Alcedo Ispida. European Kingfisher. Small bird, upper parts blue-green; under parts orange; rump and back azure-blue head large; rufous patch on ear; stripe on neck blue-green; bill long and black with some red at base; short tail.
Elliot Coues Key to North American Birds (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, 1884)
Courtesy the private collection of Roy Winkelman