy. Homology is the fundamental identity of…

The Big Free-tailed Bat (Nyctinomops macrotis) is a bat species found in South, North and Central America.

Head of Free-tailed Bat

The Big Free-tailed Bat (Nyctinomops macrotis) is a bat species found in South, North and Central America.

Epomophorus franqueti. Males have two large pharyngeal sacs and an enlarged larynx that enables them to make a high-pitched sound.

Head and Neck of Singing Fruit Bat

Epomophorus franqueti. Males have two large pharyngeal sacs and an enlarged larynx that enables them…

The claws of a brown bear.

Bear

The claws of a brown bear.

Retracted cat's claw.

Cat Claw

Retracted cat's claw.

Protruded cat's claw.

Cat Claw

Protruded cat's claw.

The eye of a cat in its contracted state.

Contracted Cat Eye

The eye of a cat in its contracted state.

The eye of a cat in its dilated state.

Dilated Cat Eye

The eye of a cat in its dilated state.

The paw of a cat.

Cat's Paw

The paw of a cat.

"Head of Centurio Senex." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Centurio Senex

"Head of Centurio Senex." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Chaeronycteris Mexicana, showing fibrillated tongue." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Chaeronycteris Mexicana

"Head of Chaeronycteris Mexicana, showing fibrillated tongue." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Illustration showing the hand and food of a chimpanzee.

Chimpanzee Hands

Illustration showing the hand and food of a chimpanzee.

A detailed drawing of a lion's retractile claw.

Claw

A detailed drawing of a lion's retractile claw.

An odd-toed foot of Zebra.

Ungulate Feet

An odd-toed foot of Zebra.

An even-toed foot of Llama.

Ungulate Feet

An even-toed foot of Llama.

An even-toed foot of the Antelope.

Ungulate Feet

An even-toed foot of the Antelope.

An odd-toed foot of the Rhinoceros.

Ungulate Feet

An odd-toed foot of the Rhinoceros.

An extreme form of a compressed foot, typically seen in the deer and ox. It is useful for land transit.

Compressed Foot

An extreme form of a compressed foot, typically seen in the deer and ox. It is useful for land transit.

An extreme form of the expanded foot, which is adapted for swimming.

Expanded Foot

An extreme form of the expanded foot, which is adapted for swimming.

The foot of an otter, which is serviceable in and out of the water.

Otter Foot

The foot of an otter, which is serviceable in and out of the water.

Galeopithecus is the generic name of certain mammals from the Malayan region, commonly (incorrectly) referred to as flying lemurs. The two species of Galeopithecus are now placed in a sub-order of Insectivora, and regarded as the vegetarian analogues of the insect-eating bats. The common species, G. volans, is about the size of a cat and has a flying-membrane.

The teeth are remarkable, the lower incisors being comb-like, while the upper outer incisor at each side has two roots. Galeopithecus primarily inhabit forests. They feed upon leaves, fruit, eggs, insects, and even small birds. They are nocturnal. Though incapable of true flight, they can take long, flying leaps.

Galeopithecus

Galeopithecus is the generic name of certain mammals from the Malayan region, commonly (incorrectly)…

"Under Side of Head of Geomys bursarius, showing entrance of external cheek-pouches and sulcate superior incisors." -Whitney, 1911

Plains Pocket Gopher

"Under Side of Head of Geomys bursarius, showing entrance of external cheek-pouches and sulcate superior…

The Great Dane is a dog which has at different times been called the 'boar-hound', the 'German Mastiff', and the 'Ulmer dog'. It first began to attract attention about 1870. The grand figure, the bold outlook, and the commanding appearance of the type commended it to certain enthusiasts; and when it was found to be faithful, and intelligent, and of unfailing courage, it soon came into favor. The latest development of the breed is a harlequin-colored or black and white dog, sometimes with a wall eye and mottled nose. The Great Dane stands 34 in. high, and weighs as much as 180 lbs.; though the bitch is considerably smaller and lighter.

Great Dane

The Great Dane is a dog which has at different times been called the 'boar-hound', the 'German Mastiff',…

The Greyhound as a show dog is judged as follows: height and weight, ranging from 23 to 27 in. and from 40 to 70 lbs.; skull rather wide between the ears and flat on the top, with powerful, though not clumsy, jaws, and very strong teeth; eyes dark in color, and full of fire; ears rather small, and fine in texture; neck long and powerful (to enable it to reach the hare) yet graceful looking; chest of fair width, and very deep; body rather long, extremely powerful, especially at the loins, and slightly arched -- the back ribs being short, make the body appear tucked up; shoulders sloping; fore legs set in well under the dog, straight and powerful, with round, compact feet, the knuckles of the toes being well developed; hind quarters very powerful, with muscular thighs and well-bent stifles; tail long, and carried low; colors black, red, fawn, brindled, blue, white, either whole-colored or marked.

Greyhound

The Greyhound as a show dog is judged as follows: height and weight, ranging from 23 to 27 in. and from…

"Head of Harpyia Major." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Harpyia Major

"Head of Harpyia Major." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

This illustration shows a head of a Gems'bok. A Gems'bok (Oryx Gazella) is a species of South African antelope. It is a heavy, stout animal, about the size of a stag, with rough, reversed hair on the neck and along the ridge of the back; large pointed ears; and almost perfectly straight horns in the plane of the forehead, little diverging, and ringed for about half their length. These horns have been known to reach a length of 47 1/2 inches. The gems'bok was, at one point, close to extinction.

Head of Gems'bok

This illustration shows a head of a Gems'bok. A Gems'bok (Oryx Gazella) is a species of South African…

The head of the Antelope.

Antelope Head

The head of the Antelope.

The head of the Stag (Cervus elaphus).

Stag Head

The head of the Stag (Cervus elaphus).

The head of the two-horned Rhinoceros.

Ungulate Head

The head of the two-horned Rhinoceros.

Detached hoof- supero-lateral view. Labels: a, crust or outer layer of the wall; b, horny laminae; c, superior border; d, cutigeral groove; e, inner surface of sole; f, inner surface of frog; f', frog-stay.

Hoof of a Horse

Detached hoof- supero-lateral view. Labels: a, crust or outer layer of the wall; b, horny laminae; c,…

Solar aspect of the hoof. Labels: a, bars; b, solar border of wall; c, line of union between wall and sole; d, inferior aspect of sole; d', d, posterior branches of sole; e, cleft of the frog; f, bulbs of the frog; g, point of the frog.

Hoof of a Horse

Solar aspect of the hoof. Labels: a, bars; b, solar border of wall; c, line of union between wall and…

The anatomy of a horse.  1, ears; 2, forelock; 3, forehead; 4, eyes; 5, eye-pits; 6, nose; 7, nostril; 8, point of nose; 9, lips; 10, nether jaw; 11, cheek; 12, poll; 13, mane; 14, withers; 15, parotid glands; 16, throat; 17, neck; 18, jugular vein; 19, shoulder; 20, breast; 21, ribs; 22, back; 23, loins; 24, hip; 25, flank; 26, belly; 27, haunch; 28, thigh; 29, buttock; 30, stifle; 31, leg; 32, tail; 33, hock or hough; 34, cannon or shank bone; 35, arms; 36, knees; 37, passage for girth; 38, elbow; 39, shank; 40, bullet; 41, pasterns; 42, coronet; 43, foot; 44, hoof; 45, fetlock.

Horse

The anatomy of a horse. 1, ears; 2, forelock; 3, forehead; 4, eyes; 5, eye-pits; 6, nose; 7, nostril;…

View of a healthy foot. Key: A) frog, D) sole, E) bars

Horse's foot

View of a healthy foot. Key: A) frog, D) sole, E) bars

The hoof of a horse.

Horse's Hoof

The hoof of a horse.

Claws of a great gray kangaroo.

Kangaroo

Claws of a great gray kangaroo.

A lion's right fore paw with the claws lifted and sheathed in the skin.

Lion's Claw

A lion's right fore paw with the claws lifted and sheathed in the skin.

The long hair on the neck of horses, lions, etc.

Mane

The long hair on the neck of horses, lions, etc.

The larger fore-foot of a common mole, showing five claws.

Fore-Foot of the Mole

The larger fore-foot of a common mole, showing five claws.

The smaller hind-foot of a common mole, showing five claws.

Hind-Foot of a Mole

The smaller hind-foot of a common mole, showing five claws.

"Head of Molossus glaucinus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Molossus Glaucinus

"Head of Molossus glaucinus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Molossus Glaucinus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Molossus Glaucinus

"Head of Molossus Glaucinus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Mormops Blainrillii." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Mormops Blainrillii

"Head of Mormops Blainrillii." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Natalus Unicropus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Natalus Unicropus

"Head of Natalus Unicropus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Phyllorhina Calcarata." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Phyllorhina Calcarata

"Head of Phyllorhina Calcarata." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Phyllostoma Elongatum." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Phyllostoma Elongatum

"Head of Phyllostoma Elongatum." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Rhinolophus Mitratus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Rhinolophus Mitratus

"Head of Rhinolophus Mitratus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

"Head of Scotophilus Emarginatus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Scotophilus Emarginatus

"Head of Scotophilus Emarginatus." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

The claws of a seal's left hind foot.

Seal

The claws of a seal's left hind foot.

"Foot of the seal, which opens and closes in the act of natation, the organ being folded upon itself during the non-effective or return stroke, and expanded during the effective or forward stroke. Due advantage is taken of this arrangement by the seal when swimming, the animal rotating on its long axis, so as to present the lower portion of the body and the feet obliquely to the water during the return stroke, and the flat, or the greatest available surface of both, during the effective or forward stroke."—Pettigrew, 1874

Foot of Seal

"Foot of the seal, which opens and closes in the act of natation, the organ being folded upon itself…

The foot of a tiger with a sheathed claw.

Sheathed Tiger Foot

The foot of a tiger with a sheathed claw.

An illustration of the tail of a horse.

Horse Tail

An illustration of the tail of a horse.

"Felidæ or Felinæ is the cat tribe, a family of carnivorous quadrupeds, including the domestic cat, lions, tigers, panthers, leopards, and lynxes. The felidæ are found in all parts of the world except Australia. "—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Tiger Paw

"Felidæ or Felinæ is the cat tribe, a family of carnivorous quadrupeds, including the domestic…

Paw of a tiger.

Tiger Paw

Paw of a tiger.

The foot of a tiger.

Tiger's Foot

The foot of a tiger.

The foot of a tiger.

Tiger's Foot

The foot of a tiger.