239 illustrations of flowers and shrubs including: featherbells, featherfoil, finger flower, fireweed, flax, fleabane, forget-me-not, foxglove, fuirena, and fumitory

Compound flower anatomy. 11, capitulum of cornflower.

Capitulum

Compound flower anatomy. 11, capitulum of cornflower.

Fumitory, or Fumaria, is a genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the order Fumariaceae. The common fumitory of waste ground (F. officinalis) is a European species whose smoke was once thought useful for expelling evil spirits.

Common Fumitory

Fumitory, or Fumaria, is a genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the order Fumariaceae. The common…

The common name of fagus sylvatica is common beech. The male flowers have drooping heads. The female flowers grow two to four together.

Branchlet of Fagus Sylvatica with Male and Female Flowers

The common name of fagus sylvatica is common beech. The male flowers have drooping heads. The female…

Of the Pyrola family (Pyrolaceae), the false beech-drops (Monotropa Hypopitys).

False Beech-Drops

Of the Pyrola family (Pyrolaceae), the false beech-drops (Monotropa Hypopitys).

Of the false mermaid family (Limnanthaceae), the false mermaid (Floerkea prosperpinacoides).

False Mermaid

Of the false mermaid family (Limnanthaceae), the false mermaid (Floerkea prosperpinacoides).

The plant and fruit of the False Rue Anemone (Isopyrum biternatum). It is a flowering plant in the Ranunculaceae family of buttercups.

False Rue Anemone

The plant and fruit of the False Rue Anemone (Isopyrum biternatum). It is a flowering plant in the Ranunculaceae…

"7. a flower of Chenopodium album; 8. a section of the same, showing the superior ovary; 9. its seed cut through to show the embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Fat-Hen

"7. a flower of Chenopodium album; 8. a section of the same, showing the superior ovary; 9. its seed…

The leaves of the fatsia japonica shrub are a deep, shining green. The leaves are large and leathery. The shrub grows between three and five feet tall.

Fatsia Japonica

The leaves of the fatsia japonica shrub are a deep, shining green. The leaves are large and leathery.…

The flowers on the fatsia paprifera shrub are greenish and grow on drooping stems. This shrub grows between six and eight feet high.

Fatsia Paprifera

The flowers on the fatsia paprifera shrub are greenish and grow on drooping stems. This shrub grows…

Also known as Polygonum orientale. A flower that is commonly found in southeastern Asia and Australia. It consists of red drooping flowers and ovate leaves.

Prince's Feather

Also known as Polygonum orientale. A flower that is commonly found in southeastern Asia and Australia.…

Featherbells or Stenanthium gramineum.

Featherbells

Featherbells or Stenanthium gramineum.

Feathered hyacinth is the common name of <i>muscari comosum monstrosum</i>. It is also called fair haired or tasseled hyacinth and shredded lilac.

Feathered Hyacinth

Feathered hyacinth is the common name of muscari comosum monstrosum. It is also called fair haired or…

Of the Diapensia family (Diapensiaceae), the featherfoil (Hottonia inflata).

Featherfoil

Of the Diapensia family (Diapensiaceae), the featherfoil (Hottonia inflata).

Fedia cornucoplae has red flowers that grow in clusters. The stem is a purplish color. The plant grows six inches tall.

Flowering Branch of Fedia Cornucoplae

Fedia cornucoplae has red flowers that grow in clusters. The stem is a purplish color. The plant grows…

A shrub belonging to a widely distributed set of perennial herbs.

Thalictrum Fendleri

A shrub belonging to a widely distributed set of perennial herbs.

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species in the genus by most botanists). It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves, grows wild in most parts of temperate Europe, but is generally considered indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, whence it spreads eastwards to India and even in England in Bedfont Lakes Country Park and Thurrock . It has followed, especially where Romans have colonized, and may be found growing wild in many parts of the world upon dry soils near the sea-coast and upon river-banks. It is a member of the family Apiaceae. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses, and is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Mouse Moth and the Anise Swallowtail.

Fennel

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species…

The flowers of ferraria undulata are greenish brown. The leaves overlap and taper to a slim point.

Flowering Spike of Ferraria Undulata

The flowers of ferraria undulata are greenish brown. The leaves overlap and taper to a slim point.

Ferula Asafetida is a flowering plant, a herbaceous perennial plant.

Ferula

Ferula Asafetida is a flowering plant, a herbaceous perennial plant.

The common name of ferula is giant fennel. Ferula communis flowers are yellow. The height of the plant is between eight and twelve feet.

Ferula Communis

The common name of ferula is giant fennel. Ferula communis flowers are yellow. The height of the plant…

The common name of ferula is giant fennel. Ferula tingitana has yellow flowers. The plant grows between six and eight feet high.

Ferula Tingitana

The common name of ferula is giant fennel. Ferula tingitana has yellow flowers. The plant grows between…

Of the Composite family (Compositae), the feverfew (Chrysanthemum Parthenium).

Feverfew

Of the Composite family (Compositae), the feverfew (Chrysanthemum Parthenium).

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium; syn. Chrysanthemum parthenium) is a traditional medicinal herb which is found in many old gardens, and is also occasionally grown for ornament. The plant grows into a small bush up to around 18 inches high, with citrus-scented leaves and is covered by flowers reminiscent of daisies. It spreads rapidly, and they will cover a wide area after a few years. Feverfew has been used for reducing fever, for treating headaches, arthritis and digestive problems. It is hypothesized that by inhibiting the release of serotonin and prostaglandins, both of which are believed to aid the onset of migraines, feverfew limits the inflammation of blood vessels in the head. This would, in theory, stop the blood vessel spasm which is believed to contribute to headaches.

Feverfew

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium; syn. Chrysanthemum parthenium) is a traditional medicinal herb which…

Feverfew is the common name of chrysanthemum parthenium. It is a strong scented perennial and grows one to three feet tall. There are many small flower heads.

Feverfew

Feverfew is the common name of chrysanthemum parthenium. It is a strong scented perennial and grows…

Of the Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae), the feverwort (Triosteum perfoliatum).

Feverwort

Of the Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae), the feverwort (Triosteum perfoliatum).

"Branching fiber, from spiral vessels of Gourd (Cucurbita Pepo)." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Fiber

"Branching fiber, from spiral vessels of Gourd (Cucurbita Pepo)." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

A plant with bright yellow flowers and short stems. They tend to bloom between March and May in Europe.

Ranunculus Ficaria

A plant with bright yellow flowers and short stems. They tend to bloom between March and May in Europe.

An illustration of the inflorescence of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils, avoiding heavy soils, and flowers between July and September. The flowered head is flatter than similar species Devils bit scabious and Small Scabious. There are 4 stamens in each flower, and 1 notched long stigma. The fruit is nut like, cylindrical and hairy, 5-6mm in size. It has a tap root. The stem has long stiff hairs angled downwards. There are no stipules. The leaves form a basal rosette, are paired on the stem, the lowest typically 300mm long, spear shaped, whereas the upper are smaller.

Inflorescence of Field Scabious

An illustration of the inflorescence of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field…

An illustration of a ray-floret of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils, avoiding heavy soils, and flowers between July and September. The flowered head is flatter than similar species Devils bit scabious and Small Scabious. There are 4 stamens in each flower, and 1 notched long stigma. The fruit is nut like, cylindrical and hairy, 5-6mm in size. It has a tap root. The stem has long stiff hairs angled downwards. There are no stipules. The leaves form a basal rosette, are paired on the stem, the lowest typically 300mm long, spear shaped, whereas the upper are smaller.

Ray-floret of Field Scabious

An illustration of a ray-floret of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious,…

An illustration of a ray-floret of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils, avoiding heavy soils, and flowers between July and September. The flowered head is flatter than similar species Devils bit scabious and Small Scabious. There are 4 stamens in each flower, and 1 notched long stigma. The fruit is nut like, cylindrical and hairy, 5-6mm in size. It has a tap root. The stem has long stiff hairs angled downwards. There are no stipules. The leaves form a basal rosette, are paired on the stem, the lowest typically 300mm long, spear shaped, whereas the upper are smaller.

Ray-floret of Field Scabious

An illustration of a ray-floret of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious,…

An illustration of the seed of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils, avoiding heavy soils, and flowers between July and September. The flowered head is flatter than similar species Devils bit scabious and Small Scabious. There are 4 stamens in each flower, and 1 notched long stigma. The fruit is nut like, cylindrical and hairy, 5-6mm in size. It has a tap root. The stem has long stiff hairs angled downwards. There are no stipules. The leaves form a basal rosette, are paired on the stem, the lowest typically 300mm long, spear shaped, whereas the upper are smaller.

Seed of Field Scabious

An illustration of the seed of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious,…

An illustration of the young inflorescence of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as Field Scabious, is a species in the genus Knautia. It is a perennial plant that grows between 25 and 100 cm. It prefers grassy places and dry soils, avoiding heavy soils, and flowers between July and September. The flowered head is flatter than similar species Devils bit scabious and Small Scabious. There are 4 stamens in each flower, and 1 notched long stigma. The fruit is nut like, cylindrical and hairy, 5-6mm in size. It has a tap root. The stem has long stiff hairs angled downwards. There are no stipules. The leaves form a basal rosette, are paired on the stem, the lowest typically 300mm long, spear shaped, whereas the upper are smaller.

Young Inflorescence of Field Scabious

An illustration of the young inflorescence of the field scabious. Knautia arvensis, commonly known as…

A fig commonly seen in Adriatica; a body of water separating the Italian peninsula from the Balkan.

Adriatic Fig

A fig commonly seen in Adriatica; a body of water separating the Italian peninsula from the Balkan.

This is a classification of type of fruit.

Fig, with Male and Female Flowers

This is a classification of type of fruit.

Of the figwort family (Scrophulariaceae), the figwort (Scrophularia marilandica).

Figwort

Of the figwort family (Scrophulariaceae), the figwort (Scrophularia marilandica).

This illustration shows a Figwort, a member of the genus Scrophularia. It has the characteristic features of  a five-lobed calyx, a nearly globose corolla (the upper lip of which is two-lobed and the lower three-lobed), and a capsule opening with two valves, the edges of which are turned in. The illustration also shows 1) a cross section of a flower, and 2) fruit.

Figwort

This illustration shows a Figwort, a member of the genus Scrophularia. It has the characteristic features…

"The inflorescence of Maryland Figwort (Scrophularia Marylandica). a, the flower; b, the fruit; c, a seed; d, a leaf." -Whitney, 1911

Maryland Figwort

"The inflorescence of Maryland Figwort (Scrophularia Marylandica). a, the flower; b, the fruit; c, a…

Yucca with long tough leaves, commonly used for medicinal purposes.

Yucca Filamentosa

Yucca with long tough leaves, commonly used for medicinal purposes.

Filbert is a shrub that produces nuts, similar to the hazelnut. Filberts can be distinguished by the extension beyond the point of the enclosed nut.

Fruiting Branchlet of Filbert

Filbert is a shrub that produces nuts, similar to the hazelnut. Filberts can be distinguished by the…

In the early spring the pollen-bearing catkins appear before the female flowers. A shows the male catkins, B shows the sessile female flowers.

Leafless Twig of Filbert

In the early spring the pollen-bearing catkins appear before the female flowers. A shows the male catkins,…

Filbert, hazel, and cobnut are all the common names of corylus. Illustrated are winter catkins of the plant.

Winter Catkins of Filbert

Filbert, hazel, and cobnut are all the common names of corylus. Illustrated are winter catkins of the…

Palm native to Arizona and Nevada.

Washingtonia Filifera

Palm native to Arizona and Nevada.

Ferns with strap fronds, a grass like leaf.

Vittaria Filifolia

Ferns with strap fronds, a grass like leaf.

A younger version of Polypodium tenellum. It is woody and wide-creeping when young.

Polypodium Filipes

A younger version of Polypodium tenellum. It is woody and wide-creeping when young.

Style swollen at base but the swollen base not persistent on achene.

Fimbristylis

Style swollen at base but the swollen base not persistent on achene.

"Cheiranthera linearis; 2. its pistil and stamens; 3. a cross section of its ovary; 4. a seed of Pittosporum undulatum, cut across to show the minute embryo." -Lindley, 1853

Finger Flower

"Cheiranthera linearis; 2. its pistil and stamens; 3. a cross section of its ovary; 4. a seed of Pittosporum…

Of the Composite family (Compositae), the fireweed (Erechtites hieracifolia).

Fireweed

Of the Composite family (Compositae), the fireweed (Erechtites hieracifolia).

The habit of fittonia gigantea is branching and erect. The flowers are pale red. The leaves are broad with red veins.

Fittonia Gigantea

The habit of fittonia gigantea is branching and erect. The flowers are pale red. The leaves are broad…

Diagram of a shoot with its leaves 5-ranked, with a spiral line drawn from the attachment of one leaf to the next, and so only the parts on the side turned from the eye are fainter.

Five-ranked

Diagram of a shoot with its leaves 5-ranked, with a spiral line drawn from the attachment of one leaf…

A ground-plan of the 5-ranked shoot; the section of the leaves; a dotted line drawn from the edge of one leaf to that of the next marks out the spiral.

Five-ranked

A ground-plan of the 5-ranked shoot; the section of the leaves; a dotted line drawn from the edge of…

The flax plant supplied the threads required for the linen manufactured into clothing before cotton became popular.

flax

The flax plant supplied the threads required for the linen manufactured into clothing before cotton…

The Common Flax flower, of the Order Linaceae.

Flax

The Common Flax flower, of the Order Linaceae.

Flax is used commercially to produce linen due to its heavy fiber content.

Flax

Flax is used commercially to produce linen due to its heavy fiber content.

Flax is used commercially to produce linen due to its heavy fiber content.

Flax

Flax is used commercially to produce linen due to its heavy fiber content.

A small flax plant.

Flax

A small flax plant.

Flax (also known as common flax or linseed) (binomial name: Linum usitatissimum) is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. It is native to the region extending from the eastern Mediterranean to India and was probably first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent. Flax is an erect annual plant growing to 1.2 m tall, with slender stems. The leaves are glaucous green, slender lanceolate, 20&ndash;40 mm long and 3 mm broad. The flowers are pure pale blue, 15&ndash;25 mm diameter, with five petals; they can also be bright red. The fruit is a round, dry capsule 5&ndash;9 mm diameter, containing several glossy brown seeds shaped like an apple pip, 4&ndash;7 mm long.

Flax

Flax (also known as common flax or linseed) (binomial name: Linum usitatissimum) is a member of the…

The flax plant supplies the thread required for linen manufacturing.

Flax Plant

The flax plant supplies the thread required for linen manufacturing.

"The most common variety of the flax plant has a very slender erect stem, two or three feet high, branching only near the top, so as to form a loose corymb of flowers." -Lupton

Flax Plant

"The most common variety of the flax plant has a very slender erect stem, two or three feet high, branching…

Section lengthwise of flax seed cut half away, bringing contained embryo into view.

Flax Pod Cut in Half

Section lengthwise of flax seed cut half away, bringing contained embryo into view.

Of the Figwort family (Scrophulariaceae), the blue toad flax (Linaria Canadensis).

Blue Toad Flax

Of the Figwort family (Scrophulariaceae), the blue toad flax (Linaria Canadensis).

Of the flax family (Linaceae), common flax or Linum usitatissimum.

Common Flax

Of the flax family (Linaceae), common flax or Linum usitatissimum.