Ramparts of Ulm
Ramparts or limes, defensive walls or fortifications constructed for defense of ancient cities or settlement from aggressors. Some constructed as early as the 1st century A.D. when the Romans conquered the land and defended their position there by constructing a rampart (limes). A limes (or the Limes Romanus) was a border defense of Ancient Rome. It marked the boundaries of the Roman Empire. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls.
ancient defenses, Ancient Rome, city walls, defense border, defense borders, defense walls, defensive walls, fortiications, limes, Limes Romanus, Rampart, ramparts, Roman defense, Roman defense border, Roman defense rampart, Roman limes, town walls
DeColange, Leo The Heart of Europe from the Rhine to the Danube (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, Publishers, 1883)
Courtesy the private collection of Roy Winkelman