222 illustrations of birds including: saberbill, sanderling, sandpiper, scoter, screamer, seagull, secretary bird, shearwater, sheldrake, shore-lark, shoveler, shrike, skimmer, scua, skylark, snipe, snow-bird, soui-manga, sparrow, spoonbill, starling, stilt, stork, sultan, sunbird, swallow, swan, swift, and swordbill

"Standing some four feet high on very long legs, this bird (Secretary Bird) gives the impression of a Heron or Crane, and is a striking object on its native plains. The short strong beak is greatly arched, and is not toothed, the neck is elongated, the body comparatively small, and the metatarsus boldly scutellated all around, the short straight toes with their blunt claws being joined anteriorly by small membranes The ample wings have eleven pointed primaries and seventeen secondaries. the graduated tail of twelve rectrices has the two obtuse median feathers drooping and much prolonged. Down is evenly distributed over the adults, and an after-shaft is present. The general colour is bluish-grey, with black wing-quills, lower back and vent; the loose pendent crest on the occiput and nape contains ten plumes in pairs, the longer being black and the shorter grey with black ends; the tail grey, subterminally barred with black and tipped with white, which sometimes shews on the short close flank-feathers. The long cere, naked sides of the face, and feet are yellow, the irides hazel. The sexes are similar." A. H. Evans

Secretary Bird

"Standing some four feet high on very long legs, this bird (Secretary Bird) gives the impression of…

The Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) is a common duck in the Anatidae family of water birds.

Northern Shoveler

The Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) is a common duck in the Anatidae family of water birds.

A South Americandendrocolaptine bird of the genus Xiphorhynchus.

Saberbill

A South Americandendrocolaptine bird of the genus Xiphorhynchus.

The Saltator magnus is an American songbird in the cardinal family.

Saltator

The Saltator magnus is an American songbird in the cardinal family.

A class of wading birds of the snipe family, which are widely diffused in the northern hemisphere. Birds of this species breed in the Arctic regions, both in America and Eurasia, and on the approach of winter move southward as far as Brazil and Africa.

Sanderling

A class of wading birds of the snipe family, which are widely diffused in the northern hemisphere. Birds…

"Sanderling (Calidris arenaria), in breeding plumage." -Whitney, 1911

Sanderling

"Sanderling (Calidris arenaria), in breeding plumage." -Whitney, 1911

"Calidris arenaria. Sanderling. Ruddy "Plover". Adult in summer: Entire upper parts and neck all round variegated with black, light ashy and bright reddish; on the back and scapulars each feather having a central black field, and being broadly margined and tipped with ashy or reddish. Under parts white, immaculate. Outer webs an tips of primaries deep brownish-black, inner light ashy. A white spot at base of inner primaries. Secondaries mostly pure white; the outer vanes and part of inner on the latter half dusky. Greater coverts dusky, broadly tipped and narrowly edged with pure white. Rump, upper tail-coverts and central tail-feathers dusky, tipped and narrowly edged with ashy-white; lateral tail=-feathers very light ash, nearly white. Bill and feet black." Elliot Coues, 1884

Sanderling

"Calidris arenaria. Sanderling. Ruddy "Plover". Adult in summer: Entire upper parts and neck all round…

The Pin-Tailed Sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata) is a bird in the Columbiformes order.

Pin-Tailed Sandgrouse

The Pin-Tailed Sandgrouse (Pterocles alchata) is a bird in the Columbiformes order.

Sandpipers live in small flocks on the banks of rivers and on the sea-coast

Sandpiper

Sandpipers live in small flocks on the banks of rivers and on the sea-coast

Sandpipers live in small flocks on the banks of rivers and on the sea-coast.

Sandpiper

Sandpipers live in small flocks on the banks of rivers and on the sea-coast.

An extensive group of wading birds of the snipe family. They are found in large numbers in swampy regions, on the shores of the sea, and on the banks of rivers, lakes, and ponds.

Sandpiper

An extensive group of wading birds of the snipe family. They are found in large numbers in swampy regions,…

"The broad-billed sandpiper.. [is] six and a half inches long, variegated above with black, rufous, and gray; beneath grayish-white, tinged with buffish-red; rare, but distributed throughout Europe." — Goodrich, 1859

Broad-Billed Sandpiper

"The broad-billed sandpiper.. [is] six and a half inches long, variegated above with black, rufous,…

"Tryngites rufescens. Buff-breasted Sandpiper. Above, brownish-black with a greenish gloss, every feather broadly margined with tawny or yellowish-brown, the latter the prevailing tone. Under parts buff or fawn-colored, without markings except a few small blackish spots on sides of breast. Central tail-feathers greenish-brown, blackening at ends; others paler, often rufescent, with white or tawny tips and subterminal black bar; and usually, also, some black marbling or streaking/ Primaries and secondaries ashy-brown blackening at end, the extreme tip white - most of the inner webs of the primaries, and both webs of the secondaries pearly white, speckled and marbled with black. This curious tracery, best seen from below, is diagnostic; though the precise pattern varies interminably. The patch of under coverts at the bases of the primaries have the same character. Axillars white, lining of wings white or rufescent. Iris brown. Bill brownish-black; legs greenish or yellowish." Elliot Coues, 1884

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

"Tryngites rufescens. Buff-breasted Sandpiper. Above, brownish-black with a greenish gloss, every feather…

Averaging about eight inches in length, the curlew sandpiper can be found in Northern Europe, Asia, parts of Africa, as well as North America. It is an uncommon species.

Curlew Sandpipers

Averaging about eight inches in length, the curlew sandpiper can be found in Northern Europe, Asia,…

"Sandpiper is a popular name for several wading birds."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Fighting Sandpiper

"Sandpiper is a popular name for several wading birds."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

The Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) is a small shorebird in the Scolopacidae family of waders. It was once known as the synonym Greenshank (Totanus glottis).

Green Sandpiper

The Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) is a small shorebird in the Scolopacidae family of waders. It…

The pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos (or Actodromas maculata) is a small wading bird of the Scolopacidae family.

Pectoral Sandpiper

The pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos (or Actodromas maculata) is a small wading bird of the Scolopacidae…

The Semipalmated Sandpiper (Ereunetes pusillus) is a bird in Scolopacidae family of waders.

Semipalmated Sandpiper

The Semipalmated Sandpiper (Ereunetes pusillus) is a bird in Scolopacidae family of waders.

A water wading bird mostly found in Europe. Has a dark green back and grey head.

Solitary Sandpiper

A water wading bird mostly found in Europe. Has a dark green back and grey head.

"Rhyacophilus solitarius. Solitary Tattler. American Green Sandpiper. Solitary Sandpiper. Above, dark lustrous olive-brown, streaked on the head and neck, elsewhere finely speckled, with white; no continuous white on rump or upper tail-coverts. Below, white; the jugulum and sides of neck shaded with brownish and streaked with dusky; sides, axillars, and `lining of wings regularly barred with dusky. Rump and upper tail-coverts like back; tail beautifully and regularly barred throughout with black and white; white prevailing on the outer feathers, where the dark bars may be broken, and white reduced to a series of marginal spots on the middle feathers. Primaries and edge of wing blackish, unmarked; secondaries like back, mostly unmarked, the inner ones gradually gaining white spots. Bill blackish; legs dull greenish." Elliot Coues, 1884

Solitary Sandpiper

"Rhyacophilus solitarius. Solitary Tattler. American Green Sandpiper. Solitary Sandpiper. Above, dark…

The Spoon-Billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus) is a small wading bird in the Scolopacidae family of waders.

Spoon-Billed

The Spoon-Billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus) is a small wading bird in the Scolopacidae family…

"Eurynorhynchus pygmaeus. Spoon-billed Sandpiper. General appearance of a stint, and size little greater. Coloration of upper parts almost exactly as in the species just names, the feathers being black, with indented light chestnut-red edgings, and mostly grayish-white tips; crown simply streaked with the reddish color and black. Under parts white, the whole throat, breast, and sides of the neck overlaid with bright chestnut (as in a highly-plumaged sanderling), the breast, back of this colored area, and the sides of the body, spotted with dusky. Primaries plain dusky, with blackish outer webs and ends, and mostly white shafts; secondaries mostly white from the base; greater coverts white-tipped. Bill and feet black." Elliot Coues, 1884

Spoon-billed Sandpiper

"Eurynorhynchus pygmaeus. Spoon-billed Sandpiper. General appearance of a stint, and size little greater.…

"Tringoides macularius. Spotted Sandpiper. Above, silken ashen-olive (quaker-color- as in our cuckoos) with a coppery lustre, finely varied with blackish, in streaks on head and neck, elsewhere in wavy or otherwise irregular cross-bars. line over eye, and entire under parts, pure white, with numerous sharp circular black spots, larger and more crowded in the female than in the male. Secondaries. and their coverts broadly white-tipped; some white feathers along bend of wing; axillars and lining of wings white, the latter with an oblique dusky bar. Primaries and most of the secondaries brownish-black, with brown shafts and large white basal spaces, concealed in the folded wing, conspicuous in flight. Upper tail-coverts and middle tail-feathers like back; lateral ones successively acquiring white tips; outer with several incomplete white bars. Feet pinkish-white, drying yellowish. Bill flesh-color, black-tipped; sometimes much of culmen dusky; sometimes much of under mandible orange." Elliot Coues, 1884

Spotted Sandpiper

"Tringoides macularius. Spotted Sandpiper. Above, silken ashen-olive (quaker-color- as in our cuckoos)…

The Stilt Sandpiper, Micropalama himantopus or Calidris himantopus, is a small shorebird. The Stilt Sandpiper breeds in the open arctic tundra of North America It is a very long-distance migrant, wintering mainly in South America. It occurs as a rare vagrant to western Europe.This species nests on the ground, laying three or four eggs. The male has a display flight. Outside the breeding season, this bird is normally found on inland waters, rather than open coasts.

Stilt Sandpiper

The Stilt Sandpiper, Micropalama himantopus or Calidris himantopus, is a small shorebird. The Stilt…

"Micropalama himantopus. Stilt Sandpiper. In summer: blackish, each feather edged and tipped with white and tawny or bay, which on the scapulars becomes scalloped. Auriculars chestnut; a dusky line from bill to eye, and a light reddish superciliary one; upper tail-coverts white with dusky bars. Primaries dusky with blackish tips; tail-feathers 12 ashy-gray, their edges and a central field white; under parts mixed reddish, black, and whitish, in streaks on the jugulum, elsewhere in bars; bill and feet greenish-black." Elliot Coues, 1884

Stilt Sandpiper

"Micropalama himantopus. Stilt Sandpiper. In summer: blackish, each feather edged and tipped with white…

"The Dwarf Hummingbird is a species which is only about the size of a bee. The Bar-tailed Hummingbird, or Sappho Comet, is a native of eastern Peru."

Sappho Comet

"The Dwarf Hummingbird is a species which is only about the size of a bee. The Bar-tailed Hummingbird,…

"Momotus caeruleiceps. Blue-headed Saw-bill. The central tail-feathers are long-exserted, and spatulate by absence of webs along a part of the shaft - a mutilation effected, it is said, by the birds themselves; the bill is about as long as the head, gently curved; the nostrils are rounded, basal, exposed; the wings are short and rounded; the tarsi are scutellate anteriorly. It is greenish, with blue head." Elliot Coues, 1884

Blue-headed Saw-bill

"Momotus caeruleiceps. Blue-headed Saw-bill. The central tail-feathers are long-exserted, and spatulate…

An assortment of scansores sitting in a tree.

Scansores

An assortment of scansores sitting in a tree.

"Milvulus tyrannus, Scissor-tail, normally exhibits olive, grey, yellow, or white in varying proportions." A. H. Evans, 1900

Scissor-tail

"Milvulus tyrannus, Scissor-tail, normally exhibits olive, grey, yellow, or white in varying proportions."…

"Sometimes the Scissorbill is called the Cutwater. It is about the size of a pigeon."

The Scissorbill

"Sometimes the Scissorbill is called the Cutwater. It is about the size of a pigeon."

"Oidemia americana. American Black Scoter. Sea Coot. Adult male: Plumage entirely black, less glossy and jetty below than above, grayish on the inner webs of the quills. Iris brown. Feet blackish. Young male resembling the female. Female: Sooty-brown, paler below, becoming grayish-white on belly, there dusky-speckled, on sides and flanks dusky-waved; throat and sides of head mostly continuous whitish, not in special spots; bill blackish, not bulging; feet livid olivaceous with black webs." Elliot Coues, 1884

Black Scoter

"Oidemia americana. American Black Scoter. Sea Coot. Adult male: Plumage entirely black, less glossy…

Common in Europe and North America, the velvet scoter is also known as the white-winged coot.

Velvet Scoter

Common in Europe and North America, the velvet scoter is also known as the white-winged coot.

Screamers live near moist marshy locations or sandy streams. They do not swim, but walk along the vegetation for food.

Screamer

Screamers live near moist marshy locations or sandy streams. They do not swim, but walk along the vegetation…

Screamers live near moist marshy locations or sandy streams. They do not swim, but walk along the vegetation for food.

Screamer

Screamers live near moist marshy locations or sandy streams. They do not swim, but walk along the vegetation…

A class of wading birds native to South America. In habits they resemble somewhat the duck, but do not have webbed feet.

Screamer

A class of wading birds native to South America. In habits they resemble somewhat the duck, but do not…

The Screamers are a small family of birds, the Anhimidae.The three species occur only in South America, ranging from Venezuela to northern Argentina. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes, these can break off in the breast of other screamers, and are regularly renewed.

Screamer

The Screamers are a small family of birds, the Anhimidae.The three species occur only in South America,…

Also known as the kamichi, the horned screamer gets its name from the three inch horn on its head, as well as its loud, distinctive cries.

Horned Screamer

Also known as the kamichi, the horned screamer gets its name from the three inch horn on its head, as…

"Chauna Cristata, Northern Screamer, is dark grey, with a black ring around the neck and whitish-grey cheeks and throat. This is the largest form, and is bigger than turkey; it ranges from South Brazil to Argentina." A. H. Evans, 1900

Northern Screamer

"Chauna Cristata, Northern Screamer, is dark grey, with a black ring around the neck and whitish-grey…

The Rufous Scrub-Bird (Atrichornis rufescens) is a species of Australian birds in the Atrichornithidae family of scrub-birds.

Rufous Scrub-Bird

The Rufous Scrub-Bird (Atrichornis rufescens) is a species of Australian birds in the Atrichornithidae…

A small seagull standing on a piece of wood.

Seagull

A small seagull standing on a piece of wood.

A black-headed Gull standing on one leg on the beach.

Black-headed Seagull

A black-headed Gull standing on one leg on the beach.

The origin of the name for the secretary bird is an allusion to the custom that clerks had of placing pens behind the ear when goose-quills were used for writing, (Figuier, 1869).

Secretary Bird

The origin of the name for the secretary bird is an allusion to the custom that clerks had of placing…

A bird of prey located in South Africa and the Philippine Islands.

Secretary Bird

A bird of prey located in South Africa and the Philippine Islands.

A genus of rapacious birds native to Africa and the Philippine Islands. They are so named from the fanciful resemblance between the crest, made up of a peculiar plume of long feathers, and pens projecting behind the ears of a clerk.

Secretary Bird

A genus of rapacious birds native to Africa and the Philippine Islands. They are so named from the fanciful…

The Secretary Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius) is a bird of prey known for hunting snakes and other reptiles.

Secretary Bird

The Secretary Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius) is a bird of prey known for hunting snakes and other reptiles.

"Cariama cristata, the Seriem&aacute, or Crested Screamer, extending from Pernambuco to Paraguay and Matto Grosso, is ochreous-grey above with zig-zag umber markings, and whitish below with brown stripes. Vertical feathers on the lores form a conspicuous crest, while those of the neck and throat are long and loose; interrupted white bands cross the remiges, and the bases and tips of the lateral rectrices. The iris is yellow, the beak and feet are red, the naked orbits greenish. The female is yellower, and exhibits less crest." A. H. Evans, 1900

Seriemá

"Cariama cristata, the Seriemá, or Crested Screamer, extending from Pernambuco to Paraguay and…

The Red-Legged Seriema (Cariama cristata) is a predatory terrestrial bird in the Cariamidae family of seriemas.

Red-Legged Seriema

The Red-Legged Seriema (Cariama cristata) is a predatory terrestrial bird in the Cariamidae family of…

"Puffinus opisthomelas. Black-vented Shearwater. Dark color of upper parts extending farther on sides of head than in obscurus, leaving no white about eye. Under tail-coverts entirely sooty-blackish, except a few of the shortest just at the vent. More dark color on flanks, on lining of wings and axillars than in obscurus. In the dry state, bill yellowish or reddish-brown, the nasal tubes and culmen blackish, the hook mostly bluish-white. Outside of tarsus for the most part, outer toe and edges of webs, blackish; rest of foot pale yellowish flesh-color; "iris brown" Elliot Coues, 1884

Black-vented Shearwater

"Puffinus opisthomelas. Black-vented Shearwater. Dark color of upper parts extending farther on sides…

"The great shearwater reaches a length of eighteen inches, is white beneath, and is generally distributed throughout the Atlantic Ocean."—Finley, 1917

Great Shearwater

"The great shearwater reaches a length of eighteen inches, is white beneath, and is generally distributed…

Averaging about eighteen inches in length, the greater shearwater is uncommon in Europe; it breeds on the coast of Newfoundland.

Greater Shearwater

Averaging about eighteen inches in length, the greater shearwater is uncommon in Europe; it breeds on…

"Puffinus fuliginosus. Sooty Shearwater. Nearly uniform dark sooty-brown, blackening on quills and tail-feathers, more sooty-gray below, paler still on the throat; lining of wings mixed sooty and whitish. Bill drying an undefinable dark color, in life dusky bluish-horn color, the tube, ridge, and hook blackish; feet drying dark outside, pale inside; in life the inside of tarsus and upper side of feet livid flesh-color, the outside of outer toe and under side of feet blackish; eye blackish." Elliot Coues, 1884

Sooty Shearwater

"Puffinus fuliginosus. Sooty Shearwater. Nearly uniform dark sooty-brown, blackening on quills and tail-feathers,…

The Snowy Sheathbill (Chionis alba) is a bird in the Chionididae family and is Antarctica's only permanently land-based bird.

Snowy Sheathbill

The Snowy Sheathbill (Chionis alba) is a bird in the Chionididae family and is Antarctica's only permanently…

Tadorna cornuta, the Sheld-Drake or Bargander, ...shews a white collar on the lower neck followed by a broad chestnut band; blackish outer scapulars, remiges, and the tip of a tail; a patch of chestnut on the inner secondaries, a green speculum, and a brown line down the under parts, the remaining portions being white." A. H. Evans, 1900

Shelduck

Tadorna cornuta, the Sheld-Drake or Bargander, ...shews a white collar on the lower neck followed by…

The Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) is a duck distinguished by its red bill and white, brown, and green feathers. It belongs to the Anatidae family of ducks, geese, and swans.

Common Shelduck

The Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) is a duck distinguished by its red bill and white, brown, and…

"It is the most remarkable of all duck tribe. It is larger and stands higher on its legs than the common wild duck."

The Shieldrake

"It is the most remarkable of all duck tribe. It is larger and stands higher on its legs than the common…

"Balaeniceps rex, the Shoebill, of the White Nile, has a short crest, and is brownish-grey with blackish wings, tail, and feet the bill being yellow with dusky mottlings." A. H. Evans, 1900

Shoebill

"Balaeniceps rex, the Shoebill, of the White Nile, has a short crest, and is brownish-grey with blackish…

Also called the broad-bill and spoon-bill, the shoveler is commonly found on lakes and rivers, where it forages for worms and other food on the muddy banks.

Shoveler

Also called the broad-bill and spoon-bill, the shoveler is commonly found on lakes and rivers, where…

"The Shoveler is smaller than the common wild duck; it has a very long bill, with the upper mandible of a semicylindrical shape, dilated at its extremity, somewhat in the form of a small spoon."

The Shoveler

"The Shoveler is smaller than the common wild duck; it has a very long bill, with the upper mandible…

"Spatula clypeata. Shoveller Duck. Broad-bill. Bill blackish; iris orange-red: feet vermilion-red. Head and neck dark glossy green. Lower neck and fore breast pure white. Abdomen purplish-chestnut. Wing-coverts sky-blue; speculum rich green, set between white tips of greater coverts, and black subtips and white tips of secondaries; inner secondaries greenish-black, with long white stripe; long scapulars blue on outer webs, striped with white and greenish-black on inner; short anterior scapulars white. Rump and upper and under tail-coverts black; a white patch on each side at root of tail." Elliot Coues, 1884

Northern Shoveler

"Spatula clypeata. Shoveller Duck. Broad-bill. Bill blackish; iris orange-red: feet vermilion-red. Head…

This duck is smaller than a common duck with a long beak with a spoon shape ventrally.

Shoveller

This duck is smaller than a common duck with a long beak with a spoon shape ventrally.