"The body is five feet long, and height three feet. The general color is gray-ish-white, though the head and neck are of a reddish-brown." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Addax

"The body is five feet long, and height three feet. The general color is gray-ish-white, though the…

An illustration of farm animals, including two horses, three pigs, and a cow.

Farm Animals in Corral

An illustration of farm animals, including two horses, three pigs, and a cow.

"Its length is four feet; its height two and a half; the legs are long and delicate; the body round, but light and well formed; the head small; the eyes large, lively, and expressive; the ears long, cylindrical, and in continual motion; and the horns forming a complete spiral of two or three turns, wrinkled at the base, distinctly annulated in the middle, and smooth for a couple of inches next the points." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Common Antelope

"Its length is four feet; its height two and a half; the legs are long and delicate; the body round,…

"About the size of a common deer, of a reddish-fawn color, but marked with white stripes along the back and sides, and with white spots on the haunches. These markings are prominent in both sexes; and as they resemble a hardness, the species has been called the <em> Hardnessed Antilope</em>." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Guib Antelope

"About the size of a common deer, of a reddish-fawn color, but marked with white stripes along the back…

Aqueduct through a wooded area.

Aqueduct Near the Battle-Field of Chapultepec

Aqueduct through a wooded area.

A wild buffalo.

Arna

A wild buffalo.

"The European species of the bison. Has a very broad head and arched forehead; the eyes large and dark; the hair on the forehead is long and wavy, and under the chin and breasts forms a kind of beard. In the winter, the whole of the neck, hump, and shoulders are covered with long dusky-brown hair, intermingled with a soft fur." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Aurochs

"The European species of the bison. Has a very broad head and arched forehead; the eyes large and dark;…

A barn used for beef cattle.

Barn

A barn used for beef cattle.

A side view of a barn used for beef cattle.

Cattle Barn

A side view of a barn used for beef cattle.

A barn used to house horses and cattle.

Cattle and Horse Barn

A barn used to house horses and cattle.

"The head is very large and carried low; the eyes are small, black, and piercing; the horns are short, small, sharp, set far apart, and directed outward and backward, so as to be erect, with a slight curve toward the outward pointing tips." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

American Bison

"The head is very large and carried low; the eyes are small, black, and piercing; the horns are short,…

"Is six feet long, three feet seven inches high, has round horns curved backward, and is of a blu-ish black color, whence its name, which signifies <em>Blue Buck</em>." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Blauw-Boc

"Is six feet long, three feet seven inches high, has round horns curved backward, and is of a blu-ish…

The common American Buffalo.

American Buffalo

The common American Buffalo.

"The tame buffalo is trained to domestic uses, especially for draught, and is commonly employed for this purpose. Its milk is little used and its flesh is rank." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Tame Buffalo

"The tame buffalo is trained to domestic uses, especially for draught, and is commonly employed for…

An illustration of a bull.

Bull

An illustration of a bull.

An illustration of a bull.

Bull

An illustration of a bull.

A rare breed of cattle that live in a large enclosed part at Chillingham Castle in England.

Chillingham Bull

A rare breed of cattle that live in a large enclosed part at Chillingham Castle in England.

An illustration of a Devon bull.

Devon Bull

An illustration of a Devon bull.

A widely-used breed of cattle for beef production.

Hereford Bull

A widely-used breed of cattle for beef production.

An illustration of a five year old short horn bull.

Short horn bull

An illustration of a five year old short horn bull.

Uncastrated male cattle that is raised for beef.

Short-Horned Bull

Uncastrated male cattle that is raised for beef.

Cattle pictured standing and laying on the ground.

Cattle

Cattle pictured standing and laying on the ground.

Cattle grazing on a plain.

Cattle

Cattle grazing on a plain.

"Cattle doctors are exhibited performing operations upon sick oxen, bulls, deer, goats, and even geese." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian cattle doctors

"Cattle doctors are exhibited performing operations upon sick oxen, bulls, deer, goats, and even geese."…

A common cow standing in a field.

Domestic Cattle

A common cow standing in a field.

A Durham cow standing in a field.

Durham Cattle

A Durham cow standing in a field.

"The hereford breed are of a medium or dark red color, with white faces and sometimes white on the throat, back and bellies. They mature early, are not excelled for grazing, and make beef of the best quality." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Hereford Cattle

"The hereford breed are of a medium or dark red color, with white faces and sometimes white on the throat,…

"They are hardly breed and large feeders. Holesteins are remarkable rather for the quantity of their milk product than its richness, and, like the Ayrshires, they have been thought better adapted to the manufacture of cheese than butter." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Holstein Cattle

"They are hardly breed and large feeders. Holesteins are remarkable rather for the quantity of their…

"The Jersey cattle has a small deer-like head, muzzle fine and dark and encircled by a light color, horns small, crumpled, and of amber color, chest broad and deep, back straight, tail fine, udder full in form, well up behind and running well forward, milk veins prominent, escutcheon or milk mirror high and broad and full on thighs." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Jersey Cattle

"The Jersey cattle has a small deer-like head, muzzle fine and dark and encircled by a light color,…

"The head is small and finely formed, the eye bright and clear, the horn light in substance and waxy in color; the chest dep, broad, and full, the brisket set prominently forward, the crops or spaces behind the shoulders full, hips wide, lions broad, the hair soft, the skin mellow and elastic; the colors full red, full white, or any combination of these." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Short Horn Cattle

"The head is small and finely formed, the eye bright and clear, the horn light in substance and waxy…

"The horns are six or seven inches long, the body about three feet three inches, and the height at the shoulders about two feet. The whole body covered with long hair, hanging down over the sides, of a deep brown color in winter and brownish-fawn color in summer, being in spring slightly mixed with gray; head is of a pale yellow or straw color, with dark band son each side, passing from the root of the ears to the corners of the mouth, and encircling the eyes and base of the horns." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Chamois

"The horns are six or seven inches long, the body about three feet three inches, and the height at the…

This is an illustration of Daphnis and Chloe, characters in a Greek novel by artist C.H. Shannon. The drawing seems to show one of the characters playing a musical instrument amongst cattle.

Daphnis and Chloe

This is an illustration of Daphnis and Chloe, characters in a Greek novel by artist C.H. Shannon. The…

An illustration of a young cow eating hay out of a trough and a dog peeking around the corner.

Cow Eating Hay in Barn

An illustration of a young cow eating hay out of a trough and a dog peeking around the corner.

An illustration of a female cow with horns.

Female Cow with Horns

An illustration of a female cow with horns.

A Galloway cow standing in a field.

Galloway Cow

A Galloway cow standing in a field.

A breed of cattle used primarily for beef.

Hereford Cow

A breed of cattle used primarily for beef.

A breed of cattle that is commonly known as the world's highest production dairy animal.

Holstein Cow

A breed of cattle that is commonly known as the world's highest production dairy animal.

A small breed of dairy cattle.

Jersey Cow

A small breed of dairy cattle.

A Kerry cow standing in a field.

Kerry Cow

A Kerry cow standing in a field.

Female cattle that is raised for milk and beef.

Short-Horned Cow

Female cattle that is raised for milk and beef.

"Is of a pale brown color, lives in small herds on the Gambia, and resembles the gazelles." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Equitoon

"Is of a pale brown color, lives in small herds on the Gambia, and resembles the gazelles." —…

"Italian Farmers rejoicing after the harvest." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Italian Farmers

"Italian Farmers rejoicing after the harvest." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

A feeder of timothy hay. Some has been eaten by cows, indicating their preference for the type of hay.

Feeder

A feeder of timothy hay. Some has been eaten by cows, indicating their preference for the type of hay.

Farmers and soldiers having a foraging party during the Civil War.

Foraging Party

Farmers and soldiers having a foraging party during the Civil War.

The Gayal (Bibos frontalis) is a large gaur in the Bovidae family of cloven-hoofed mammals.

Gayal

The Gayal (Bibos frontalis) is a large gaur in the Bovidae family of cloven-hoofed mammals.

"Is one of the most celebrated of antilopes; it is about two feet high at the shoulder; its limbs are slender but vigorous, and all its actions are light and spirited. In full flight it lays the horns back nearly on the shoulders, and seems to skim over the level plain almost without touching it." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Ariel Gazelle

"Is one of the most celebrated of antilopes; it is about two feet high at the shoulder; its limbs are…

"Is one of the most celebrated of antilopes; it is about two feet high at the shoulder; its limbs are slender but vigorous, and all its actions are light and spirited. In full flight it lays the horns back nearly on the shoulders, and seems to skim over the level plain almost without touching it." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Female Gazelle

"Is one of the most celebrated of antilopes; it is about two feet high at the shoulder; its limbs are…

"It is a heavy stout animal, about five feet in length, and three feet two inches high at the shoulder; the length of the horns is from two feet to two and a half, that of the eas seven inches, and that of the tail thirteen or fourteen inches. The horns are almost perfectly straight, very little divergent, and situated in the plane of the forehead." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Gemsbok

"It is a heavy stout animal, about five feet in length, and three feet two inches high at the shoulder;…

"They inhabit most of the world, and live in the scanty herbage of rocky places, where no other domestic animal could find footing." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Common Goat

"They inhabit most of the world, and live in the scanty herbage of rocky places, where no other domestic…

"The most celebrated variety, however, is the Cashmere Goat, which produces the fine wool of which the famous Chasmere shawls are made." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Male Cashmere Goat

"The most celebrated variety, however, is the Cashmere Goat, which produces the fine wool of which the…

"Both male and female have small horns, and hair of a white color. They live in small flocks in the lofty heights of the great range from which they derive their name." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Rocky Mountain Goat

"Both male and female have small horns, and hair of a white color. They live in small flocks in the…

"Syrian goats are remarkable for their long, pendant ears, and fine, long hair, used for the manufacture of various fabrics." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Syrian Goat

"Syrian goats are remarkable for their long, pendant ears, and fine, long hair, used for the manufacture…

"Timothy Grass is a hard coarse grass with cylindrical spikes from 2 to 6 inches long. It is used mixed with other grasses for permanent pasture, and grows best in tenacious soils. It is extensively cultivated in North America. Timothy Hanson first recommended it, hence its name. Swine refuse it."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Timothy Grass

"Timothy Grass is a hard coarse grass with cylindrical spikes from 2 to 6 inches long. It is used mixed…

An illustration of a female cow also known as a heifer.

Heifer

An illustration of a female cow also known as a heifer.

An illustration of a five year old female cow also known as a heifer.

Heifer

An illustration of a five year old female cow also known as a heifer.

An illustration of a ten month old female cow also known as a heifer.

Heifer

An illustration of a ten month old female cow also known as a heifer.

An illustration of a cows horns.

Cow Horns

An illustration of a cows horns.

"All noted for their large horns bending over the back, their love of the wild, rocky heights of the mountainous regions, and the activity and daring with which they bound along the verges of the most lofty precipices." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Ibex

"All noted for their large horns bending over the back, their love of the wild, rocky heights of the…

"Similiar to the Ibex, but found only among the very highest peaks of the Spanish Pyrenees." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Pyrenees Ibex

"Similiar to the Ibex, but found only among the very highest peaks of the Spanish Pyrenees." —…

"Is of a deep reddish-fawn color; its lives in pairs or small families, frequenting the reedy borders of mountain streams. It is found in South Africa, but at some distance from the Cape." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Inghalla

"Is of a deep reddish-fawn color; its lives in pairs or small families, frequenting the reedy borders…