This human anatomy ClipArt gallery offers 140 illustrations of the peripheral nervous system, which includes the nervous structures not included in the central nervous system such as peripheral nerves that extend from the spine through the torso and limbs.

Section passes through the musculospiral nerve (N. radialis) as it runs behind the humerus.

Cross Section of Arm Through Musculospiral Nerve

Section passes through the musculospiral nerve (N. radialis) as it runs behind the humerus.

The posterior all of the axilla and the front of the arm (biceps being divided).

Muscles and Nerves of the Arm

The posterior all of the axilla and the front of the arm (biceps being divided).

"Superficial arteries and nerves of the face and neck. 1, Temporal artery; 2, artery behind the ear; 3, occipital artery; 4, greater occipital nerve; 5, smaller occipital nerve; 6, nerve of the neck; 7, trapezius muscle; 8, clavicular nerves; 9, clavicle; 10, sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle; 11, outer artery of the head; 12, inner artery of the head; 13, salivary gland; 14, nerves of the lower jaw; 15, outer maxillary artery; 16, nerve of the chin; 17, circular muscle of the mouth; 18, greater yoke muscle; 19, nerves below the eye; 20, masseter, or chewing muscle; 21, ear passage; 22, arteries of the forehead; 23; nerves of the forehead; 24, eye-closing muscle; 25, facial artery; 26, facial nerve." -Foster, 1921

Arteries and Nerves

"Superficial arteries and nerves of the face and neck. 1, Temporal artery; 2, artery behind the ear;…

Upper and middle trunks of the brachial plexus viewed from behind to show how depression of the shoulder or lateral abduction of the head may produce stretching and injury of the nerve cords.

Brachial Plexus

Upper and middle trunks of the brachial plexus viewed from behind to show how depression of the shoulder…

Plan of the brachial plexus.

Brachial Plexus

Plan of the brachial plexus.

The constitution of the cardiac plexuses. Labels: Sy, cervical sympathetic cord; C.1, superior cervical ganglia; C.2, middle cervical ganglia; C.3, inferior cervical ganglia; Car.1, superior sympathetic branch; Car.2, middle sympathetic branch; Car.3, inferior cardiac sympathetic branch; Va, pneumogastric nerve; R.L, recurrent laryngeal nerve; s, superior cervical cardiact branch of vagus; i, inferior cardiac branch of vagus; D.C.P, deep cardiac plexus; S.C.P, superficial cardiac plexus, A.P.P, anterior pulmonary plexus; P.P.P, posterior pulmonary plexus; R.Car.P, right coronary plexus; L.Car.P, left coronary plexus; Art.Pul, pulmonary artery.

Cardiac Plexuses

The constitution of the cardiac plexuses. Labels: Sy, cervical sympathetic cord; C.1, superior cervical…

The cervical and brachial nerve plexuses of the left side of the body.

Cervical and Brachial Nerve Plexuses

The cervical and brachial nerve plexuses of the left side of the body.

The plan of the cervical and brachial plexuses (nerves), somewhat simplified.

Cervical and Brachial Plexuses (Nerves)

The plan of the cervical and brachial plexuses (nerves), somewhat simplified.

Plan of the cervical plexus.

Cervical Plexus

Plan of the cervical plexus.

Little, elongated oval bodies, situated on some of the cerebro-spinal and sympathetic nerves.

Pacinian Corpuscle

Little, elongated oval bodies, situated on some of the cerebro-spinal and sympathetic nerves.

The fifth cranial nerve. Labels: 1, orbit; 2, antrum of Highmore; 3, tongue; 4, lower jaw; 5, Casserian ganglion; 6, first branch of fifth; 7, second; 8, third; 9, frontal branch; 10, lacrymal branch; 11, nasal branch; 122, internal nasal nerve; 13, external nasal; 14, external and internal frontal nerve; 15, infra-orbital; 16, posterior dental branches; 17, middle dental; 18, anterior dental; 19, terminating branches infra-orbital nerve; 20, orbital branch; 21, ptyregoid nerve; 22, five anterior branches; 23, lingual branch; 24, inferior dental; 25, mental branches; 26, superficial temporal nerve; 27, auricular branches; 28, mylo-hyoid.

Fifth Cranial Nerve

The fifth cranial nerve. Labels: 1, orbit; 2, antrum of Highmore; 3, tongue; 4, lower jaw; 5, Casserian…

Deep origins of cranial nerves from the fourth ventricle.

Cranial Nerves

Deep origins of cranial nerves from the fourth ventricle.

The cranial nerves (nervi cerebrales).

The Cranial Nerves

The cranial nerves (nervi cerebrales).

"The cranial nerves are thus arranged in pairs: 1, olfactory nerves, special nerves of smell; 2, optic nerves, passing to each eyeball, devoted to sight; 3, 4, and 6 control the muscles fo the eyes; 5, trifacial in three branches, which proceed mainly to the face, partly sensory and partly motor; 7, facial nerves, controlling the facial muscles; 8, auditory, or nerves of hearing; 9, glossopharyngeal nerves, partly sensory and partly motor: each nerve contains two roots, one a nerve of taste, the other a motor nerve, which controls the muscles engaged in swallowing; 10, pneumogastric nerves; 11, spinal accessory nerves, supplying some of the muscles of the neck and back; 12, hypoglossal nerves, controlling the movements of the tongue in speech and swallowing." — Blaisedell, 1904

Distribution of the cranial nerves

"The cranial nerves are thus arranged in pairs: 1, olfactory nerves, special nerves of smell; 2, optic…

Diagram of the cranial nerves, 1-4 (Olfactory, Optic, Motor Oculi, and Trochlear).

The Cranial Nerves

Diagram of the cranial nerves, 1-4 (Olfactory, Optic, Motor Oculi, and Trochlear).

Diagram of the 5th cranial nerve (the trigeminus).

The Cranial Nerves

Diagram of the 5th cranial nerve (the trigeminus).

Diagram of the cranial nerves 9, 10, and 11 (glosso-pharyngeal, pneumogastric, and spinal accessory).

The Cranial Nerves

Diagram of the cranial nerves 9, 10, and 11 (glosso-pharyngeal, pneumogastric, and spinal accessory).

Diagram of the cranial nerves 6, 8, and 12 (Abducens, Auditory, and Hypoglossal).

The Cranial Nerves

Diagram of the cranial nerves 6, 8, and 12 (Abducens, Auditory, and Hypoglossal).

The ninth, tenth, and eleventh cranial nerves. Labels: 1, Gasserian ganglion; 2, internal carotid; 3, pharyngeal branch of pneumogastric; 4, glosso-pharyngeal; 5, lingual; 6, spinal accessory; 7, middle constrictor of pharynx; 8, internal jugular vein; 9, superior laryngeal nerve; 10, ganglion of pneumogastric, 11, hypoglossal; 12, ditto communicating with eighth and first cervical; 13, external laryngeal; 14, second cervical; 15, pharyngeal plexus; 16, superior cervical ganglion; 17, superior cardiac nerve; 18, third cervical; 19, thyroid body; 20, fourth cervical; 21, recurrent laryngeal; 22, spinal accessory; 23, trachea 24, middle cervical ganglion; 25, middle cardiac nerve; 26, phrenic; 27, left carotid; 28, bronchial plexus; 29, phrenic; 30, inferior cervical ganglion; 31, pulmonary plexus; 32, aorta; 33, esophageal plexus; 34, vena axygos superior; 35, vena azygos minor; 36, gangliated cord of sympathetic.

The Ninths, Tenth, and Eleventh Cranial Nerves

The ninth, tenth, and eleventh cranial nerves. Labels: 1, Gasserian ganglion; 2, internal carotid; 3,…

The distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the trunk.

Cutaneous Nerves

The distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the trunk.

Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Anterior view.

Anterior View of Cutaneous Nerves of the Arm

Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Anterior view.

Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Posterior view.

Posterior View of Cutaneous Nerves of the Arm

Cutaneous nerves of right upper extremity. Posterior view.

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the lower legs. On the one side the distribution of the several nerves is represented the letters indicating their nomenclature. Labels: L.1, 2, 3, S.1, 2, 3, posterior primary division of lumbar and sacral nerves: I.H, iliohypgastric; T.12, lateral and posterior branches of the last thoracic nerve; A.Co1, posterior sacrococcygeal nerve; A.Co2, anterior sacro-coccygeal nerve; PERF., perforating cutaneous nerve; S.Sc, small sciatic; E.C, external cutaneous; OBT, obturator; I.C, internal cutaneous; E.P.S, sural branches of peroneal; I.S., internal saphenous; E.S, external saphenous; M.C, musculocutaneous; CALC, calcanean branch of posterior tibial; I.P, internal plantar; E.P. external plantar nerve. On the other side a schematic representation is given of the areas supplied by the above nerves, the letters indicating the spinal origin of the branches of distribution to each area.

Cutaneous Nerves of the Back Legs

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the lower legs. On the one side the distribution of…

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the right upper extremity. The figure at the right shows the area of distribution of the cutaneous nerves. The letters and numeral in the figure at the left indicate spinal origin of the nerves distributed to each area.

Cutaneous Nerves of the Back of the Arm

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the right upper extremity. The figure at the right shows…

Distribution of cutaneous nerves.

Cutaneous Nerves of the Body

Distribution of cutaneous nerves.

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the right superior extremity. The figure at the right shows the areas of distribution of the cutaneous nerves. The letters and numerals in the figure at the left indicate the spinal origin of the nerves distributed to each area.

Cutaneous Nerves of the Front of the Arm

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the right superior extremity. The figure at the right…

The distribution of cutaneous nerves n the back of the trunk. On the left side the distribution of the several nerves is represented, the letters indicating their nomenclature. ACR.; Posterior supraclavicular branches from cervical plexus; CIRC: Cutaneous branches of axillary nerve; E.C.: Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, L.1: Lateral cutaneous branch of iliohypogastric nerve; S.1; Lateral branches of sacral nerves; T: T.1-12: Cutaneous branches of the posterior rami of the thoracic nerves. On the right side is a schematic representation of the areas supplied by the above nerves, the numeral and letter s indicate the spinal origins of the nerves distributed to each area.

Posterior View of the Cutaneous Nerves of Trunk

The distribution of cutaneous nerves n the back of the trunk. On the left side the distribution of the…

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the right lower extremity. The figure at the right shows the areas of distribution of the cutaneous nerves. The letters and numerals in the figure at the left indicate spinal origins of the nerves distributed to each area.

Cutaneous Nerves on the Back of the Legs

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the back of the right lower extremity. The figure at the right shows…

The distribution of the cutaneous nerves on the back of the trunk. On one side the distribution of the several nerves is represented, the letters indicating their nomenclature. Labels: G.O (C.2), great occipital; C.3, least occipital; T.1, et seq., posterior primary division of thoracic nerves; L.1, et seq., posterior primary divisions of first three lumbar nerves; S.1, et seq., posterior primary division of sacral nerves; Acr, acromial branches from cervical plexus; T.2-12, lateral branches of nerve; E.C, external cutaneous nerve; S.Sc, small sciatic nerve. One the other side a schematic representation is given of the areas supplied by the above nerves, the numeral indicating the spinal origin of the branches of distribution to each area.

Distribution of Cutaneous Nerves on the Back

The distribution of the cutaneous nerves on the back of the trunk. On one side the distribution of the…

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the right lower extremity. The figure at the right shows the areas of distribution of the cutaneous nerves. The letters and numeral in the figure at the left indicate spinal origin of the nerves distributed to each area.

Cutaneous Nerves on the Front of the Legs

Distribution of cutaneous nerves on the front of the right lower extremity. The figure at the right…

Nerves of the face and scalp. Labels: 1, attrahensaurem; 2, anterior belly occipito-frontalis; 3, auriculo-temporal nerve; 4, temporal branches of facial nerves; 5, attolens aurem; 6, supra-trochlea; 7, posterior belly occipito-frontalis; 8, supra-orbital; 9, retrahens aurem; 10, temporal branch of orbital nerve; 11, small occipital nerve; 12, malar branches of facial nerve; 13, posterior auricular nerve; 14, malar branch of orbital; 15, great occipital; 16, infra-orbital branches; 17, facial nerve; 18, nasal nerve; 19, cervico-facial division of facial; 20, infra-orbital branches; 17, facial nerve; 18, nasal nerve; 19, cervico-facial division of facial; 20, infra orbital nerve; 21, branches to digastric and stylo-hyoid; 22, temporo-facial division; 23, great auricular; 24, buccal branches of facial; 25, trapezius; 26, buccinator nerve; 27, splenius capitis; 28, masseter; 29, sterno-mastoid; 30, supra-maxillary branches of facial nerve; 31, superficial cervical nerve; 32, mental nerve; 33, platysma; 34, infra-maxillary branches of facial nerves.

Nerves of the Face and Scalp

Nerves of the face and scalp. Labels: 1, attrahensaurem; 2, anterior belly occipito-frontalis; 3, auriculo-temporal…

"Some nerves of the face." —Davison, 1910

Nerves of the face

"Some nerves of the face." —Davison, 1910

Nerves of the head, face, and neck.

Nerves of the Face

Nerves of the head, face, and neck.

"(1) The facial nerve at its emergence from stylo-mastoid foramen; (2) temporal branches communicating with (3) the frontal branches of the fifth or trifacial nerve; (4) infraorbital branches communicating with (5) the infra-orbital branches of the fifth nerve; (6) maxillary branches communicating with (7) the mental branch of the fifth nerve; (8) cervico-facial branches; (9) the spinal accessory nerve giving off a branch to the trapezius muscles." — Winston's Encyclopedia, 1919

Facial Nerve

"(1) The facial nerve at its emergence from stylo-mastoid foramen; (2) temporal branches communicating…

Diagram of the intrapontine course pursued by the facial nerve.

Facial Nerve

Diagram of the intrapontine course pursued by the facial nerve.

The distribution of nerves on the side of the face.

Facial Nerves

The distribution of nerves on the side of the face.

Plan of the facial and intermediate nerves and their communication with other nerves.

Facial Nerves

Plan of the facial and intermediate nerves and their communication with other nerves.

"Distribution of nerves on the side of the face." — Richardson, 1906

Facial Nerves

"Distribution of nerves on the side of the face." — Richardson, 1906

The nerves of the finger.

Finger

The nerves of the finger.

The plantar fascia and plantar cutaneous nerves.

Nerves of the Foot

The plantar fascia and plantar cutaneous nerves.

Scheme of distribution of the plantar nerves. Labels: I.P1, internal plantar nerve, and its cutaneous and muscular branches; F.B.D, flexor brevis digitorum; Abd.H, abductor hallucis; F.B.H., flexor brevis hallucis; L.I., first lumbricalis; E.Pl., external plantar nerve, and its cutaneous and muscular branches; Acc., accessorius, Abd.m.d, abductor minimi digiti; F.B.M.D, flexor brevis minimi digiti; R.P., ramus profundus.

Plantar Nerves of the Foot

Scheme of distribution of the plantar nerves. Labels: I.P1, internal plantar nerve, and its cutaneous…

View of the nerves on the back part of the forearm and hand.

Nerves of the Forearm and Hand

View of the nerves on the back part of the forearm and hand.

The geniculate ganglion, one of the ganglia of the cranial nerves.

The Geniculate Ganglion

The geniculate ganglion, one of the ganglia of the cranial nerves.

"Nerves of the had. 1, Nerves of the skin; 2, tendons; 3, arteries of the palm of the hand; 4, elbow nerve; 5, elbow artery; 6, nerve of the forearm; 7, nerve of the under-arm; 8, artery of the under-arm." -Foster, 1921

Hand Nerves

"Nerves of the had. 1, Nerves of the skin; 2, tendons; 3, arteries of the palm of the hand; 4, elbow…

Distribution of sensory nerves to the head and neck. Labels: Ophth, ophthalmic division of the fifth nerve; St, supratrochlear branch; S.O, supra-orbital branch; I.T, infratrochlear branch; L, lachrymal branch; N, external nasal branch; Sup.Max, superior maxillary division; T, temporal branch; M, malar branch; I.O, infra-orbital branch; Inf.Max, inferior maxillary branch; M, mental branch; C2, 3, branches of the second and third cervical nervs; G.O, great occipital nerve; S.O, small occipital nerve; G.A, great auricle nerve; S.C, superficial cervical nerve; C3, least occipital nerve; 4, 5, 6, posterior primary division of 4th, 5th, 6th cervical nerve.

Sensory Nerves to the Head and Neck

Distribution of sensory nerves to the head and neck. Labels: Ophth, ophthalmic division of the fifth…

Cutaneous nerve areas of the head and neck.

Surface Areas of Nerves of the Head and Neck

Cutaneous nerve areas of the head and neck.

A frontal view of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity.

Leg Nerves

A frontal view of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity.

A frontal view of the nerves of the right lower extremity.

Leg Nerves

A frontal view of the nerves of the right lower extremity.

A posterior view of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity.

Leg Nerves

A posterior view of the cutaneous nerves of the right lower extremity.

A posterior view of the nerves of the right lower extremity.

Leg Nerves

A posterior view of the nerves of the right lower extremity.

Cutaneous nerve supply of legs. Anterior aspect. 1, ilioinguinal; 2, genitocrural; 3, external cutaneous; 4, middle cutaneous; 5, internal cutaneous; 6, patellar plexus; 7, branches of external popliteal; 8, internal saphenous; 9, musculocutaneous; 10, external saphenous; 11, anterior tibial. Posterior aspect. 1, 2, and 3, Small sciatic; 4, external cutaneous; 5, internal cutaneous; 6, internal saphenous; 7, branches of external popliteal; 8, short saphenous; 9, posterior tibial; 10, internal saphenous; 11, internal plantar; 12, external plantar.

Nerve Supply of Legs

Cutaneous nerve supply of legs. Anterior aspect. 1, ilioinguinal; 2, genitocrural; 3, external cutaneous;…

Plan of the lumbar and sacral plexuses.

Lumbar and Sacral Plexuses

Plan of the lumbar and sacral plexuses.

The lumbar plexus is formed by the loops of communication between the anterior divisions of the four upper lumbar nerves. Shown is a diagram of the lumbar plexus.

Lumbar Plexus

The lumbar plexus is formed by the loops of communication between the anterior divisions of the four…

The plan of the lumbosacral plexus (nerves).

Lumbosacral Plexus (Nerves)

The plan of the lumbosacral plexus (nerves).

Scheme of the course and distribution of the inferior maxillary nerve. Labels: V.I.M, inferior maxillary nerve; S, afferent root; Mo, efferent root; M, meningeal branch; O.G, otic ganglion; I.Pt, nerve to internal oterygoid; S.S.P, small superficial petrosal nerve; T.T, nerves to tensor typano, T.P, tensor palati; Ty.Plex, tympanic plexus, G.Ph, glossopharyngeal nerve; M.M, middle menigeal artery; A.T, auriculotemporal nerve; F, communication with facial nerve; Par, nerve to parotid gland; Me, branch to meatus of ear; Pi, branch to pinna; T, temporal muscle; Bucc, buccinator muscle; Po, posterior division of inferior maxillary nerve; L, lingual nerve; C.t, chorda tympani nerve; Sub.G, submaxillary ganglion; Hy, hypoglossal nerve; I.D, inferior dental nerve; My.hy, mylohyoid nerve; My, nerve to mylohyoid; Di, nerve to digastric (anterior belly); Ment, mental branch; Sty.Gl, styloglossus; H.Gl, styloglossus; H.G1, hyo-glossus; G.H.G, geniohyoglossus muscles.

Inferior Maxillary Nerve

Scheme of the course and distribution of the inferior maxillary nerve. Labels: V.I.M, inferior maxillary…

Scheme of the course and distribution of the superior maxillary nerve. Labels: Rec, recurrent branch in the middle fossa of the skull; M.G, Meckel's ganglion in the sphenomaxillary fossa; S.P, sphenopalatine nerves; S.N, superior nsal branch; Orb, orbital nerve; T, temporal branch; M, malar branch; I.O, infra-orbital nerve, appearing on the face; P, palpebral; N, nasal branch; L, labial branch; A.D, anterior dental branch; M.D, middle dental branch; N.P, nasopalatine nerve; P.D, posterior dental branch; I.N, inferior nasal branch; L.P.P, large posterior palatine nerve, Vid, vidian nerve; Pt.Pal, pterygopalatine branch.

Superior Maxillary Nerve

Scheme of the course and distribution of the superior maxillary nerve. Labels: Rec, recurrent branch…

Innervation of the nasal cavity.

Nerves of the Nasal Cavity

Innervation of the nasal cavity.

Triangles of the neck (nerves).

Neck, Nerves of

Triangles of the neck (nerves).

Scheme to show the connection between the neuron of the posterior root and the neuron of the anterior root.

Connection of the Neoron of the Posterior Root and the Neoron of the Anterior Root

Scheme to show the connection between the neuron of the posterior root and the neuron of the anterior…

Nerve areas of the face and scalp. Labels: A, Distribution of the first division of the fifth cranial nerve; A' nasal branch; A", supratrochlear A''', supraorbital; B, Distribution of the second division; B', infraorbital branch; B", malar branch; B"', temporal branch; C, Distribution of third division: C', mental branch; C", buccal branch; C"', auriculotemporal.

Nerve Areas of the Face and Scalp

Nerve areas of the face and scalp. Labels: A, Distribution of the first division of the fifth cranial…