This ClipArt gallery offers 52 illustrations of grafting, a horticultural technique that allows a section of one plant to be joined to another plant. Typically, a stem from one species is grafted onto the rootstock of another species.

This illustration shows a tree that has had its branches grafted.

Branch-grafted Tree

This illustration shows a tree that has had its branches grafted.

This illustration shows a tree that has been both branch-budded and grafted. Buds inserted in August. Bud on A lived. Buds on B, B, and B died, and these branches were grafted the following spring.

Bud and Graft

This illustration shows a tree that has been both branch-budded and grafted. Buds inserted in August.…

The bud inserted.

The bud, inserted

The bud inserted.

A bud ready for insertion, and the T-shaped cut ready to receive it.

Bud, ready for insertion

A bud ready for insertion, and the T-shaped cut ready to receive it.

(a) twig having suitable buds to use; (b) method of cutting the bud off; (c) how the bark is cut; (d) how the bark is opened; (e) inserting the bud; (f) the bud in place; (g) the bud properly wrapped

Budding

(a) twig having suitable buds to use; (b) method of cutting the bud off; (c) how the bark is cut; (d)…

Some blades, such as the first two, are made with a rounded point to cut the bark without the knife entering the wood underneath. The middle two knives are made with the edge of the knife carrying to a point and are used for ordinary purposes. The last knife has a piece of ivory inserted for opening the bark.

Budding Knives

Some blades, such as the first two, are made with a rounded point to cut the bark without the knife…

The budding completed

The budding, complete

The budding completed

A small twig, used for grafting in agriculture.

Cion

A small twig, used for grafting in agriculture.

This illustration shows a method of cleft grafting. Part A shows the scion, B, the scions inserted in the cleft, C, the stub and scions waxed.

Cleft Grafting

This illustration shows a method of cleft grafting. Part A shows the scion, B, the scions inserted in…

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d, and the scion, when cut to a thin wedge form, as shown at c and e, is inserted into the cleft; the whole is then bound up and clayed as in the former case. This is not so goood a plan as wip-grafting; it is improved by sloping the stock on one side to the size of the graft." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cleft-Grafting

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d,…

"Illustrating how the section knife or razor is drawn across the strop." -Stevens, 1916

Cutting Plant Sections

"Illustrating how the section knife or razor is drawn across the strop." -Stevens, 1916

Grafting is a method of asexual plant propagation widely used in agriculture and horticulture where the tissues of one plant are encouraged to fuse with those of another. Pictured here is the root-grafting of a dahlia.

Root-Grafting of Dahlia

Grafting is a method of asexual plant propagation widely used in agriculture and horticulture where…

In flute budding a cylinder of bark is removed from the stock, and a piece of twig in a similar size is removed. The cylinder of bark is fitted into place and made airtight.

Flute-Budding

In flute budding a cylinder of bark is removed from the stock, and a piece of twig in a similar size…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. All grafts inserted outside should be protected, and kept from moving by a stake, which should reach nearly to the top.

Mode of Supporting the Graft

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. Picture A shows the mode of tying the graft adopted with many fruit trees. Picture B shows the work completed by the application of clay.

Mode of Tying and Claying Graft

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Cions properly inserter for a top-graft.

Top-graft

Cions properly inserter for a top-graft.

A top-graft, completed.

Top-graft

A top-graft, completed.

(a) the two branches to be joined; (b) a tounge cut in each; (c) how fitted together; (d) method of wrapping

Grafting

(a) the two branches to be joined; (b) a tounge cut in each; (c) how fitted together; (d) method of…

Image showing how crown grafting is done. Grafting is marrying two plants so the sap's circulation between both is united.

Grafting

Image showing how crown grafting is done. Grafting is marrying two plants so the sap's circulation between…

"Grafting. At the left scion and stock are shown ready to be united; at the right they are joined and ready to cover with grafting wax." -Bergen, 1896

Grafting

"Grafting. At the left scion and stock are shown ready to be united; at the right they are joined and…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In grafting by approach the scion intended for inarching must either be a movable pot plant that may be taken to any place desired, or one planted in close proximity to the stock.

Grafting by Approach

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Inarching, also known as approach grafting, is used to join two plants that are otherwise very difficult to join together. The pieces are tied so that each individual piece has roots beneath it and growth above it. Inarching can also be used in pleaching, which is the technique of weaving tree branches into bushes for decorative purposes.

Approach Grafting

Inarching, also known as approach grafting, is used to join two plants that are otherwise very difficult…

(a) cut several scions, each having a few buds, making the ends in a wedge shape; (b) insert scions into a split trunk; (c) cover with grafting wax to prevent drying out

Cleft Grafting

(a) cut several scions, each having a few buds, making the ends in a wedge shape; (b) insert scions…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In cleft grafting the stock has to be split open by a chisel or other instrument. The scion is cut wedge shaped and fitted in the cleft so that the inner barks meet each other.

Cleft Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In the form of cleft grafting picture the stock and scion are the same size.

Cleft Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In crown or rind grafting one or more scions may be inserted, according to the size of the stem intended for their reception.

Crown or Rind Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. Double grafting inserts the intermediate growth into the first stock, which is ultimately grafted with the one it is intended to propogate.

Double Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

A cion (smooth, one year old lenth of twig cut into a sex inch length) and root pictured, about to be grafted together.

Root grafting

A cion (smooth, one year old lenth of twig cut into a sex inch length) and root pictured, about to be…

Cion and root united during the grafting process.

Root grafting

Cion and root united during the grafting process.

The grafting process complete (reduced in size)

Roof grafting

The grafting process complete (reduced in size)

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In root grafting good roots should be secured as stocks when the plants bearing them are in a dormant state. Dahlias are good plants for root grafting.

Root Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In saddle grafting the stock and scion must be nearly equal in thickness.

Saddle Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. Side grafting is used to insert scions without cutting away the head of the stock.

Side Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. In wedge grafting the positions of parts are reversed; the scion is wedge shaped and fitted into an incision of similar shape and size cut in the stock.

Wedge Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to grow together. Whip grafting is considered the best method of grafting.

Whip or Tongue Grafting

Grafting is placing two cut surfaces of one or different plants under conditions which cause them to…

Illustrated is a method of mulberry grafting: (a) the cion, (b) matrix to receive the cion, (c) the graft tied, and (d) the graft waxed.

Mulberry Grafting

Illustrated is a method of mulberry grafting: (a) the cion, (b) matrix to receive the cion, (c) the…

A ring of bark is removed in ring budding and replaced with a piece from a larger branch. When replaced the fit must be airtight.

Ring Budding

A ring of bark is removed in ring budding and replaced with a piece from a larger branch. When replaced…

"Root grafting in its different stages. a, Scion cut for insertion; b, stock prepared to receive the scion; c, stock and scion untied; d, the same tied up with waxed cord." -Gager, 1916

Root Grafting

"Root grafting in its different stages. a, Scion cut for insertion; b, stock prepared to receive the…

"Budding. a, Budstick; b, T-shaped cut in bark of stock; c, bud ready for insertion; d, stock with bud inserted; e, the same tied up with raffia." -Gager, 1916

Budding Grafting

"Budding. a, Budstick; b, T-shaped cut in bark of stock; c, bud ready for insertion; d, stock with bud…

"Cleft grafting (Herbaceous). a, Scion ready for insertion; b, stock; c, stock and scion unted; d, the same tied up with raffia; e, cleft grafting (woody). Stock with two scions." -Gager, 1916

Cleft Grafting

"Cleft grafting (Herbaceous). a, Scion ready for insertion; b, stock; c, stock and scion unted; d, the…

"Saddle grafting. a, Scion; b, stock; c, scion and stock joined." -Gager, 1916

Saddle Grafting

"Saddle grafting. a, Scion; b, stock; c, scion and stock joined." -Gager, 1916

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots of each kind respectively the best method of doing so being to cut a triangular section near the upper end of the root, just large enough to admit the young shoot when slightly pared away in two sides to give it a similar form." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots…

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed, are planted in nursery beds, so that the upper buds only are exposed to the atmosphere, as shown at c in the figure." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed,…

This is a tall briar with three shoots. A shows the shoot slit for the bud. B shows the bud inserted. C shows the bud tied in.

Rose Budding

This is a tall briar with three shoots. A shows the shoot slit for the bud. B shows the bud inserted.…

This is a branch showing buds. The lower buds are the most suitable because they are in firmer wood. The top buds are usually useless.

Branch showing Rose Buds

This is a branch showing buds. The lower buds are the most suitable because they are in firmer wood.…

The left figure shows a bud taken from a budding branch. The right figure shows wood removed from the lower end of a budding branch.

Bud Taken from Rose Budding

The left figure shows a bud taken from a budding branch. The right figure shows wood removed from the…

Shoots of briar must be cut back before the rose buds once the buds are safely established.

Shoots of Briar

Shoots of briar must be cut back before the rose buds once the buds are safely established.

In shield-budding the bark should first have two incisions, a length wise incision one inch long, and an incision around the bark (figures a and b). The bud should then be prepared by removing half the leaf.

Shield Budding

In shield-budding the bark should first have two incisions, a length wise incision one inch long, and…

To graft two plants together using the tongue or whip grafting approach, you must first make a sloping cut in the rootstock with a 'tongue' pointing up. Next you must make a matching cut in the scion wood with a 'tongue' pointing downwards. Finally you join the two, ensuring maximum contact of the cambium layers. Bind with rafia or polythene tape and seal with grafting wax.

Tongue Grafting

To graft two plants together using the tongue or whip grafting approach, you must first make a sloping…

"Showing how to trim a block for cutting longitudinal sections." -Stevens, 1916

Trimming

"Showing how to trim a block for cutting longitudinal sections." -Stevens, 1916

"Whip-grafting or tongue-grafting is the most usual mode of performing the operation. The stock is headed off by an oblique transverse cut as shown at a, a slice is then pared off the side as at b, and on the face of this a tongue or notch is made, the cut being in a downward direction; the scion c is pared off in a similar way by a single clean sharp cut, and this is notched or tongued in the opposite direction as the figure indicates, the two are then fitted together as shown at d, so that the inner bark of each may come in contact at least on one side, and then tied round with damp soft bast as at c; next some grafting clay is taken on the forefinger and pushed down on each side so as to fill out the space between the top of the stock and the graft, and a portion is also rubbed over the ligatures on the side where the graft is placed." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Whip-Grafting

"Whip-grafting or tongue-grafting is the most usual mode of performing the operation. The stock is headed…

Grafting is a method of asexual plant propagation widely used in agriculture and horticulture where the tissues of one plant are encouraged to fuse with those of another. Pictured here is the root-grafting of a woody plant.

Root-Grafting of Woody Plant

Grafting is a method of asexual plant propagation widely used in agriculture and horticulture where…