This ClipArt gallery offers 139 illustrations of numerous types of mosses and lichens. Mosses and lichens are part of the taxonomic division known as bryophyes, or non-vascular land plants.

An illustration of the flower of a moss: ar, archegonium; an, antheridium; p, paraphysis; bl, leaf.

Flower of a Moss

An illustration of the flower of a moss: ar, archegonium; an, antheridium; p, paraphysis; bl, leaf.

A fruiting portion, showing the structure; a sporocarp, and an antheidium.

Fruiting

A fruiting portion, showing the structure; a sporocarp, and an antheidium.

This illustration shows the structure of capsule of Funaria: 5, capsule with calyptra, 5A, removed. 6, section of nearly mature capsule-sp, spore-forming cells surrounded on outside by loosely arranged chlorophyll-bearing cells; o, operculum; r, annulus; p, peristome; a, apophysis. 8, magnified view of a portion of the capsule, showing the annulus, r, and the thick-walled cells of the peristome, p, which are attached at their base to the epidermis by a double row of cells; sp, spore-forming cells, the doted line should run to the four roundish cells at the left. 7, the cells shown in 8, p, have split apart, thus orming the inner and outer teeth-like segments of the peristome.

Funaria

This illustration shows the structure of capsule of Funaria: 5, capsule with calyptra, 5A, removed.…

Illustration of a fungus named Atrotogus hydnosporus. "Considered by Berkeley and others to be probably a secondary form of fruit (spores) of the potato-fungus itself." -Watts, 1874

Fungus

Illustration of a fungus named Atrotogus hydnosporus. "Considered by Berkeley and others to be probably…

"Portions of gills of a fungus (Agaricus). A, slightly magnified; B, one of the parts of A, more magnified. hym, hymenium; h, central layer." -Bergen, 1896

Fungus Gills

"Portions of gills of a fungus (Agaricus). A, slightly magnified; B, one of the parts of A, more magnified.…

A full caterpillar fungus.

Caterpillar Fungus

A full caterpillar fungus.

This illustration shows the germination of the gametospore: A, section of a mature archegonium with canal cells dissolved, thus forming a passageway to the large female gamete, g. B, sectional view of base of archegonium, showing the germinating gametospore in two-cell stage. The perianth, p, is seen growing up about the archegonium. C, later stage in growth of the gametospore. The lower cell shown in B is forming stalk cells, while the outer cell has produced densely granular cells that will later by further division form spore mother cells and elaters.

Gametospore

This illustration shows the germination of the gametospore: A, section of a mature archegonium with…

"1. Spore-case of Lycopodium denticulatum opened; 2. antheridium; 3. spore." -Lindley, 1853

Ground Pine

"1. Spore-case of Lycopodium denticulatum opened; 2. antheridium; 3. spore." -Lindley, 1853

Hair cap moss is the common name of <i>polytrichum commune</i>. The spore cases or capsules arise from the side of a leafy stem.

Hair Cap Moss

Hair cap moss is the common name of polytrichum commune. The spore cases or capsules arise from the…

An illustration of a Pleospora herbarum, in the pycnidal stage.

Pleospora Herbarum

An illustration of a Pleospora herbarum, in the pycnidal stage.

An image depicting a Pleospora herbarum in macrospore stage. A, Conidium on Stalk; b, Conidium after falling from Stalk; c, Another Form of Conidium, more typical of Sarcinula stage.

Pleospora Herbarum

An image depicting a Pleospora herbarum in macrospore stage. A, Conidium on Stalk; b, Conidium after…

The double peristome of a Hypnum.

Hypnum

The double peristome of a Hypnum.

"Cetraria islandica: a a. its shields; b. a shield magnified and divided vertically." -Lindley, 1853

Iceland Moss

"Cetraria islandica: a a. its shields; b. a shield magnified and divided vertically." -Lindley, 1853

celand moss (Cetraria islandica) is a lichen whose erect or ascending foliaceous habit gives it something of the appearance of a moss, whence probably the name. It is often of a pale chestnut color, but varies considerably, being sometimes almost entirely greyish white; and grows to a height of from 3 to 4 in., the branches being channelled or rolled into tubes, which terminate in flattened lobes with fringed edges.

Iceland Moss

celand moss (Cetraria islandica) is a lichen whose erect or ascending foliaceous habit gives it something…

Fructification of a Jungermannia, its cellular spore-stalk, surrounded at base by some of the leaves, at summit the 4-valved spore-case opening, discharging spores and elaters.

Jungermannia

Fructification of a Jungermannia, its cellular spore-stalk, surrounded at base by some of the leaves,…

"A greatly magnified view of a perpendicular section of Parmelia aipolia, showing the thecae in the shield, a; b, the hypothecium and some gonidia beneath it; c, the medullary region; and d, the gonimic layer." -Lindley, 1853

Leaf Lichen

"A greatly magnified view of a perpendicular section of Parmelia aipolia, showing the thecae in the…

Two of the asci and contained double spores, quite like those of a Lichen

Lichen

Two of the asci and contained double spores, quite like those of a Lichen

"1. Shields of Variolaria amara; 2, a portion of the thallus of the same plant." -Lindley, 1853

Lichen

"1. Shields of Variolaria amara; 2, a portion of the thallus of the same plant." -Lindley, 1853

"5. shield of Opegrapha scripta; 6. thallus of the same." -Lindley, 1853

Lichen

"5. shield of Opegrapha scripta; 6. thallus of the same." -Lindley, 1853

An order of flowerless or cryptogamous plants. All plants are classified as belonging to the flowering or flowerless division, lichens being included with the latter. They are found native in all zones up to the snow line.

Lichens

An order of flowerless or cryptogamous plants. All plants are classified as belonging to the flowering…

A stone on which various Lichens are growing, such as (passing from left to right) a Parmelia, a Sticta, and on the right, Lecidia geographica, so called from its patches resembling the outline of islands or continents as depicted upon maps.

Lichens

A stone on which various Lichens are growing, such as (passing from left to right) a Parmelia, a Sticta,…

Two asci of the same, and contained spores, and accompanying filaments.

Lichens

Two asci of the same, and contained spores, and accompanying filaments.

"A. Lecanora esculenta; B. Lecanora affinis." -Lindley, 1853

Lichens

"A. Lecanora esculenta; B. Lecanora affinis." -Lindley, 1853

"A leafy liverwort (Porella navicularis). Male plant, about natural size." -Gager, 1916

Leafy Liverwort

"A leafy liverwort (Porella navicularis). Male plant, about natural size." -Gager, 1916

One of the frondose Liverworts, Steetzia, otherwise like a Jungermannia; the spore-case not yet protruded from its sheath.

Liverworts

One of the frondose Liverworts, Steetzia, otherwise like a Jungermannia; the spore-case not yet protruded…

"3. a piece of the thallus of Sticta pulmonacea, with lacunae and soredia; 4. thallus of the same, bearing shields." -Lindley, 1853

Tree Lungwort

"3. a piece of the thallus of Sticta pulmonacea, with lacunae and soredia; 4. thallus of the same, bearing…

"Sticta pulmonaria, or Lungs of the Oak." -Lindley, 1853

Tree Lungwort

"Sticta pulmonaria, or Lungs of the Oak." -Lindley, 1853

This illustration shows a section through the center of the thallus of Marchantia, showing one of the air chambers and chimney-like pores in the epidermis-ch, palisade-like chlorenchyma arising from bottom of air chamber. The lower cells of the thallus are nearly colorless and filled with watery solutions or mucilage. r, rhizoids; l, leaf-like plates of cells.

Marchantia

This illustration shows a section through the center of the thallus of Marchantia, showing one of the…

Mnium cuspidatum plant

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum plant

Mnium cuspidatum's calyptra detached

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum's calyptra detached

Mnium cuspidatum's spore-case, with top of stalk.

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum's spore-case, with top of stalk.

Mnium cuspidatum's spore-case, with top of stalk, focusing on the lid and outside of the peristome.

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum's spore-case, with top of stalk, focusing on the lid and outside of the peristome.

Mnium cuspidatum's part of a cellular ring which was under the lid, outside of the peristome.

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum's part of a cellular ring which was under the lid, outside of the peristome.

Mnium cuspidatum, some of the outer and of the inner peristome (consisting of jointed teeth).

Mnium

Mnium cuspidatum, some of the outer and of the inner peristome (consisting of jointed teeth).

Antheridia and a pistillidium of the Mnium cuspidatum, at the end of a stem of same plant, the leaves torn away.

Mnium

Antheridia and a pistillidium of the Mnium cuspidatum, at the end of a stem of same plant, the leaves…

A bursting antheridium, and some of the accompanying jointed threads.

Mnium

A bursting antheridium, and some of the accompanying jointed threads.

Mosses can withstand a variety of temperatures. They grow on rocks or plant life.

Moss

Mosses can withstand a variety of temperatures. They grow on rocks or plant life.

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest in their life history. They are found in all climates, but are most abundant in temperate regions and in damp places."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Moss

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest…

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest in their life history. They are found in all climates, but are most abundant in temperate regions and in damp places."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Moss

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest…

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest in their life history. They are found in all climates, but are most abundant in temperate regions and in damp places."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Moss

"Mosses are a class of small flowerless plants, important in the economy of nature, and of great interest…

Summit of an open spore-case of a Moss, which has a peristome of 16 pairs of teeth.

Moss

Summit of an open spore-case of a Moss, which has a peristome of 16 pairs of teeth.

"A moss (Tetraphis sp.), showing gemmae; G, a gemma enlarged." -Gager, 1916

Moss Gemmae

"A moss (Tetraphis sp.), showing gemmae; G, a gemma enlarged." -Gager, 1916

"Protonemata of a moss bearing young gametophyte buds." -Gager, 1916

Moss Protonemata

"Protonemata of a moss bearing young gametophyte buds." -Gager, 1916

This evergreen moss has spores that are club shaped.

Club Moss

This evergreen moss has spores that are club shaped.

"Hair-cap moss (Polytrichum commune). A, male plant; B, same, proliferating; C, female plant, bearing sporogonium; D, same; g, gametophyte; s, seta; c, capsule; o, operculum; a, calyptra, E, top view of male plant." -Gager, 1916

Hair-Cap Moss

"Hair-cap moss (Polytrichum commune). A, male plant; B, same, proliferating; C, female plant, bearing…

A common peat-moss, <em>Hypnum</em>.

Peat Moss

A common peat-moss, Hypnum.

Of the Diapensia family (Diapensiaceae), pyxie moss (Pyxidanthera barbulata) and an "enlarged blossom showing the alternate connection of stamens with the lobes of the corolla." -Mathews, 1902

Pyxie Moss

Of the Diapensia family (Diapensiaceae), pyxie moss (Pyxidanthera barbulata) and an "enlarged blossom…

The tree moss (Psuedevernia furfuracea) is a fungus that grows on the bark of firs and pines, here showing an apothecium.

Tree Moss Bearing an Apothecium

The tree moss (Psuedevernia furfuracea) is a fungus that grows on the bark of firs and pines, here showing…

This illustration shows an enlarged view of the mycelium, ascocarp, etc., of one of the mildews, Erysiphe: c, erect hyphae forming spores or conidia; h, haustoria penetrating epidermis of leaf; a, ascocarp or perithecium.

Mycelium

This illustration shows an enlarged view of the mycelium, ascocarp, etc., of one of the mildews, Erysiphe:…

Piece of thallus of Parmelia conspersa, with section through an apothecium.

Parmelia

Piece of thallus of Parmelia conspersa, with section through an apothecium.

Plagiochila is a large, common, and widespread genus of liverworts in order Jungermanniales. It is a member of the family Plagiochilaceae within that order. There may be anywhere from 500 to 1300 species, most of them from the tropics; the exact number is still under revision. The genus also has a wide distribution in temperate and arctic areas.

Phagiochila

Plagiochila is a large, common, and widespread genus of liverworts in order Jungermanniales. It is a…

Single plant of Physcomitrium pyriforme.

Physcomitrium

Single plant of Physcomitrium pyriforme.

Spore-case of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Physcomitrium Pyriforme

Spore-case of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Detached calyptra of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Physcomitrium Pyriforme

Detached calyptra of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Spore-case and detached lid of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Physcomitrium Pyriforme

Spore-case and detached lid of a Physcomitrium Pyriforme.

Of the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae), the moss pink (Phlox subulata).

Moss Pink

Of the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae), the moss pink (Phlox subulata).

Illustration of a potato infested with Peronospora infestans also known as 'potato-rot' observed from a microscopic level.

Potato rot

Illustration of a potato infested with Peronospora infestans also known as 'potato-rot' observed from…

The fertile plant of the Resurrection Plant (Selaginella lepidophylla), a spikemoss which lives in deserts.

Resurrection Plant

The fertile plant of the Resurrection Plant (Selaginella lepidophylla), a spikemoss which lives in deserts.

Plant of Riccia natans

Riccia

Plant of Riccia natans

Plant of Riccia natans

Riccia

Plant of Riccia natans