"The battering-ram, was used to batter down the walls of besieged cities. It consisted of a large beam, made of the trunk of a tree, especially of a fir or an ash. To one end was fastened a mass of bronze or iron, which resembled in its form the head of a ram. The upper figure in the annexed cut shows the aries in its simplest state, and as it was borne and impelled by human hands, without other assistance. In an improced form, the ram was surrounded with iron bands, to which rings were attached for the purpose of suspending it by ropes or chains from a beam fixed transversel over it. " — Smith, 1873

Aries

"The battering-ram, was used to batter down the walls of besieged cities. It consisted of a large beam,…

"The Battering Ram is an ancient military contrivance used for battering down walls. It consisted of a pole or beam of wood, sometimes as much as 80, 100, or even 120 feet in length."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Battering Ram

"The Battering Ram is an ancient military contrivance used for battering down walls. It consisted of…

A Galley is a low, flat-built vessel furnished with one deck.It was primarily employed by the Romans, Genoese, Pisans, and Venetians.

The Venetian galley was generally three-masted, and was usually around 160 feet long, 32 feet broad, and supplied with sixty-four oars, to each of which were chained six or seven slaves. Such galleys were equipped with powerful rams used for boarding and sinking enemy ships. Criminals in France and elsewhere were frequently condemned to serve at the oars in these craft. In modern speech, the term "galley" refers the common kitchen of a ship.

Galley (ship)

A Galley is a low, flat-built vessel furnished with one deck.It was primarily employed by the Romans,…

A boy clinging frantically to the top of a post to avoid a couple of goats.

Goat Attack

A boy clinging frantically to the top of a post to avoid a couple of goats.

This Ram head is found at a Roman altar.

Ram Head

This Ram head is found at a Roman altar.

Ram Head.

Ram Head

Ram Head.

Ram Head.

Ram Head

Ram Head.

This is the front and side view of a Ram head that dates back to the Late Renaissance.

Ram Head

This is the front and side view of a Ram head that dates back to the Late Renaissance.

Machine for raising water, and depending for its action on the impulse of flowing water.

Hydraulic Ram

Machine for raising water, and depending for its action on the impulse of flowing water.

"The Hydraulic Ram is a machine for raising water, and depending for its action on the impulse of flowing water. The water falling from a reservoir passes into a pipe or chamber <em>(b)</em>, at the end of which there is a ball valve <em>(c)</em>. The rush of supply water at first closes this, and the water finding no exit there acquires pressure enough to open another valve <em>(d)</em> and pass into an air-vessel placed over it <em>(f)</em>. The cessation of pressure at valve <em>c</em> allows it to fall again; an outrush of water takes place there, relieving valve <em>d</em>, which again closes. The pressure of the flowing water upon valve <em>c</em> once more closes this valve, and valve <em>d</em> again opens, and an additional quantity of water is forced into the air-vessel; and so on by a series of pulsations which send the water along the service pipe, and, in properly arranged machines, raise it to a very considerable height, although the impulse is dervied only from the fall of a few feet."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Hydraulic Ram

"The Hydraulic Ram is a machine for raising water, and depending for its action on the impulse of flowing…

"Pumps water in bursts. Water enters pipe B and is forced into D then up the tube F. Any excess water in tube B exits through E." &mdash;Quackenbos 1859

Hydraulic Ram

"Pumps water in bursts. Water enters pipe B and is forced into D then up the tube F. Any excess water…

An Ibex, sitting down.

Ibex

An Ibex, sitting down.

"Mercury carrying a Ram. By Calamis. At Wilton House." &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

Mercury carrying a Ram

"Mercury carrying a Ram. By Calamis. At Wilton House." —D'Anvers, 1895

"The animals of this genus are distinguished by short tails, rogh hair; and enormous horns; they live on the mountains, and though their numbers are small, they are found widely in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Mouflon

"The animals of this genus are distinguished by short tails, rogh hair; and enormous horns; they live…

Cut from an ancient stone, the ram and goat with one horn are symbols for Persia and Macedonia, respectively.  This engraving may have been done during the time of Alexander the Great.

Persia and Macedonia

Cut from an ancient stone, the ram and goat with one horn are symbols for Persia and Macedonia, respectively.…

"When Phryxsus arrived in Colchis, he sacrificed his winger ram to Jupiter, in acknowledgement of the divine protection, and deposited its golden fleece in the same diety's temple."

Phryxsus and ram

"When Phryxsus arrived in Colchis, he sacrificed his winger ram to Jupiter, in acknowledgement of the…

"The battering ram was a large beam, made of the trunk of a tree, and having a mass of bronze or iron fastened to one end, and resembling a ram's head. This shape, as well as its name, was given to the engine in question, on account of the resemblence of its mode of action to that of a ram butting with its forehead. In an improved form, the ram was surrounded with iron bands, to which rings were attached for the purpose of suspending it by ropes or chains to a beam fixed transversely over it. See the lower figure." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Battering ram

"The battering ram was a large beam, made of the trunk of a tree, and having a mass of bronze or iron…

"Head of ram, from the monument to Abbot Ramryge."&mdash;Aveling, 1891

Head of Ram

"Head of ram, from the monument to Abbot Ramryge."—Aveling, 1891

Bellin the ram traveling back to the king after Reynard the Fox sent him away.

Reynard the Fox: Bellin the Ram

Bellin the ram traveling back to the king after Reynard the Fox sent him away.

Lion the king, Kyward the hare, and Bellin the ram set Reynard the Fox off on his pilgrimage with the bear's skin as his mail and the wolves' shoes as his own.

Reynard the Fox: Reynard's Pilgrimage

Lion the king, Kyward the hare, and Bellin the ram set Reynard the Fox off on his pilgrimage with the…

Reynard the Fox faces Lion, the King and his Queen in a court of animals, all testifying against him because of his many acts of deceit.

Reynard the Fox: The Court of King Noble

Reynard the Fox faces Lion, the King and his Queen in a court of animals, all testifying against him…

A sheep, the head of the herd.

Sheep

A sheep, the head of the herd.

Dorset-horn ram, popular in areas where winter lambs are produced. It is claimed that a large proportion of its lambs will be early enough for the winter market.

Dorset-Horn Ram

Dorset-horn ram, popular in areas where winter lambs are produced. It is claimed that a large proportion…

A sheep with a long, broad tail.

Broad Tailed Sheep

A sheep with a long, broad tail.

"The Leicesters are the most important sheep to the country. They are more widely diffused in the kingdom than any of their congeners. Although, from the altered taste of the community, their mutton is less esteemed than formerly, they still constitute the staple breed of the midland counties of England. Leicester rams are also more in demand then ever for crossing with other breeds." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Leicester Ewe

"The Leicesters are the most important sheep to the country. They are more widely diffused in the kingdom…

A popular sheep bred for its wool.

French Sheep

A popular sheep bred for its wool.

"Has drooping ears, a convex forehead, short hair, a brisket and dewlap like those of an ox, and two lobes consisting of hard, curdy fat beneath the throat, appearing like goitres." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Goitred Sheep

"Has drooping ears, a convex forehead, short hair, a brisket and dewlap like those of an ox, and two…

"The Leicesters are the most important sheep to the country. They are more widely diffused in the kingdom than any of their congeners. Although, from the altered taste of the community, their mutton is less esteemed than formerly, they still constitute the staple breed of the midland counties of England. Leicester rams are also more in demand then ever for crossing with other breeds." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Leicester Ram

"The Leicesters are the most important sheep to the country. They are more widely diffused in the kingdom…

A popular sheep bred for its wool.

Merino Sheep

A popular sheep bred for its wool.

An illustration of a ten month old Merino ram.

Merino Ram

An illustration of a ten month old Merino ram.

An illustration of a Merino ram.

Merino Ram

An illustration of a Merino ram.

An illustration of a Spanish merino ram.

Spanish Merino Ram

An illustration of a Spanish merino ram.

An illustration of a Spanish merino ram.

Spanish Merino Ram

An illustration of a Spanish merino ram.

An illustration of a Texel or Mounton flandrin ram.

Mountoin Flandrin Ram

An illustration of a Texel or Mounton flandrin ram.

An illustration of a Paular ram.

Paular Ram

An illustration of a Paular ram.

Sheep are raised for their wool.

Ram

Sheep are raised for their wool.

The male of the sheep and allied animals.

Ram

The male of the sheep and allied animals.

"A distinct long woolled breed. They have been much modified by a large infusion of Leicester blood; but as their distinctive qualities fit them well for a bleak and humid habitat, there is now an aversion to risk these by further crossing." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Romney Marsh Breed

"A distinct long woolled breed. They have been much modified by a large infusion of Leicester blood;…

Shropshire ram. This breed of hornless sheep is noted for its high quality meat.

Shropshire Ram

Shropshire ram. This breed of hornless sheep is noted for its high quality meat.

A sheep with spiral, long horns and long wool.

Wallachian Sheep

A sheep with spiral, long horns and long wool.

This Crouching Ram Head Sphinx has a head of a ram and the body of a lion. An Egyptian invention, it was used as a guardian of temples and tombs.

Crouching Ram Head Sphinx

This Crouching Ram Head Sphinx has a head of a ram and the body of a lion. An Egyptian invention, it…

The suovetaurilia was a sacred Roman sacrifice of a pig, a ram, and a bull to Mars, the god of war to purify the land.

Suovetaurilia

The suovetaurilia was a sacred Roman sacrifice of a pig, a ram, and a bull to Mars, the god of war to…

"Invented by Montgolfier in 1796, this only allows water to pass when the current is steady, or still, and closes when there are spurts." -Comstock 1850

Water Ram

"Invented by Montgolfier in 1796, this only allows water to pass when the current is steady, or still,…