This ClipArt gallery offers 367 images of the Roman Empire including culture, people, everyday life, coats of arms, and more. See also the Roman Coins, Roman Architecture, Roman Ornament, Roman Mythology, and Ancient Roman Musical Instruments ClipArt galleries.

"A pair of panniers, and therefore only used in the plural number. In Italy they were commonly used with mules or asses; but in other countries they were also applied to horses, of which an instance is given in the annexed woodcut from the column of Trajan." — Smith, 1873

Clitellae

"A pair of panniers, and therefore only used in the plural number. In Italy they were commonly used…

"The following cut represents a Roman clypeus, from the column of Trajan. The projection in the centre was called the <em>umbo</em>, or boss, and sometimes a spike or other prominent excrescence, was placed upon this." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Roman clypeus

"The following cut represents a Roman clypeus, from the column of Trajan. The projection in the centre…

Ruins of the Coliseum in Rome.

Coliseum

Ruins of the Coliseum in Rome.

The Colosseum at Rome was the greatest of Roman ampitheatres.

Colosseum at Rome

The Colosseum at Rome was the greatest of Roman ampitheatres.

Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192 (also with his father, Marcus Aurelius, from 177 until 180). The name given here was his official name at his accession to sole rule; see Changes of name for earlier and later forms. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Commodus was the first emperor "born to the purple"; i.e., born during his father's reign.

Bust of Commodus

Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled…

This Roman console is shown in the front and side view. It is a design that includes two decorative swans found at the Vatican in Rome, Italy.

Roman Console

This Roman console is shown in the front and side view. It is a design that includes two decorative…

Roman emperor, declared Christianity state religion.

Constantine

Roman emperor, declared Christianity state religion.

Emperor of Rome from 306 to 337. He is best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor.

Constantine the Great

Emperor of Rome from 306 to 337. He is best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor.

The Arch of Constantine was erected to celebrate Constantine's victory of Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge. It is situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.

Arch of Constantine

The Arch of Constantine was erected to celebrate Constantine's victory of Maxentius at the Battle of…

The consul was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic. They were elected every year. The lictors were a member of a special class of Roman civil servant. Their tasks were to attend and guard the magistrates of the Roman Republic.

Consul and Lictors

The consul was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic. They were elected every year. The lictors…

Roman Cornu. Brass instrument used by the Roman Armies to give orders in battle.

Cornu

Roman Cornu. Brass instrument used by the Roman Armies to give orders in battle.

A luxurious couch used during the era of the Roman Empire.

Semicircular Dining Couch

A luxurious couch used during the era of the Roman Empire.

"A musical instrument, in the shape of two half globes, which were held one in each hand of the performer, and played by being struck against each other. The cymbal was a very ancient instrument, being used in the worship of Cybele, Bacchus, Juno, and all the earlier deities of the Grecian and Roman mythology. It probably came from the east. for sistrum, which some have regerred to the class of cymbala." &mdash; Smith, 1873.

Cymbalum

"A musical instrument, in the shape of two half globes, which were held one in each hand of the performer,…

A Roman siege, led by Trajan, of a Dacian stronghold, a stone wall of protection.

Dacian Stronghold

A Roman siege, led by Trajan, of a Dacian stronghold, a stone wall of protection.

"A rider in the Roman games, who generally rode two horses at the same time, sitting on them without a saddle, and vaulting upon either of them at is pleasure. The annexed woodcut shows three figures of desultores." &mdash; Smith, 1873.

Desultor

"A rider in the Roman games, who generally rode two horses at the same time, sitting on them without…

Emperor of Rome from 284 to 305.

Diocletian

Emperor of Rome from 284 to 305.

Emperor of the Roman Empire from 284 to 286 AD, and again from 286 to 305.

Diocletian

Emperor of the Roman Empire from 284 to 286 AD, and again from 286 to 305.

Petrified corpse discovered at Pompeii.

Discovered Body at Pompeii

Petrified corpse discovered at Pompeii.

"A circular plate of stone or metal, made for throwing to a distance as in exercise of strength and dexterity. It was one of the principal gymnastic exercises of the ancients, being included in the Penthathlum. The preceding woodcut represents a player with the discus, and is copied from an ancient statue by Myron." &mdash; Smith, 1873.

Discus

"A circular plate of stone or metal, made for throwing to a distance as in exercise of strength and…

Roman emperor.

Domitian

Roman emperor.

Restoration of the column of Gaius Duilius, a Roman politician and admiral in the First Punic War.

Column of Duilius

Restoration of the column of Gaius Duilius, a Roman politician and admiral in the First Punic War.

"The column was adorned with the brazen beaks of the captured Carthaginian vessels. Part of the inscription reciting the achievements of the Roman fleet has been preserved."&mdash;Webster, 1913

Column of Duilis

"The column was adorned with the brazen beaks of the captured Carthaginian vessels. Part of the inscription…

"A bar of copper marked with the figure of a bull. Dates from the fourth century B.C."&mdash;Webster, 1913

Early Roman Bar Money

"A bar of copper marked with the figure of a bull. Dates from the fourth century B.C."—Webster,…

"Soldiers Attacked while Encamping." &mdash; Greenough, 1899

Encamping

"Soldiers Attacked while Encamping." — Greenough, 1899

"The Italian city of Volterra still preserves in the Porta dell' Arco an interesting relic of Ertuscan times. The archway, one of the original gates of the ancient town, is about twenty feet in height and twelve feet in width. On the keystone and imposts are three curious heads, probably representing the guardian deities of the place."—Webster, 1913

An Ertuscan Arch

"The Italian city of Volterra still preserves in the Porta dell' Arco an interesting relic of Ertuscan…

"In Rom. antiq., bundles of rods, usually of birch, with an ax bound in with them, the blade projecting, borne by lictors before the superior Roman magistrates as a badge of their power over life and limb." -Whitney, 1911

Fasces of a Roman Magistrate

"In Rom. antiq., bundles of rods, usually of birch, with an ax bound in with them, the blade projecting,…

"The symbolic fasces borne by these officers were probably of Ertuscan origin. The Tarquins are said to have brought them to Rome along with other insignia of the kingly office."&mdash;Myers, 1904

Lictors with Fasces

"The symbolic fasces borne by these officers were probably of Ertuscan origin. The Tarquins are said…

Musician playing a double flute

Double flute

Musician playing a double flute

Roman Foot Soldier during the Conquest of Italy

Foot Soldier

Roman Foot Soldier during the Conquest of Italy

"Restoration of the Roman fortified wall on the German frontier." -Breasted, 1914

Fortified Wall

"Restoration of the Roman fortified wall on the German frontier." -Breasted, 1914

"Fortifying the Camp." &mdash; Greenough, 1899

Fortifying Camp

"Fortifying the Camp." — Greenough, 1899

"Elated by the victory, the Romans now determined to drive Carthage out of the island altogether. This, however, could not be accomplished without a fleet. Such ships as Rome possessed were old and out of date, and a wrecked Carthaginian galley was taken as a model for the new fleet." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Roman galley

"Elated by the victory, the Romans now determined to drive Carthage out of the island altogether. This,…

"Ancient Statue of Gallic Chief." &mdash; Greenough, 1899

Gallic Chief

"Ancient Statue of Gallic Chief." — Greenough, 1899

Gallic Horsemen during the Gallic Invasion (390 B.C.) upon Rome.

Gallic Horsemen

Gallic Horsemen during the Gallic Invasion (390 B.C.) upon Rome.

Iron Helmet used in the Gallic War with horns and a spiral decoration.

Gallic Iron Helmet

Iron Helmet used in the Gallic War with horns and a spiral decoration.

Iron Holder used in the Gallic War.

Gallic Iron Holder

Iron Holder used in the Gallic War.

Iron Shield Boss off of a shield used in the Gallic War.

Gallic Iron Shield Boss

Iron Shield Boss off of a shield used in the Gallic War.

Necklace worn in the Gallic war. Has amber and coral pendants.

Gallic Necklace

Necklace worn in the Gallic war. Has amber and coral pendants.

Necklace worn in the Gallic war. Has amber and coral pendants.

Gallic Necklace

Necklace worn in the Gallic war. Has amber and coral pendants.

"1 and 3, necklaces with amber and coral pendants; 2, military standard; 4, bronze trumpet; 5, iron boss of shield; 6, iron fastening; 7, sword-hilt and belt; 8, iron helmet; 9, iron belt-chain."—D'ooge & Eastman, 1917

Gallic Remains

"1 and 3, necklaces with amber and coral pendants; 2, military standard; 4, bronze trumpet; 5, iron…

"Gallic Remains." — Greenough, 1899

Gallic Remains

"Gallic Remains." — Greenough, 1899

Sword-hilt and girdle used in the Gallic War.

Gallic Sword-hilt and Girdle

Sword-hilt and girdle used in the Gallic War.

Gallic soldier blowing long trumpet known as carnyx.

Gaul with Trumpet

Gallic soldier blowing long trumpet known as carnyx.

"A Mirmillo and a Retiarius." &mdash; Smith, 1873.

Gladiatores

"A Mirmillo and a Retiarius." — Smith, 1873.

"Thracians" &mdash; Smith, 1873.

Gladiatores

"Thracians" — Smith, 1873.

Roman Gladiators fighting each other in front of an audience in an arena.

Gladiators

Roman Gladiators fighting each other in front of an audience in an arena.

This illustration shows various types of gladiators, each type with with his specific weapons attributed to him.
Gladiators were swordsmen whose profession was to fight for the public amusement. Gladiators are said to have been borrowed by Rome from the Etruscans. They were first exhibited in Rome in 246 BC, primarily at funerals, but afterwards at festivals, particularly those celebrated by the aediles and other magistrates. More than ten thousand were shown at Trajan's triumph over the Dacians. They were either free-born citizens, usually of a low class, who fought for hire, or captives, slaves, or malefactors, and were kept in schools, where they were carefully trained. Chief varieties were Andabatae, who wore helmets with no openings for the eyes, so that their blindfold movements provoked the spectators' mirth; Mirmillones, who used Gallic weapons, sword and shield; Retiarii, who carried a net and a three-pronged lance -- the net to entangle their opponents; and Thraces, who, like the Thracians, used a short sword and a round buckler. 
When a gladiator was severely wounded and defeated, the people cried out 'Habet' (He has it), and he lowered his arms; then, if the spectators wished his life to be spared, they turned their thumbs down; but it they desired his death, they turned them up. These combats were often attended by great cruelty and callousness on the part of the spectators; sometimes they were fights à outrance, none being spared alive. Discharged gladiators were presented with a rudis, or wooden sword, and hence were called rudiarii. Gladiatorial combats were disliked by the Greeks, and practically never took place in Greek cities.

Gladiators

This illustration shows various types of gladiators, each type with with his specific weapons attributed…

Four Roman Gladiators with Armor.

Roman Gladiators

Four Roman Gladiators with Armor.

Also known as Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. He was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic.

Pompey the Great

Also known as Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. He was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic.

Coin of Roman emperor Hadrian.

Hadrian, Coin of

Coin of Roman emperor Hadrian.

A harbor from the era of the Roman Empire.

An Ancient Harbor

A harbor from the era of the Roman Empire.

Military formation of the Romans, also agmen quadratum. Square formation with no troops in the middle.

Hollow Square

Military formation of the Romans, also agmen quadratum. Square formation with no troops in the middle.

A poster of important images and facts about the Holy Roman Empire.

Holy Roman Empire Poster

A poster of important images and facts about the Holy Roman Empire.

How Horatius kept the bridge

Horatius

How Horatius kept the bridge

"A Roman house. In early times the private houses of the Romans were very simple, showing little attempt at adornment or luxury, but in the later days of the republic and under the empire, the dwellings of the wealthy were costly and beautiful."&mdash;Colby, 1899

House

"A Roman house. In early times the private houses of the Romans were very simple, showing little attempt…

Ancient household utensils from Pompeii

Household Utensils

Ancient household utensils from Pompeii

"[Caesar] mustered the soldiers in the Campius Martius, and requested a statement of their grievances. Their demands appeared to have a reference to a payment of their dues, the bestowal of promised presents, and a release from further duty. Caesar well knew that the best way to humiliate an insurrection is to grant what it clamors for. He accordingly made an address to his old legion, being careful to begin with "Citizens," instead of "Soldiers." This was gall and wormwood. To be addressed as citizens by their beloved commander! "I discharge you." said he. "You have had enough of fatigue and wounds. I release you from your oath. As to your presents, you shall be paid to the last sesterce." The old veterans could stand no more. They burst into tears, and began to beg for forgiveness. With a certain prudent hesitation, Caesar received them back to favor; but he took care that the leaders who had fomented the mutiny should be executed."&mdash;Ridpath, 1885

Citizens! I Discharge You.

"[Caesar] mustered the soldiers in the Campius Martius, and requested a statement of their grievances.…

A depiction of Julian the Apostate, a noted philosopher and Roman Emperor, and his death.

Death of Julian the Apostate

A depiction of Julian the Apostate, a noted philosopher and Roman Emperor, and his death.

Various kitchen ladles discovered at Pompeii.

Kitchen Utensils from Pompeii

Various kitchen ladles discovered at Pompeii.

Silver krater from Hildesheim.

Silver Krater

Silver krater from Hildesheim.