Raphael Semmes (September 27, 1809 – August 30, 1877) was an officer in the United States Navy from 1826 to 1860 and the Confederate States Navy from 1860 to 1865.
Benson John Lossing, ed. Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (vol. 8) (New York, NY: Harper and Brothers, 1912)
Courtesy the private collection of Roy Winkelman