The Wilhelma was originally a royal palace, mimicking Moorish architecture. After the second world war, a zoo and botanical gardens. It is Europe's only large combined zoological and botanical garden and is home to over 8,000 animals from over 1,000 different species and countless exotic plants from over 5,000 different species. The zoo is famous for keeping all four kinds of great apes, all in families with offspring, as well as for its aquarium featuring animals and plants from all over the world. The botanical gardens are renowned for containing Europe's biggest magnolia grove. It is also the home of the polar bear Wilbaer, who was born in captivity at the zoo in December of 2007.
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DeColange, Leo The Heart of Europe from the Rhine to the Danube (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, Publishers, 1883)