132 illustrations of birds including: hammer, harpy, harrier, hawk, heron, hoopoe, house-martin, humming bird, ibijau, ibis, and indigo bird

Hamburgs are considered to be excellent egg producers. They are small in size and are capable of flight.

Pair of Silver-Spangled Hamburgs

Hamburgs are considered to be excellent egg producers. They are small in size and are capable of flight.

"Scopus umbretta, the Hammerhead, of Madagascar and a large part of the Ethiopian Range, is purplish-brown, with black tail-bars, wider towards the tip; the head exhibits a thick erectile crest, generally carried horizontally; the bill is black and the feet are brownish." A. H. Evans, 1900

Hammerhead Standing Near Water

"Scopus umbretta, the Hammerhead, of Madagascar and a large part of the Ethiopian Range, is purplish-brown,…

The Hammerkop (Scopus umbretta) is a wading bird in the Scopidae family named for the shape of its crest and beak.

Hammerkop

The Hammerkop (Scopus umbretta) is a wading bird in the Scopidae family named for the shape of its crest…

"The Harpy or Crested Eagle is the model species of the genus to which it belongs. It measures nearly five feet from the extremity of the head to that of the tail."

Harpy-Eagle (Harpyia Destructor)

"The Harpy or Crested Eagle is the model species of the genus to which it belongs. It measures nearly…

Hawks have strong talons, curved bills and keen eyesight.

Harrier

Hawks have strong talons, curved bills and keen eyesight.

"Circinae. Harriers. Face surrounded with an incomplete ruff (as in most owls); orifice of ear about as large as the eye, and in some cases at least with a decided conch (in this picture). Bill rather weak, not toothed or notched. Bill thickly beset with many curved radiating bristles surpassing in length the cere, which is large and tumid; tomia lobed or festooned, but neither toothed nor notched. Nostrils ovate-oblong, nearly horizontal. Superciliary shield prominent. Tarsus long and slender, scutellate before and mostly so behind, reticulate laterally; toes slender, the middle with its claw much shorter than the tarsus; a basal web between the outer and middle; all tuberculate underneath; Claws very large and sharp, much curved. Wings very long and ample; 3d and 4th quills longest; 1st shorter than 6th; outer 3-5 (in our species 4) emarginate on inner webs; 2d-5th emarginate on outer webs. Tail very long, about 2/3rds as long as the wing, nearly even or rounded, the folded wings falling short of its end. " Elliot, Coues, 1884

Harrier Ear Parts

"Circinae. Harriers. Face surrounded with an incomplete ruff (as in most owls); orifice of ear about…

An illustration of a hawk swooping down to capture a baby chick.

Hawk Capturing a Chick

An illustration of a hawk swooping down to capture a baby chick.

Also known as the American harrier, the marsh hawk (<em>C. Hudsonius</em>) is nineteen to twenty-one inches long. It is of a pale gray color, the underside is white with small reddish spots.

American Marsh Hawk

Also known as the American harrier, the marsh hawk (C. Hudsonius) is nineteen to twenty-one…

The tarsus is bare below; the nostrils are linear and oblique; the lores are bare; the bill is slender and much hooked at the end; the tail rounded; and the wings short.

Cayenne Hawk

The tarsus is bare below; the nostrils are linear and oblique; the lores are bare; the bill is slender…

An illustration of a chanting hawk.

Chanting Hawk

An illustration of a chanting hawk.

The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known simply as the Peregrine, and historically as the "Duck Hawk" in North America, is a cosmopolitan bird of prey in the family Falconidae.

Duck Hawk

The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known simply as the Peregrine, and historically as the…

"Buteo vulgaris. hawk of Europe, Upper parts dark brown, very variable in shade according to season or wear of the feathers, varied with paler brown, or even reddish-brown edging of the feathers, but without the clear fawn color of the young; the feathers of the crown showing whitish when distributed, and usually sharp, dark shaft-lines; the upper tail-coverts chestnut and white, with blackish bars. Quills and tail-feathers as below, but the inner webs of the former showing more decided dark cross-bars upon a lighter marbled-whitish ground, and the latter having broader and sharper, dark wavy bars. These large quills, and particularly those of the tail, vary much in shade according to wear, the new feathers being strongly slate-colored, the old ones plain dark brown. The tail, however, never shows any trace often rich chestnut that obtains in the adult B borealis. Iris brown, never yellow; feet, cere, gape, and base of under mandible rich chrome-yellow; rest of bill and claws bluish-black." Elliot Coues, 1884

European Hawk

"Buteo vulgaris. hawk of Europe, Upper parts dark brown, very variable in shade according to season…

An illustration of a fish hawk.

Fish hawk

An illustration of a fish hawk.

Birds of prey usually have stout, hooked beaks and sharp, curved claws, fitting them for clutching and tearing their prey.

Marsh Hawk

Birds of prey usually have stout, hooked beaks and sharp, curved claws, fitting them for clutching and…

A bird of the harriers, having an incomplete facial disk and large ear pars, as in some owls, a week toothless bill, and lengthened wings, tail and legs.

Marsh Hawk

A bird of the harriers, having an incomplete facial disk and large ear pars, as in some owls, a week…

An illustration of a marsh hawk.

Marsh hawk

An illustration of a marsh hawk.

"Circus cyaneus hudsonius. American Marsh Hawk, Harrier. Blue hawk. Adult Male: In perfect plumage pale pearly-bluish, or bluish-ash, above, with the upper tail-coverts entirely pure white; but most specimens have a dusky wash obscuring the bluish, and retain traces of brown or rufous. Five outer primaries mostly blackish, all of them and the secondaries with large white basal areas on inner webs; tail-feathers banded with 5 or 6 obscure dusky bars, the terminal one strongest and most distinct, and marbled with white toward their bases. The bluish cast invades the fore under parts, the rest of which are white, with sparse drop-shaped rufous spots; lining of wings white. From this blue-and-white state the bird is found grading by degrees into the very different plumage of the female and young: Above, dark umber-brown, everywhere more or less varied with reddish-brown or yellowish-brown, the upper tail-coverts, however, white, forming a very conspicuous mark; under parts a variable shade of brownish-yellow, or ochraceous, streaked with umber-brown, at least on breast and sides; tail crossed with 6-7 blackish bars." Elliot Coues, 1884

Marsh Hawk

"Circus cyaneus hudsonius. American Marsh Hawk, Harrier. Blue hawk. Adult Male: In perfect plumage pale…

Found in America, Mexico and the West Indies, this species averages nine to ten inches in length and subsists mostly on a diet of insects.

Night Hawk

Found in America, Mexico and the West Indies, this species averages nine to ten inches in length and…

A bird found extensively in North America, belonging to the family of goatsuckers. It is a value for its destruction of large insects and beetles, upon which it feeds.

Night Hawk

A bird found extensively in North America, belonging to the family of goatsuckers. It is a value for…

An illustration of a pigeon hawk, also known as a Merlin.

Pigeon hawk

An illustration of a pigeon hawk, also known as a Merlin.

Also known as the winter falcon, is found in California, Wisconsin, and South Carolina.

Red-Shouldered Hawk

Also known as the winter falcon, is found in California, Wisconsin, and South Carolina.

The adult female Sharp-Shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus). The "Sharpie" is a small hawk in the Accipitridae family of birds of prey.

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

The adult female Sharp-Shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus). The "Sharpie" is a small hawk in the Accipitridae…

"Accipiter fuscus. Sharp-shinned Hawk. "Pigeon" Hawk. Above, dark plumbeous, slate-color, or bluish-gray, somewhat more fuscous on the wings and tail than on the body, the feathers of the hind-head with fleecy white bases, the scapulars with concealed white spots. Tail crossed by about 4 blackish bars, the first under the coverts, the last subterminal and broadest; extreme tips of the feathers white. Primaries also marked with blackish bars or spots, and whitening at their bases, in bars or indents of the inner webs. Under parts barred crosswise with rufous on a white ground, the bars on some parts cordate and connected along the shafts of the feathers, which are blackish; ear-coverts rufous; rufous mostly or entirely wanting on the cheeks, throat, and crissum, which are more or less finely pencilled with the black shafts of the feathers; crissum, however, often pure white. Axillars barred like other under parts; lining of wings white, with dusky spots." Elliot Coues, 1884

Sharp-shinned Hawk

"Accipiter fuscus. Sharp-shinned Hawk. "Pigeon" Hawk. Above, dark plumbeous, slate-color, or bluish-gray,…

They have circular nostrils with a central tubercle; the plumage of the adult is black with a white basal bar on the tail; the produced cere and naked sides of the head are reddish.

South American Hawk

They have circular nostrils with a central tubercle; the plumage of the adult is black with a white…

Hawks have strong talons, curved bills and keen eyesight.

Sparrow Hawk

Hawks have strong talons, curved bills and keen eyesight.

Several sparrow-hawks roosting on a branch.

Sparrowhawks

Several sparrow-hawks roosting on a branch.

"Accipiter nisus, the Sparrow-Hawk, which breeds throughout Europe, North Africa, Asia north of the Himalayas; extending further south in winter, but represented in South Africa. It is bluish-grey above, with white mottling on the nape and rufous cheeks, the white-tipped tail exhibiting from three to five bands, and the buffish-white under parts red-brown bars. A. H. Evans. This picture shows two adult Sparrow-hawk in a large flat nest of twigs with five young Sparrow-Hawk by a tall tree." A. H. Evans, 1900

Two Sparrow Hawk in a Large Flat Nest of Twigs with Five Young Sparrow-Hawk Beside a Tree Trunk

"Accipiter nisus, the Sparrow-Hawk, which breeds throughout Europe, North Africa, Asia north of the…

"Falco sparverius. Rusty-crowned Falcon. Sparrow Hawk. Adults: Crown ashy-blue, with a chestnut patch, sometimes small or altogether wanting, sometimes occupying nearly all the crown. Conspicuous black maxillary and auricular patches which, with three others around the nape, make seven places in all, usually evident, but some of them often obscure or wanting. Back cinnamon-rufous, or chestnut, like the crown-patch, in the male with a few black spots or none, in the female with numerous black bars. Wing-coverts of the male fine ashy-blue, like the crown, with or without black spots; of the female cinnamon-rufous and black barred, like the back. Quill feathers in male, female blackish, usually with pale edges and tips, and the inner webs with numerous white indentations, or bars continuous along the inner webs, leaving the black chiefly in a series of dentations proceeding from the shafts; ends of secondaries usually also slaty-blue like the coverts. Tail bright chestnut, in the male with white tip, broad black subterminal zone, and outer feathers mostly white with several black bars, in the female the whole tail with numerous imperfect black bars. Under parts white, variously tinged with buff or tawny, in the male with a few black spots or none, in the female with many dark brown streaks; throat and vent usually immaculate. Bill dark horn; cere and feet yellow or orange. Elliot Coues, 1884

Sparrow Hawk

"Falco sparverius. Rusty-crowned Falcon. Sparrow Hawk. Adults: Crown ashy-blue, with a chestnut patch,…

Head of a sparrow-hawk.

American Sparrowhawk

Head of a sparrow-hawk.

Resembles the American sparrow-hawk, feeding primarily on small birds and quadrupeds, as well as domesticated fowls.

European Sparrowhawk

Resembles the American sparrow-hawk, feeding primarily on small birds and quadrupeds, as well as domesticated…

Genus <em>Gypohierax</em>, is about the size of a goose, and is found in Western Africa, particularly Angola.

Vulture Hawk

Genus Gypohierax, is about the size of a goose, and is found in Western Africa, particularly…

An illustration of a hawk-eagle.

Hawk-eagle

An illustration of a hawk-eagle.

"Accipiter fuscus. Sharp-shinned Hawk. "Pigeon" Hawk. Above, dark plumbeous, slate-color, or bluish-gray, somewhat more fuscous on the wings and tail than on the body, the feathers of the hind-head with fleecy white bases, the scapulars with concealed white spots. Tail crossed by about 4 blackish bars, the first under the coverts, the last subterminal and broadest; extreme tips of the feathers white. Primaries also marked with blackish bars or spots, and whitening at their bases, in bars or indents of the inner webs. Under parts barred crosswise with rufous on a white ground, the bars on some parts cordate and connected along the shafts of the feathers, which are blackish; ear-coverts rufous; rufous mostly or entirely wanting on the cheeks, throat, and crissum, which are more or less finely pencilled with the black shafts of the feathers; crissum, however, often pure white. Axillars barred like other under parts; lining of wings white, with dusky spots." Elliot Coues, 1884

Sharp-shinned Hawk - Small

"Accipiter fuscus. Sharp-shinned Hawk. "Pigeon" Hawk. Above, dark plumbeous, slate-color, or bluish-gray,…

Hen

Hen

Hen

The female of any kind of fowl.

Hen

The female of any kind of fowl.

A hen.

Hen

A hen.

A hen and chickens.

Hen

A hen and chickens.

An illustration of a hen, a female chicken.

Hen

An illustration of a hen, a female chicken.

An illustration of a mother hen with four baby chicks.

Mother Hen with Baby Chicks

An illustration of a mother hen with four baby chicks.

Andalusians are generally classified as "Mediterranean" chickens. They are relatively rare, and can produce up to 160 eggs per year.

Blue Andalusian Hen

Andalusians are generally classified as "Mediterranean" chickens. They are relatively rare, and can…

The Fighting Field Hen puffs up its chest so as to look bigger to opponents.

Field Hen

The Fighting Field Hen puffs up its chest so as to look bigger to opponents.

This image depicts a female spotted Java chicken.

Mottled Java Hen

This image depicts a female spotted Java chicken.

They have alulets or little wing like tufts of feathers on the sides of the neck which may have been fancifully likened to Cupid's wings.

Prarie Hen

They have alulets or little wing like tufts of feathers on the sides of the neck which may have been…

"Cupidonia cupido. Pinnated Grouse. Prairie Hen. Above, variegated with black, brown, tawny, or ochrey, and white, the latter especially on the wings; below, pretty regularly barred with dark brown, white,and tawny; throat tawny, a little speckled, or not; vent and crissum mostly white; quills fuscous, with white spots on the outer webs; tail fuscous, with narrow or imperfect white or tawny bars and tips; sexes alike in color but female smaller, with shorter neck tufts." Elliott Coues, 1884

Prairie Hen

"Cupidonia cupido. Pinnated Grouse. Prairie Hen. Above, variegated with black, brown, tawny, or ochrey,…

Prairie hens feed on grasshoppers, wheat, corn, seeds, and the buds of trees. They are also known as the pinnated grouse and the heath-hen.

Prairie Hens

Prairie hens feed on grasshoppers, wheat, corn, seeds, and the buds of trees. They are also known as…

An illustration of two hens walking through a field.

Two Hens

An illustration of two hens walking through a field.

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes small mammals. They have long stout and sharp-pointed beaks, in order to catch fish.

Heron

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes…

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes small mammals. They have long stout and sharp-pointed beaks, in order to catch fish.

Heron

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes…

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes small mammals. They have long stout and sharp-pointed beaks, in order to catch fish.

Heron

Herons are found on the edges of rivers, lakes and marshes and live on fishes, reptiles and sometimes…

These wading birds mostly spend their time wading about in shallow water, feeding upon small fishes, shell-fish, worms and insects.

Heron

These wading birds mostly spend their time wading about in shallow water, feeding upon small fishes,…

"Heron is the common name of birds of the genus Ardea. The herons are distinguished by having a long bill cleft beneath the eyes, a compressed body, long slender legs naked above the tarsal joint, three toes in front, the two outer united by a membrane, and by moderate wings. The tail is short, rounded, and composed of 10 or 12 feathers. The common heron is about three feet in length from the point of the bill to the end of the tail, builds its nest in high trees, many being sometimes on one tree. Its food consists of fish, frogs, mollusks, mice, moles, and similar small animals. It has an insatiable voracity, and digests its food with great rapidity. It haunts fresh water streams, marshes, ponds, and lakes, as also the seashore."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Heron

"Heron is the common name of birds of the genus Ardea. The herons are distinguished by having a long…

"Ardea. Great Herons. Of largest size, former well feathered all around. Tibia extensively denuded below. Tarsus longer than middle toe and claw. Outer lateral toe longer than inner. Bill shorter than tarsus, equal to or longer than middle toe and claw. Colors dark and varied, exceptionally white; back without lengthened loosened plumes; scapulars lanceolate, lengthened, but not loosened; lower fore-neck with lengthened feathers; head crested, in breeding season with two long, slender, flowing, occipital plumes. Sexes alike; young similar, but lacking all lengthened feathers." Elliot Coues, 1884

Heron

"Ardea. Great Herons. Of largest size, former well feathered all around. Tibia extensively denuded below.…

A great blue heron, commonly found in tropical areas like Florida.  They belong to the order Grallatores, tribe Cultrirostres, and family Ardeida, which also includes spoonbills, storks, boatbills, night-herons, bitterns, adjutants, and ibises.

Heron

A great blue heron, commonly found in tropical areas like Florida. They belong to the order Grallatores,…

A Heron bill, showing its cultrirostral property.

Heron Bill

A Heron bill, showing its cultrirostral property.

This heron has a bill like an overturned boat. It also has a beautiful black crest that falls down behind its head.

Boatbill Heron

This heron has a bill like an overturned boat. It also has a beautiful black crest that falls down behind…

"The most typical forms of Ardea (Common Heron) are large slaty-coloured birds, varied by black, rufous, and white, the head being commonly darker and lower parts striped; while two slender occipital plumes are, in most cases, developed in the nuptial period, and the scapular and jugular feathers are elongated, though not decomposed." A. H. Evans, 1900

Common Heron

"The most typical forms of Ardea (Common Heron) are large slaty-coloured birds, varied by black, rufous,…

The European night heron draws its name from its nocturnal habits.

European Night Heron

The European night heron draws its name from its nocturnal habits.

Also known as the crested heron, the European gray heron ranges from Middle and Southern Europe into parts of Asia and Africa.

Gray Heron

Also known as the crested heron, the European gray heron ranges from Middle and Southern Europe into…

"Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)."-Whitney, 1902

Great Blue Heron

"Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)."-Whitney, 1902

"Ardea herodias. Great Blue Heron. Of large size, and varied dark colors, not dichromatic. Back without peculiar plumes at any season, but scapulars lengthened and lanceolate; an occipital crest, two deciduous feathers of which in the breeding season are long and filamentous; long loose feathers on the lower neck. Adult: Bill yellow, more or less blackened on culmen; lores blue; iris chrome yellow; legs and feet blackish, the soles yellowish. Tibia the edge of wing chestnut-brown. Forehead and middle of crown white; sides of of crown and occipital crest black. Neck pale purplish-gray, with a mixed white, black, and rust throat-line, yielding to white on chin and cheeks. Plumes of lower neck, the breast, and belly, black, more or less interrupted with white streaks on the middle line; crissum white. Upper parts in general slaty-blue; tail the same; long scapular feathers more pearly-gray; wing-quills deepening from this color to the black primaries." Elliot Coues, 1884

Great Blue Heron

"Ardea herodias. Great Blue Heron. Of large size, and varied dark colors, not dichromatic. Back without…