The German Buildings and Monuments ClipArt gallery offers 85 illustrations of churches, cathedrals, government buildings, castles, monuments, and other famous German structures.

Abbey of Allerheiligen, or All Saints, this abbey is beautifully situated on the banks of the Lierbach, a stream which takes its rise on the western slope of the Hornisgrinde, and turns sharply southward. Indebted for its foundation to the Duchess Uta von Schauenberg, according to tradition owed its situation to an ass. The duchess determined to found an abbey, but undecided as to the site, she ordered the necessary funds to be placed on the back of an ass, declaring that where the animal stopped there she would build. On this spot work was at once begun in the year 1192 and two years after the monastery was completed.

Abbey of Allerheiligen

Abbey of Allerheiligen, or All Saints, this abbey is beautifully situated on the banks of the Lierbach,…

"Albrecht Dürer's House in Nürnberg. From the engraving in Dibdin's 'Biographical Tour.'" -Heath, 1901

Albrecht Dürer's House in Nürnberg

"Albrecht Dürer's House in Nürnberg. From the engraving in Dibdin's 'Biographical Tour.'"…

Bacharach, one of the most picturesque of all the old towns of Germany. The town of Bacharach has a curious medley of houses with fantastic turrets, preposterous facades, impossible gables,-heavy beams designing arabesque on the outside of some of these edifices, chimneys in the shape of tiaras and crowns, an extravagant weathercocks made of Gothic letters out of old manuscripts.

Town of Bacharach

Bacharach, one of the most picturesque of all the old towns of Germany. The town of Bacharach has a…

Bathing was an important part in Ancient Roman culture and society. In Germany there are These Roman baths varied from simple to exceedingly elaborate structures. In taking a Roman bath, the bather induced sweating by gradually exposing himself to increasing temperatures. To accommodate this ritual, all Roman bathhouses contained a series of rooms which got progressively hotter. Most contained a room just inside the entrance where the bather stored his clothes. After taking a series of sweat and/or immersion baths, the bather returned to the cooler tepidarium (a warm room) for a massage with oils and final scraping with metal implements. Today ruins of Roman baths remain in three German cities, Trier, Baden-Baden, and Baden-Württemberg.

Ancient Roman Baths

Bathing was an important part in Ancient Roman culture and society. In Germany there are These Roman…

The Statue of Bavaria is a bronze-cast statue of a female figure representing Bavaria's "secular patron saint", the Tellus (Mater) Bavarica. It is also called the goddess of the land of Bavaria. The statue was built at the foundry of J.B. Stiglmair from 1844 until 1850, mainly by Stiglmair's nephew Ferdinand Von Miller. Since the Bavaria is one of the biggest bronze sculptures in the world, it had to be built out of four big parts and several smaller ones.

Statue of Bavaria

The Statue of Bavaria is a bronze-cast statue of a female figure representing Bavaria's "secular patron…

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the ornamentation has affinity with the Gothic style, whilst the larger number show traces of the later Renaissance. The most characteristic feature of these buildings is that the storeys are not places perpendicularly one above another, but that each overhangs the one immediately beneath it [shown here]. This overhanging construction gives scope for much external enrichment, and especially for that which forms the perpendicular ornament of these buildings, namely, the carved or fluted brackets which support the walls of the story above, and the spaces between these brackets. The wall space below these is not always fluted or carved, but sometimes covered with a more or less ornamental outer coating of upright or sloping timbers."

Front of a Bay-work House at Halberstadt

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the…

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the ornamentation has affinity with the Gothic style, whilst the larger number show traces of the later Renaissance. The most characteristic feature of these buildings is that the storeys are not places perpendicularly one above another, but that each overhangs the one immediately beneath it. This overhanging construction gives scope for much external enrichment, and especially for that which forms the perpendicular ornament of these buildings, namely, the carved or fluted brackets which support the walls of the story above, and the spaces between these brackets [shown here]. The wall space below these is not always fluted or carved, but sometimes covered with a more or less ornamental outer coating of upright or sloping timbers."

Detail of a Bay-work House at Halberstadt

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the…

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the ornamentation has affinity with the Gothic style, whilst the larger number show traces of the later Renaissance. The most characteristic feature of these buildings is that the storeys are not places perpendicularly one above another, but that each overhangs the one immediately beneath it. This overhanging construction gives scope for much external enrichment, and especially for that which forms the perpendicular ornament of these buildings, namely, the carved or fluted brackets which support the walls of the story above, and the spaces between these brackets [shown here]. The wall space below these is not always fluted or carved, but sometimes covered with a more or less ornamental outer coating of upright or sloping timbers."

Detail of a Bay-work House at Halberstadt

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the…

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the ornamentation has affinity with the Gothic style, whilst the larger number show traces of the later Renaissance. The most characteristic feature of these buildings is that the storeys are not places perpendicularly one above another, but that each overhangs the one immediately beneath it. This overhanging construction gives scope for much external enrichment, and especially for that which forms the perpendicular ornament of these buildings, namely, the carved or fluted brackets which support the walls of the story above, and the spaces between these brackets. The wall space below these is not always fluted or carved, but sometimes covered with a more or less ornamental outer coating of upright or sloping timbers [shown here]."

Portion of a Bay-work House at Halberstadt

"Framed houses are especially numerous in the Harz Mountains in Germany. In the oldest specimens the…

View of a peasant's house in the Black Forest. The scene includes an ox cart loaded with hay, children playing, and two geese.

Peasant's House in the Black Forest

View of a peasant's house in the Black Forest. The scene includes an ox cart loaded with hay, children…

View of a village in the Schwartzwald, or Black Forest. The Black Forest stands in the elbow formed by the Rhine river in its course from Schaffhausen to Basle, and from Basle to Mannheim. It is bounded by the plain that borders the river The Neckar River bounds it on the north, while on the east it is limited by the upper part of the same river, and by an imaginary line drawn from the source of the Neckar to Schaffhausen. The Black Forest owes its gloomy name to the dark aspect of its peaks and slopes which is shadowed by pine-trees. On the brightest day the forest's trees still retain their shadow.

Black Forest Village

View of a village in the Schwartzwald, or Black Forest. The Black Forest stands in the elbow formed…

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps.The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is located 80 m (262 ft) up the northern part of the Königstuhl hillside, and thereby dominates the view of the old downtown. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the Königstuhl.The earliest castle structure was built before AD 1214 and later expanded into 2 castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. In 1764, another lightning-bolt destroyed some rebuilt sections."The Renaissance style was not employed in Germany before the middle of the sixteenth century, and the most noteworthy instances of it are the Belvedere of Ferdinand I., on the Hradschin at Prague, and the so-called Otto Henry buildings at Heidelberg Castle (1556-1559). The Façade of the last-mentioned structure" "in peculiar for a richness and variety of details which almost border on excess. At the same time a certain heaviness prevails, which forms a contrast to the graceful elegance of the best Italian buildings in the same style: in fact these faults may be said to characterize the productions of the German Renaissance style in general. A further instance of this is afforded by [this image], which represents a portion of the façade , though, properly speaking, it belongs to the Roccocco style."

Façade of the Building of Henry the Wise in Heidelberg Castle (1601-1607)

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and…

Wartburg Castle.

Castle

Wartburg Castle.

A castle on the Rhine in Germany.

Castle

A castle on the Rhine in Germany.

One of four standing medieval castles in Neckarsteinach, also known as "Vier Burgeneck" because of its four standing medieval castles, is a town in the Kreis Bergstraße, in Hesse, Germany.  The town was originally called Steinach, when it received city rights in 1377 it was renamed Neckarsteinach. The Knights of Steinach, lived in the local castle at the time. Two of the castles are still occupied by residents, and the two others are in ruins.

Castle of Neckarsteinach

One of four standing medieval castles in Neckarsteinach, also known as "Vier Burgeneck" because of its…

Falkenstein Castle or Castrum Pfronten is a High Middle Ages castle ruin in the Bavarian Alps, near Pfronten, a town in southern Germany. The ruin's German name is Burg Falkenstein ("Castle Falcon Stone"). At 1,268 meters above sea level, it is Germany's most elevated castle ruin. Originally known as Castrum Pfronten, the stone castle was built approximately 1270-1280 by Count Meinhard II von Tirol on the borders of his land (Tyrol). Because of the unusual situation of the Castle it has been interpreted in historical context as a symbol of opposition to the Duchy of Bavaria. In winter the castle was uninhabitable because of the high altitude at which it is located. The name Castle Falkenstein only came into use in the 15th century. The castle was largely destroyed in the 17th century. King Ludwig II of Bavaria purchased the ruin in 1883 and planned to transform the site into a magnificent fairy tale schloss (formerly schloß). The plans were abandoned upon his death in 1886.

Falkenstein Castle

Falkenstein Castle or Castrum Pfronten is a High Middle Ages castle ruin in the Bavarian Alps, near…

The ancestral home of Conrad of Hohenzollern and the third castle constructed on the site. The castle stands today, and was constructed by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV between 1846 and 1867. It is located in the Suabian Alps.

Castle of Hohenzollern

The ancestral home of Conrad of Hohenzollern and the third castle constructed on the site. The castle…

Weierburg, a fine ancient structure produces such a charming effect that every one asks its name. Though the castle has neither high towers nor walls, it bears the proud name of "burg," (meaning an ancient or medieval fortress), and in ancient times may well have been a strong castle. Once the summer residence of the Emperor Maximilian, some of his relics are still preserved there.

Castle of Weierburg

Weierburg, a fine ancient structure produces such a charming effect that every one asks its name. Though…

The Cathedral of Cologne is renowned as a monument of Christianity and of Gothic architecture. It is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe. Because of its enormous twin spires, it also presents the largest façade of any church in the world. The famous tomb of the Magi is contained within its walls. Three copper lamps, always burning, bear the names of the three kings, Gaspar, Melchior, and Balthazar.

Cathedral of Cologne

The Cathedral of Cologne is renowned as a monument of Christianity and of Gothic architecture. It is…

The Cologne Cathedral viewed from the front.

Cologne Cathedral

The Cologne Cathedral viewed from the front.

Cloisters of Heiligenkreuz, a German monastery.

Cloisters

Cloisters of Heiligenkreuz, a German monastery.

The Gewandhaus, or Cloth Hall, at Old Town Market in Brunswick originally served as a warehouse for a garment cutter. This image "shows an interesting and pleasing example of the German Renaissance."

Cloth Hall at Brunswick

The Gewandhaus, or Cloth Hall, at Old Town Market in Brunswick originally served as a warehouse for…

West front view of the Cologne Cathedral in Germany.

Cologne Cathedral

West front view of the Cologne Cathedral in Germany.

"Germany's most beautiful cathedral, Cologne." -Foster, 1921

Cologne Cathedral

"Germany's most beautiful cathedral, Cologne." -Foster, 1921

"This edifice was begun in the eleventh century, but was not finished until our own day (1880). It is one of the most imposing monuments of Gothic architecture in the world."—Myers, 1905

The Cologne Cathedral

"This edifice was begun in the eleventh century, but was not finished until our own day (1880). It is…

The Cathedral of Constance (Konstanzer Münster in German) served as the central church of the diocese of Konstanz until 1821. Records indicate that in 590 the Alemannic diocese of Constance is established. The former bishopric of Vindonissa was replaced by Lausanne in the west and Constance in the east.

Constance Cathedral

The Cathedral of Constance (Konstanzer Münster in German) served as the central church of the diocese…

The Dresden Hotel in Bellevue, Germany.

Dresden-Hotel Bellevue

The Dresden Hotel in Bellevue, Germany.

The new Opera House, Frankfort.

Frankfort, Opera House

The new Opera House, Frankfort.

View of the Main River flowing through Frankfort.

Frankfort-on-the-Main

View of the Main River flowing through Frankfort.

A statue of Frederick the Great.

Statue of Frederick the Great

A statue of Frederick the Great.

The original Freiburg Cathedral, was founded by Conrad, Duke of Zaeringen in the 12th Century. The present cathedral completed in 1513, is considered one of the finest specimens of Gothic architecture in Germany. The Cathedral has an impressive steeple reaching to the height of three hundred and sixty five feet above the ground. The interior of the steeple is completely hollow.

Catherdal of Freiburg

The original Freiburg Cathedral, was founded by Conrad, Duke of Zaeringen in the 12th Century. The present…

"The monument stands on a wooded hillside opposite Bingen and overlooking the Rhine valley. The great base, 82 feet high, supports an impressive figure of Germania, 34 feet high, with the imperial crown and the laurel-wreathed sword. On the side of the pedestal facing the river is a design symbolizing 'The Watch on the Rhine.' The other sides of the pedestal bear designs representing various scenes in the Franco-German War."—Webster, 1920

The German National Monument

"The monument stands on a wooded hillside opposite Bingen and overlooking the Rhine valley. The great…

"In contrast to the Berlin school is that of Munich, which was founded by Gärtner. Its influence, which was supported by the renown of many edifices constructed by this architect, such as the Liberty, the University Buildings, and the Ludwigskirche, extended over many other parts of Germany. Without being in any way influenced by the works of Klenze, which are erected in the classical style, such as the Glyptothek, the Pantheon, the Valhalla, and many others, Gärtner's pupils as well as his pupil's pupils, continued in the course of Romantic treatment pointed out to them, and with few exceptions remained steadfast to the Romanesque style."The Glyptothek is a museum in Munich, Germany, which was commissioned by the Bavarian King Ludwig I to house his collection of Greek and Roman sculptures (hence Glypto-, from the Greek root glyphein, to carve). It was designed by Leo von Klenze in the Neoclassical style, and built from 1816 to 1830. Today the museum is a part of the Kunstareal.

Glyptothek at Munich

"In contrast to the Berlin school is that of Munich, which was founded by Gärtner. Its influence,…

The Glyptothek is a museum in Munich, Germany, which was commissioned by the Bavarian King Ludwig I to house his collection of Greek and Roman sculptures (hence Glypto-, from the Greek root glyphein, to carve). It was designed by Leo von Klenze in the Neoclassical style, and built from 1816 to 1830.

Glyptothek

The Glyptothek is a museum in Munich, Germany, which was commissioned by the Bavarian King Ludwig I…

The old donjon (tower or keep) of the Godesburg surmounts on the hill of the same name sits but a little distance from Bonn. Some say the hill itself was anciently devoted to the worship of Mercury while others maintain that the early structure known to have stood for was an open court of justice, of German tribes.

Godesburg

The old donjon (tower or keep) of the Godesburg surmounts on the hill of the same name sits but a little…

"A gift of Andrew Carnegie for the use of the Hague Tribunal and for international conferences."—Webster, 1920

The Peace Palace at the Hague

"A gift of Andrew Carnegie for the use of the Hague Tribunal and for international conferences."—Webster,…

The city of Hamburg, Germany.

Hamburg

The city of Hamburg, Germany.

A landmark of Heidelberg, the castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the Königstuhl. The earliest castle structure was built before 1214 and later expanded into two castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. In 1764, another lightning-bolt destroyed some rebuilt sections.

Entrance to Heidelberg Castle

A landmark of Heidelberg, the castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north…

Interior view of Heidelberg Castle with elaborately carved doorway and part of a courtyard.

Interior of Heidelberg Castle

Interior view of Heidelberg Castle with elaborately carved doorway and part of a courtyard.

View of the castle framed by an arch. A landmark of Heidelberg, the castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the Königstuhl. The earliest castle structure was built before 1214 and later expanded into two castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. In 1764, another lightning-bolt destroyed some rebuilt sections.

Heidelberg Castle Viewed from Terrace

View of the castle framed by an arch. A landmark of Heidelberg, the castle ruins are among the most…

Schloss Hohenaschau, is the dominating feature in the town of Aschau im Chiemgau in Bavaria. The huge castle was first built around 1165. This picturesque castle is situated on a hill, overlooking the Prien River. The rear facade of Schloss Hohenaschau, although not as ornate as the front side of the castle, is still quite impressive. From some views, the castle appears to grow directly out of a rock cliff.

Castle of Hohenaschau

Schloss Hohenaschau, is the dominating feature in the town of Aschau im Chiemgau in Bavaria. The huge…

The city of Hohkonigsburg.

Hohkonigsburg near Schlettstadt

The city of Hohkonigsburg.

Hotel De Ville was constructed about 1370 in the second half of the fourteenth century. Frescos at one time decorated it façade, some traces still visible in the latter part of the nineteenth century. The hotel is also referred to as the town hall, and is of Gothic architecture. In front of the Town Hall can be seen the beautiful fountain known as the Fischkasten (fish-tank) designed by Jörg Syrlin the Elder, 1482.

Hotel De Ville

Hotel De Ville was constructed about 1370 in the second half of the fourteenth century. Frescos at one…

A goatherd or a goat herder is a person who herds goats for a living. Similar to a shepherd who tends sheep for a living, the drover here herds goats. Shown here is a mountainous hut a typical living space for the goat herder. Selecting a place where large rocks have fallen, the goatherd places trunks of trees across the top, creating a roof. Over this he places boughs of green creating protection for his herd from rain or snow. A trait peculiar to a goat is their ability to foretell the approach of a storm. Herding a goat is much more difficult than herding sheep as, unlike sheep, goats do not have a herding instinct and each goat will tend to stray farther in search of better foliage and grass.

Goatherd's Hut

A goatherd or a goat herder is a person who herds goats for a living. Similar to a shepherd who tends…

Movable huts of early Germans

Huts

Movable huts of early Germans

Fair at Leipzig.

Leipzig

Fair at Leipzig.

The home of German monk, Martin Luther in Frankfurt.

Martin Luther's Home

The home of German monk, Martin Luther in Frankfurt.

Now known as Mainz Cathedral. Originally St. John's Church, then St. Salvator, consecrated in 911 by Archbishop Hatto I, served as the cathedral for the Bishop of Mainz until the appointment of Willigis as Archbishop of Mainz in 975.

Mayence Cathedral

Now known as Mainz Cathedral. Originally St. John's Church, then St. Salvator, consecrated in 911 by…

The museum located at the center of Berlin.

Museum at Berlin

The museum located at the center of Berlin.

A female German Nation Monument holding a crown.

German National Monument on the Niederwald

A female German Nation Monument holding a crown.

A market place in Nuremberg. Nuremberg, a city of the Middle Ages, is filled with works of art of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  Nuremberg is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and is Franconia's largest city. It is located about 170 kilometers north of Munich.

Nuremberg

A market place in Nuremberg. Nuremberg, a city of the Middle Ages, is filled with works of art of the…

Oberkirch is a manufacturing town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany about 12 km North-East of Offenburg and belongs to the Ortenaukreis district.

Town of Oberkirch

Oberkirch is a manufacturing town in Western Baden-Württemberg, Germany about 12 km North-East…

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps.The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is located 80 m (262 ft) up the northern part of the Königstuhl hillside, and thereby dominates the view of the old downtown. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the Königstuhl.The earliest castle structure was built before AD 1214 and later expanded into 2 castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. In 1764, another lightning-bolt destroyed some rebuilt sections."The Renaissance style was not employed in Germany before the middle of the sixteenth century, and the most noteworthy instances of it are the Belvedere of Ferdinand I., on the Hradschin at Prague, and the so-called Otto Henry buildings at Heidelberg Castle (1556-1559) The Façade of the last-mentioned structure, of which [this image] represents [a portion], in peculiar for a richness and variety of details which almost border on excess. At the same time a certain heaviness prevails, which forms a contrast to the graceful elegance of the best Italian buildings in the same style: in fact these faults may be said to characterize the productions of the German Renaissance style in general."

Façade of the Otto Heinrich Building in Heidelberg Castle

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and…

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps.The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is located 80 m (262 ft) up the northern part of the Königstuhl hillside, and thereby dominates the view of the old downtown. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the Königstuhl.The earliest castle structure was built before AD 1214 and later expanded into 2 castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. In 1764, another lightning-bolt destroyed some rebuilt sections."The Renaissance style was not employed in Germany before the middle of the sixteenth century, and the most noteworthy instances of it are the Belvedere of Ferdinand I., on the Hradschin at Prague, and the so-called Otto Henry buildings at Heidelberg Castle (1556-1559) The Façade of the last-mentioned structure, of which [this image] represents [a portion], in peculiar for a richness and variety of details which almost border on excess. At the same time a certain heaviness prevails, which forms a contrast to the graceful elegance of the best Italian buildings in the same style: in fact these faults may be said to characterize the productions of the German Renaissance style in general."

Façade of the Otto Heinrich Building in Heidelberg Castle

The Heidelberg Castle (in German language named: Heidelberger Schloss) is a famous ruin in Germany and…

The Pfaiz, or Pfalzgrafenstein, is a small pentagonal building, built by Louis the Bavarian as a convenient toll-house for waylaying passing vessels and exacting tribute from them.

Pfalz

The Pfaiz, or Pfalzgrafenstein, is a small pentagonal building, built by Louis the Bavarian as a convenient…

The Alte Pinakothek (Old Pinakothek) is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich, Germany. It is one of the oldest galleries of the world housing one of the most famous art museums for the old masters. The name (old Pinakothek) alludes to the time period covered by the art — the Neue Pinakothek covers 19th century art and the recently opened Pinakothek der Moderne exhibits modern art, all galleries are part of Munich's "Kunstareal" (the "art area").

Pinacothek

The Alte Pinakothek (Old Pinakothek) is an art museum situated in the Kunstareal in Munich, Germany.…

Strasbourg is a city in France. It is located near the German border and at one time was a part of the German Empire. The platform resides on the lower tower and can be reached by three hundred and sixty steps. Two watchmen are constantly on duty to give notice of fire in the city. As proof that one of them is always awake they are forced to ring the great bell every fifteen minutes.

Platform of Strassburg Cathedral

Strasbourg is a city in France. It is located near the German border and at one time was a part of the…

"Nikolai Kirche, Potsdam." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Potsdam

"Nikolai Kirche, Potsdam." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Ramparts or limes, defensive walls or fortifications constructed for defense of ancient cities or settlement from aggressors. Some constructed as early as the 1st century A.D. when the Romans conquered the land and defended their position there by constructing a rampart (limes). A limes (or the Limes Romanus) was a border defense of Ancient Rome. It marked the boundaries of the Roman Empire. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls.

Ramparts of Ulm

Ramparts or limes, defensive walls or fortifications constructed for defense of ancient cities or settlement…