This ClipArt gallery offers 34 pictures of architectural styles used during the time of the Byzantine Empire.

Acanthus anthemion.

Anthemion

Acanthus anthemion.

Anthemion pattern.

Anthemion

Anthemion pattern.

Anthemion frieze, St. Mark's, Venice.

Anthemion Frieze

Anthemion frieze, St. Mark's, Venice.

"Arches of S. Apol linare Nuovo, Ravenna." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Arches

"Arches of S. Apol linare Nuovo, Ravenna." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Acanthus leaf band.

Byzantine Band

Acanthus leaf band.

Acanthus leaf band.

Byzantine Band

Acanthus leaf band.

Corinthianesque cap from St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna.

Capital

Corinthianesque cap from St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna.

"Byzantine Capital. The leading forms of the Byzantine style are the round arch, the circle, and in particular the dome." -Vaughan, 1906

Byzantine Capital

"Byzantine Capital. The leading forms of the Byzantine style are the round arch, the circle, and in…

The byzantine capital is found in the St. Sophia in Turkey. This design is called a Trapeziform, a byzantine design that has a cylindrical shaft continued to the square abacus.

Byzantine Capital

The byzantine capital is found in the St. Sophia in Turkey. This design is called a Trapeziform, a byzantine…

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the central portal of St. Mark's Venice. In several traditions of architecture including Classical architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, 'head') forms the crowning member of a column or a pilaster. The capital projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the form of the latter (normally square) with the circular shaft of the column.

Byzantine Capitals

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the central portal of St. Mark's Venice. In several traditions…

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the the Church of St. Vitale, Ravenna. In several traditions of architecture including Classical architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, 'head') forms the crowning member of a column or a pilaster. The capital projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the form of the latter (normally square) with the circular shaft of the column.

Byzantine Capitals

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the the Church of St. Vitale, Ravenna. In several traditions…

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the the Church of St. Vitale, Ravenna. In several traditions of architecture including Classical architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, 'head') forms the crowning member of a column or a pilaster. The capital projects on each side as it rises, in order to support the abacus and unite the form of the latter (normally square) with the circular shaft of the column.

Byzantine Capitals

An illustration of a Byzantine capital from the the Church of St. Vitale, Ravenna. In several traditions…

Church of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo at Ravenna by Theodoric.

Church at Ravenna

Church of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo at Ravenna by Theodoric.

Church of our Lady at Constantinople.

Church of our Lady

Church of our Lady at Constantinople.

Architectural detail from the Palace of Diocletian at Spalato, A.D. 300.

Palace of Diocletian Detail

Architectural detail from the Palace of Diocletian at Spalato, A.D. 300.

Carved frieze from St. John Studios.

Frieze from St. John Studios

Carved frieze from St. John Studios.

Carved frieze from St. Sergius.

Frieze from St. Sergius

Carved frieze from St. Sergius.

"Exterior of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. Although the impression conveyed by this church is not so pure and simple as that which the basilicas produce, still its outlines are magnificent and imposing. The exterior displayed a novel divergency from the normal standard. Whist hitherto the antique form of the roof had been preserved, it was now replaced by a totally different one: inasmuch as the vaulting, at least of the domes, was visible from the outside without any screen, or the only covering it had was one of polished metal."

Exterior of Hagia Sophia

"Exterior of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. Although the impression conveyed by this church…

"Interior of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. Besides the Narthex, there was a second vestibule: both extended the whole breadth of the building. In front of it was an entrance court surrounded by a colonnade, which was entered through an arch resting on four pillars."

Interior of Hagia Sophia

"Interior of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. Besides the Narthex, there was a second vestibule:…

Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between A.D. 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site.

Plan of Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous…

Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between A.D. 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site.

Section of Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous…

"Section of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. The Byzantine style of this first period reached its highest example and splendor in the church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. After this church, which was originally built by Constantine, had been burnt to the ground, it was rebuilt, with the utmost care, and at great expense, by Justinian. On each of he open sides of the dome-covered square there abuts a semicircle with semi-domes of somewhat inferior height to the main dome."

Section of Hagia Sophia

"Section of the Church of Sta. Sophia at Constantinople. The Byzantine style of this first period reached…

Impost cap from St. Vitale. The impost cap (or impost-block) was interposed between the capital and the spring of the vaulting.

Impost Cap

Impost cap from St. Vitale. The impost cap (or impost-block) was interposed between the capital and…

Basket cap from St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna. When an impost cap has extensive lacey or basket-like carving it is known as a "basket" cap.

Impost Cap

Basket cap from St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna. When an impost cap has extensive lacey or basket-like…

A pendentive is a constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room. The pendentives, which are triangular segments of a sphere, taper to points at the bottom and spread at the top to establish the continuous circular or elliptical base needed for the dome. In masonry the pendentives thus receive the weight of the dome, concentrating it at the four corners where it can be received by the piers beneath.

Diagram of Pendentives

A pendentive is a constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or…

This is a plan of the St Mark's, in Venice, Italy. Erected AD 929 to 1063. This is an example of Italian Byzantine Romanesque architecture. This church was created in order to "reproduce in some way the leading features of the church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople." The scale is in feet.

Plan of St Mark's, Venice, AD 929–1063

This is a plan of the St Mark's, in Venice, Italy. Erected AD 929 to 1063. This is an example of Italian…

Cavred rinceau from the Bishop's Palace at Ferentino.

Rinceau

Cavred rinceau from the Bishop's Palace at Ferentino.

Sarchophagus end, Ravenna, Italy.

Sarchophagus

Sarchophagus end, Ravenna, Italy.

Carved spandrel from Hagia Sophia.

Spandrel from Hagia Sophia

Carved spandrel from Hagia Sophia.

The tower of St. Front, Perigueux.

St. Front Tower

The tower of St. Front, Perigueux.

"Cross section of the interior of St. Sophia." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

St. Sophia

"Cross section of the interior of St. Sophia." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

St. Sophia is a Byzantine church in Istanbul, Turkey.

St. Sophia

St. Sophia is a Byzantine church in Istanbul, Turkey.

Syrian Christian ornament from Tourmanin.

Syrian Carving

Syrian Christian ornament from Tourmanin.

Syrian Christian carved capital from Bakouza.

Syrian Carving

Syrian Christian carved capital from Bakouza.