The Cellular Botany ClipArt gallery offers 291 illustrations of plant tissue at the cellular level, illustrations of cell division, and examples of individual pollen grains.

"Formation of endosperm in the embryo-sac of Agrimonia Eupatorium. Cell-walls are being formed between the nuclei." -Stevens, 1916

A. Eupatorium Cell

"Formation of endosperm in the embryo-sac of Agrimonia Eupatorium. Cell-walls are being formed between…

Adenoid or retiform tissue consists of a very delicate network of minute fibrils, formed originally by the union of processes of branched connective-tissue corpuscles, the nuclei of which, however, are visible only during the early periods of development of the tissue. Shown is part of a section of a lymphatic gland from which the corpuscles have been for the most part removed, showing the adenoid reticulumn.

Section of the Lymphatic Gland Showing the Adenoid Reticulumn

Adenoid or retiform tissue consists of a very delicate network of minute fibrils, formed originally…

"Showing at f the felty body covering the passage way through the exodermis of the aerial root of Sobralia macrantha." -Stevens, 1916

S. Macrantha Aerial Root

"Showing at f the felty body covering the passage way through the exodermis of the aerial root of Sobralia…

"Portion of cross section through an aerial root of Stanhopea oculata. h, the velamen; i, exodermis; j, cortex; k, endodermis." -Stevens, 1916

S. Oculata Aerial Root

"Portion of cross section through an aerial root of Stanhopea oculata. h, the velamen; i, exodermis;…

A magnified portion of an apple leaf. It shows many small sacks grown together. Each of these sacks is a cell.

Apple Leaf

A magnified portion of an apple leaf. It shows many small sacks grown together. Each of these sacks…

Illustrated is the fruiting body of the apple scab fungi showing the spores.

Apple Scab

Illustrated is the fruiting body of the apple scab fungi showing the spores.

"Portions of the rotting pulp were placed on a microscopic slide, divided into hundredths and thousandths of an inch. Fig. 21, A B, represents such a scale, the larger division, A B, representing the one-hundredth of an inch, and the smaller subdivision the one-thousandth of an inch; 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, represent the cells of which the apples are mostly composed. The granular dottings represent apple starch. The branching cellular structure represents the mycelium of a fungus penetrating the cells. At 9, three small starch granuals are represented in a line, and are confined within the division of the one-thousandth of an inch." -Watts, 1874

Microscopic view of a fermented apple

"Portions of the rotting pulp were placed on a microscopic slide, divided into hundredths and thousandths…

"Section of Bamboo, showing an angular network of cells, and the round apertures of pitted vessels." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Bamboo

"Section of Bamboo, showing an angular network of cells, and the round apertures of pitted vessels."…

"Diagram to show different plans in the distribution of bast fibers. A, bast a continuous cylinder in the pericycle; B, isolated strands of bast in the cortex and in the pericycle in front of each vascular bundle; C, a combination of A and B." -Stevens, 1916

Bast Fibers

"Diagram to show different plans in the distribution of bast fibers. A, bast a continuous cylinder in…

Developmental stages of bast fibers: "1 and 2, cross and longitudinal sections of primary meristem cells that are to become bast fibers." -Stevens, 1916

Bast Fibers 1 and 2

Developmental stages of bast fibers: "1 and 2, cross and longitudinal sections of primary meristem cells…

Developmental stages of bast fibers: 3 and 4, cross and longitudinal sections of meristem cells becoming bast fibers.

Bast Fibers 3 and 4

Developmental stages of bast fibers: 3 and 4, cross and longitudinal sections of meristem cells becoming…

Developmental stages of bast fibers: "5, longitudinal section of completed bast fibers. In 5 the stippling of the wall indicates lignification. Note that the walls have become pitted and the protoplasts have disappeared from the fibers." -Stevens, 1916

Bast Fibers 5

Developmental stages of bast fibers: "5, longitudinal section of completed bast fibers. In 5 the stippling…

Magnified view of a portion of a transverse slice of stem of Calla Lily. The great spaces are tubular air-channels built up by the cells.

Calla Lily

Magnified view of a portion of a transverse slice of stem of Calla Lily. The great spaces are tubular…

"Transverse section of an open fibro-vascular bundle. c, cambium; cb, continuation of cambium between the fibro-vascular bundles; g, large pitted vessels; t, smaller pitted vessels and spiral vessels intermixed with wood-cells; y, inner phloem layers; bm bast fibers; m is the parenchyma of the pith; r, is the cortical parenchyma. Immediately external to the bark lies the bundle sheath of cells filled with starch." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Cambium

"Transverse section of an open fibro-vascular bundle. c, cambium; cb, continuation of cambium between…

With a cellular-like surface.

Cancellate

With a cellular-like surface.

"Scleroderris fuliginosa. a, immature ascocarps ... S. fuliginosa is said to be parasitic on twigs and branches of willows in Europe and North America." -Whitney, 1911

Willow Canker

"Scleroderris fuliginosa. a, immature ascocarps ... S. fuliginosa is said to be parasitic on twigs and…

"Scleroderris fuliginosa. b, ascus containing spores and accompanied by paraphyses ... S. fuliginosa is said to be parasitic on twigs and branches of willows in Europe and North America." -Whitney, 1911

Willow Canker

"Scleroderris fuliginosa. b, ascus containing spores and accompanied by paraphyses ... S. fuliginosa…

"Canna Starch." -Bergen, 1896

Canna Starch

"Canna Starch." -Bergen, 1896

"The castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis). Portion of cross-section of young stem. co, Cortex; p, pith or medulla; e, epidermis; ph, phloem; ca, cambium; x, xylem. The last three elements compose the fibro-vascular bundle, the cambium being continuous from bundle to bundle; the portion between the bundles is called interfascicular cambium." -Gager, 1916

Castor-Oil Plant Stem

"The castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis). Portion of cross-section of young stem. co, Cortex; p, pith…

First developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "A, a and b, two rows of procambial cells; in c and d, a has divided longitudinal and c is to become companion cells; d, a sieve tube, and b, phloem parenchyma." -Stevens, 1916

Plant Cell Development 1

First developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "A, a and b, two rows…

Second developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "B, c, companion cells, and d, a beginning sieve tube from c and d, respectively in A. The cross-walls in d are pitted; b, phloem parenchyma grown larger." -Stevens, 1916

Plant Cell Development 2

Second developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "B, c, companion…

Third developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "The pits in the cross-walls of the sieve tubes become perforations, and the nuclei gone from the cells composing the tube." -Stevens, 1916

Plant Cell Development 3

Third developmental stage of sieve tubes, companion cells, and phloem parenchyma. "The pits in the cross-walls…

"Porous or pitted cell from the Mistleto." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Pitted Cell

"Porous or pitted cell from the Mistleto." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

"C, cell showing numerous chloroplasts scattered through the cytoplasm." -Stevens, 1916

Plant Cell

"C, cell showing numerous chloroplasts scattered through the cytoplasm." -Stevens, 1916

Ideal construction of cellular tissue so formed, in section.

Cellular Tissue

Ideal construction of cellular tissue so formed, in section.

"Cross section, A, and surface view, B, of a leaf of common moss, showing chloroplasts, c." -Stevens, 1916

Moss Leaf Chloroplasts

"Cross section, A, and surface view, B, of a leaf of common moss, showing chloroplasts, c." -Stevens,…

Circaea with angles bearing little lobes.

Circaea

Circaea with angles bearing little lobes.

This illustration shows cluster cups in a section of a leaf of spring beauty. At right one of the cups is ruptured, exposing the aeciospores. Below a small cup, pycnium, is discharging pycniospores that are possibly fuunctionless male gametes.

Claytonia

This illustration shows cluster cups in a section of a leaf of spring beauty. At right one of the cups…

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "1 and 2, cross and longitudinal section of a collenchyma cell in its primary meristem condition." -Stevens, 1916

Collenchyma 1 and 2

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "1 and 2, cross and longitudinal section of a collenchyma cell…

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "3 and 4, longitudinal and cross sections of the same cell at a later stage, the walls in 4 have commenced to thicken at the angles." -Stevens, 1916

Collenchyma 3 and 4

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "3 and 4, longitudinal and cross sections of the same cell at a…

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "5 and 6, longitudinal and cross sections of a mature cell. The arrows indicate the planes through which the longitudinal sections were cut. The stippling inside the walls indicates the protoplasts." -Stevens, 1916

Collenchyma 5 and 6

Developmental stages of collenchyma: "5 and 6, longitudinal and cross sections of a mature cell. The…

"Embryo germinating: a running into the ground to become a root; b running up to form a stem; c the tube which supplies nutriment from the cotyledons until both roots and leaves are ready to work." -Newman, 1850

Cotyledon Germinating

"Embryo germinating: a running into the ground to become a root; b running up to form a stem; c the…

"Enzyme-secreting cells of date cotyledon." -Stevens, 1916

Date Cotyledon

"Enzyme-secreting cells of date cotyledon." -Stevens, 1916

"Different forms of crystals of calcium oxalate. A, from the petiole of Begonia manicata." -Stevens, 1916

Calcium Oxalate Crystals

"Different forms of crystals of calcium oxalate. A, from the petiole of Begonia manicata." -Stevens,…

"Cystoliths from the leaf of Ficus carica. A, complete cystolith; B, cystolith from which the calcium carbonate has been removed for use in other parts of the plant. B is from a leaf that had fallen off in autumn." -Stevens, 1916

Cystoliths

"Cystoliths from the leaf of Ficus carica. A, complete cystolith; B, cystolith from which the calcium…

"Danaea alata. 1. Collection of spore-cases; 2. sections of the same and spores, 2 of which are highly magnified." -Lindley, 1853

Danaea

"Danaea alata. 1. Collection of spore-cases; 2. sections of the same and spores, 2 of which are highly…

Milk Vessels of Dandelion, with cells of the common cellular tissue.

Dandelion

Milk Vessels of Dandelion, with cells of the common cellular tissue.

Milk Vessels of Dandelion, with cells of the common cellular tissue.

Dandelion

Milk Vessels of Dandelion, with cells of the common cellular tissue.

"Decorticator for ramie, jute, hemp, flax, and other textiles in green stalks. The machine is quadruple in its action. It consists in four feeders and four cleaners, inside of which revolves, horizontally, a large cogged wheel acting as a circular carrier. It brings the crushed plant in, and draws from it, the revolving cleaners, as follows: A, crushing rollers, through which the green stalks are passed, and placed on the rim of the large cogged wheel or circular carrier. B,rim of the carrier, on which hangs the flattened plant coming from the rollers. C, revolving cleaners, furnished with knives attracting the plant while it is drawn by the circular motion of the carrier. D, small cog-wheels in contact with the large wheels, and keeping the plant under pressure. F, projecting bar to direct the fiber into the cleaners. G, opening to take off the cleaned fiber." -Watts, 1874

Decorticator

"Decorticator for ramie, jute, hemp, flax, and other textiles in green stalks. The machine is quadruple…

"Septicidal Dehiscence. v, valves; d, dissepiments; c, axis. In botany, noting a mode of dehiscence in which the pericarp or fruit is resolved into its component carpels by splitting asunder through the dissepiments." -Whitney, 1911

Septicidal Dehiscence

"Septicidal Dehiscence. v, valves; d, dissepiments; c, axis. In botany, noting a mode of dehiscence…

This illustration shows the structure of dicotyledonous seeds: A, nearly mature seed of Lepidium. The embryo consists of the hypocotyl, hy, ending below in the root, r, and the root cap and above the epicotly, pl. Two cotyledons, c; arise laterall from the stem; f, funiculus; mi, micropyle; in, integuments, en, remains of endosperm. B, section of seed of water lily-e, embryo with two cotyledons attached laterally to the minute stem of the embryo and surrounded by a layer of endosperm cells; mg, sporangial cells or perisperm; i, integument.

Dicotylendonous

This illustration shows the structure of dicotyledonous seeds: A, nearly mature seed of Lepidium. The…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 1, resting stage of a grandmother cell." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 1

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 10, bipolar spindle with double chromosomes aligned at the equator." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 10

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 11, reduction division, the double chromosomes separating and at the same time showing longitudinal division, with the longitudinal halves widely apart at their equatorial ends." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 11

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 12, formation of daughter nuclei, which are really the nuclei of the mother cells of the spores." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 12

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 13, division of mother-cell nuclei, the longitudinally split chromosomes seen in 11 again appearing." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 13

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 14, split chromosomes of 13 aligned at the equator ready for the longitudinal halves of each to be drawn apart to opposite poles." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 14

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 15, separation of the longitudinal halves." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 15

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 16, formation of granddaughter nuclei, or nuclei of the spores." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 16

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 2, nuclear thread becoming arranged into parallel threads." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 2

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 3, synaptic stage." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 3

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 4, parallel threads uniting." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 4

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 5, double threads so united as to appear as one." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 5

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 7, thread transversely segmented into double chromosomes." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 7

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 8, diakinesis, that is, chromosomes dispersed about the nuclear membrane." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 8

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic. 9, multipolar spindle stage." -Stevens, 1916

Division of Grandmother Cell Stage 9

"Stages in the division of a grandmother cell of microspores or pollen grains of a lily, somewhat diagrammatic.…

Pictured is an embryo sac of angiosperm before fertilization. The three stages are represented by A, B, and C. In A the helped and antipodal cells and the embryonal vesicle are still angular and the two nuclei are wide apart. In B the embryonal vesicle is rounded and the nuclei lie close together. In C the embryonal vesicle is ready to be fertilized.

Embryo Sac of Angiosperm Before Fertilization in Three Stages

Pictured is an embryo sac of angiosperm before fertilization. The three stages are represented by A,…

Figures to illustrate the earlier stages in the formation of an embryo; a single mass of protoplasm dividing into two, three, and then into more incipient cells, which by continued multiplication build up an embryo.

Formation of the Embryos

Figures to illustrate the earlier stages in the formation of an embryo; a single mass of protoplasm…

"Different forms of epidermal outgrowths. 1, hooked hair from Phaseolus multiflorus; 2, climbing hair from stem of Humulus Lupulus; 3, rod-like wax coating from the stem of Saccharum offininarum; 4, climbing hair of Lossa hispida; 5, stinging hair of Urtica urens." -Stevens, 1916

Epidermal Outgrowths

"Different forms of epidermal outgrowths. 1, hooked hair from Phaseolus multiflorus; 2, climbing hair…

This illustration shows a stem of a plant. e; epidermis; s, stoma; p, palisade mesophyll; ch, chloroplast; sp, spongy mesophyll; i, intercellular spaces; v, small vein cut across; l, end of vein seen from the side, sonsisting of elongated and banded cells.

Epidermis

This illustration shows a stem of a plant. e; epidermis; s, stoma; p, palisade mesophyll; ch, chloroplast;…