Württemberg, was originally called Wirtemberg, is an area and a former state in Swabia, an area in southwestern Germany. The Kingdom of Württemberg was a prosperous agricultural state. Rich meadowlands, cornfields, orchards, gardens, and hills covered with vines. The chief agricultural products were oats, spelt, rye, wheat, barley, and hops with a long history of producing red wines. The wines were different varieties than other German wine regions.
DeColange, Leo The Heart of Europe from the Rhine to the Danube (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, Publishers, 1883)