Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and from 1 May 1876 the first Empress of India of the British Raj until her death. Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and seven months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or (as of 2009) since. The period centered on her reign is known as the Victorian era, a time of industrial, political, and military progress within the United Kingdom.
P. V. N. Myers A General History for Colleges and High Schools (Boston, MA: Ginn & Company, 1896)
Courtesy the private collection of Roy Winkelman