A tier of nests with a broody coop on top.

Tier of Nests

A tier of nests with a broody coop on top.

The Great Seal of the State of Nevada. The seal shows wheat, a sickle, and a plow representing agriculture. It also shows sunshine, mountains and the state motto, "All for Our Country."

Seal of Nevada

The Great Seal of the State of Nevada. The seal shows wheat, a sickle, and a plow representing agriculture.…

The Great Seal of the State of New Jersey. The seal features Liberty and Ceres holding a shield with three plows representing agriculture. The state motto in the ribbon below reads, "Liberty and Prosperity."

Seal of New Jersey

The Great Seal of the State of New Jersey. The seal features Liberty and Ceres holding a shield with…

A McGowen nozzle

Nozzle

A McGowen nozzle

Cyclone and Vermorel nozzles

Nozzles

Cyclone and Vermorel nozzles

A line of different types of oats in a planter.

Line of oats

A line of different types of oats in a planter.

The Great Seal of the State of Ohio. The seal features a sunrise behind a wheat field and mountains. The wheat bundle symbolizes agriculture and the seventeen arrows represents Ohio's admittance as the seventeenth state.

Seal of Ohio

The Great Seal of the State of Ohio. The seal features a sunrise behind a wheat field and mountains.…

Olive branches in fruit, showing a self-sterile and a self-fertile variety.

Olive Branches in Fruit

Olive branches in fruit, showing a self-sterile and a self-fertile variety.

"By the time [olive trees] are well grown the form of the young tree is established, and further pruning for form may be done in a general manner to obtain the following results: (1) Maintenance of a comparatively open center to the tree; (2) exposure to the sun and air as large a number as possible of last year's branches around the circumference of the tree; (3) removal of all ground suckers and water sprouts; (4) preservation of outward-growing and drooping basal and lateral fruit branches; (5) heading back of upward-growing limbs, which consume much, but produce little; and, (6) the removal of all diseased or injured wood. In pruning for form the rules governing pruning for fruit should be kept in mind."—Government Printing Office, 1897

An Olive Tree

"By the time [olive trees] are well grown the form of the young tree is established, and further pruning…

This beehive ornament can be placed in a garden as decoration.

Beehive Ornament

This beehive ornament can be placed in a garden as decoration.

"On rolling land it is better to use one that has 3 sections with 6 to 10 wheels per section."—The Federal Digest, 1921

16-Wheel Sub-Surface Packer

"On rolling land it is better to use one that has 3 sections with 6 to 10 wheels per section."—The…

"Date Palm is a genus of palms, the most important species of which is the common date palm, the palm tree of Scripture, a native of the N. half of Africa, the S. W. of Asia, and some parts of India, and of which the cultivation is no less wide, and still extending. Some parts of China produce large crops. The stem, which is straight and simple, reaches a height of 30 to 60 feet, and bears a head of 40 to 80 glaucous pinnated leaves, 8 to 10 feet long, and a number of branching spadices, each of which on the female tree bears 180 to 200 fruits. A bunch of dates weighs 20 or 25 pounds, so that an average year's crop may be reckoned at 300 to 600 pounds per tree, and the yield per acre at about 12 times that of corn. This is one of the most important and useful of all the palms. In Egypt, and generally in North Africa, Persia, and Arabia, dates form the principal food, and date palms the principal wealth of the people."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Date Palm

"Date Palm is a genus of palms, the most important species of which is the common date palm, the palm…

Paper screen for newly transplanted plants.

Paper Screen

Paper screen for newly transplanted plants.

White pines coming into a pasture. On this land trees pay better than the poor pasture.

Pasture with trees

White pines coming into a pasture. On this land trees pay better than the poor pasture.

Trees in a pasture.

Trees in a pasture

Trees in a pasture.

The peach house is a structure in which the ripening of the fruit is accelerated by the judicious employment of artificial heat.

Peach House

The peach house is a structure in which the ripening of the fruit is accelerated by the judicious employment…

An illustration of a group of peasants working the field; one plowing the field, one hauling grain, and one harvesting wheat.

Peasants Working

An illustration of a group of peasants working the field; one plowing the field, one hauling grain,…

The Seal of the State of Pennsylvania. The seal shows a shield which has a ship, a plow, and sheaves of wheat. This represents commerce, labor, and agriculture.

Seal of Pennsylvania

The Seal of the State of Pennsylvania. The seal shows a shield which has a ship, a plow, and sheaves…

"This was a low boot of untanned hide, worn by ploughman and shepards." — Anthon, 1891

Pero

"This was a low boot of untanned hide, worn by ploughman and shepards." — Anthon, 1891

A planker, used for crushing clods of soil.

Planker

A planker, used for crushing clods of soil.

A lean-to plant house which is associated with the growth of ornamental plant and flowers.

Plant House

A lean-to plant house which is associated with the growth of ornamental plant and flowers.

Protecting from cut-worms.

Plant Protection

Protecting from cut-worms.

Showing methods of cutting paper to protect plants from maggots.

Plant Protection

Showing methods of cutting paper to protect plants from maggots.

"This pruning or shortening of the roots causes the production of a new set of fibres from the severed ends. It also causes other roots to push out near the crown, and if a plant thus pruned be taken up in a few weeks after planting, its roots will appear somewhat as shown." —Fuller, 1910

Plant with roots pruned

"This pruning or shortening of the roots causes the production of a new set of fibres from the severed…

"For the shifting of very large tub-plants, a box or tub with moveable sides is handy and efficient." — Baily, 1898

Plant-box

"For the shifting of very large tub-plants, a box or tub with moveable sides is handy and efficient."…

The common or nursery way of planting

Planting

The common or nursery way of planting

The proper or pictorial type of planting

Planting

The proper or pictorial type of planting

A planting-board

Planting-board

A planting-board

A good plow.

Plow

A good plow.

Ancient Roman plow

Plow

Ancient Roman plow

The plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in reparation for sowing seed or planting. It has been a basic instrument for most of recorded history, and represents one of the major advances in agriculture.

Cultivation Plow

The plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in reparation for sowing seed or…

An old Roman plow.

Roman plow

An old Roman plow.

Farmer plowing with two horses.

Plowing

Farmer plowing with two horses.

This plow is an agricultural tool which is used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.

Plowing Attachment

This plow is an agricultural tool which is used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation…

Plunging pots for plants.

Plunging

Plunging pots for plants.

A barrel outfit, called a Ponama barrel used to spray insecticide

Ponama Barrel

A barrel outfit, called a Ponama barrel used to spray insecticide

A potato.

Potato

A potato.

"Potato digger with agitating rear rack and vine separator."—The Federal Digest, 1921

Potato Digger

"Potato digger with agitating rear rack and vine separator."—The Federal Digest, 1921

A Spaulding's Rose Potato, grown in Florida.

Spaulding's Rose Potato

A Spaulding's Rose Potato, grown in Florida.

This net employs a 'Leader', 'Heart', 'Fore Bay', and 'Pound'. Each of these apparatus are constructed with a fence 15 to 18 feet deep. The Heart resembles the figure of the same name, and is placed so that the Leader passes into the notch a few feet. The Fore Bay (often omitted) is a second heart-shaped enclosure built on from the point of the heart. The Pound is a large circular net covering the bottom and sides of the enclosure into which there is only one entrance from the Fore Bay or Heart. This illustration shows the Leader at right, the Heart in the middle, and the Pound at left.

Pound Net

This net employs a 'Leader', 'Heart', 'Fore Bay', and 'Pound'. Each of these apparatus are constructed…

This cotton press design allowed for cotton to filter through a windlass, later received by the hoop.

Cotton Press

This cotton press design allowed for cotton to filter through a windlass, later received by the hoop.

A pruned tree

Pruned Tree

A pruned tree

A pruned tree

Pruned Tree

A pruned tree

This is a tool implement sued to pull out weeds, an agricultural implement.

Weed Puller

This is a tool implement sued to pull out weeds, an agricultural implement.

"Some forms of centrifugal pump, however, have been designed for use with horse power and even for windmills."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Centrifugal Pump

"Some forms of centrifugal pump, however, have been designed for use with horse power and even for windmills."—Government…

A tool used to gather leaves, hay, grass, and other items.

Garden Rake

A tool used to gather leaves, hay, grass, and other items.

Self-acting horse rake.

Horse Rake

Self-acting horse rake.

A section of a reservoir bank showing an outlet.

Reservoir Bank

A section of a reservoir bank showing an outlet.

The four fundamental forms of resistance: A, to tension; B, to compression parallel to fiber; C, to compression at right angle to fiber; D, to transverse tension; F, fiber of wood. Arrows indicate direction of force.

The Forms of Resistance

The four fundamental forms of resistance: A, to tension; B, to compression parallel to fiber; C, to…

The forcing of rhubarb

Rhubarb

The forcing of rhubarb

A roller. Crushes clods and packs the surface so as to keep the seed moist at the expense of increased evaporation.

Roller

A roller. Crushes clods and packs the surface so as to keep the seed moist at the expense of increased…

A tool used in gardening.

Roller and Marker

A tool used in gardening.

Root-gall on raspberry

Root-gall

Root-gall on raspberry

A normal rye plant.

Rye

A normal rye plant.

A type of tool used for gardening.

Scarifier

A type of tool used for gardening.

The scarifier is a instrument used for cultivating soil. "a, frame; b, handles; d, teeth; e, wheels; f, draft-hook." -Whitney, 1911

Scarifier

The scarifier is a instrument used for cultivating soil. "a, frame; b, handles; d, teeth; e, wheels;…

A sifter used for gravel.

Gravel Screen

A sifter used for gravel.

"Scutching-machine or Scutcher for Flax. a, feed-table on which the flax is fed to the fluted rollers b, b', which seize it and present it to the scutches or beaters c, fastened by supports d to the rotating drum e. The latter revolves in a case f, with a grating at the bottom. The feed-rolls are driven by gearing i." -Whitney, 1911

Scutcher

"Scutching-machine or Scutcher for Flax. a, feed-table on which the flax is fed to the fluted rollers…

Pitters and seeders were an inventor's dream. This ingenious little machine was used to take seeds out of raisins. Today most of the grapes and raisins variants are grown seedless, but only a few decades ago this was not the case. In the 19th and very early 20th century, raisins came with seeds. To extract them you needed a seeder, which was used in the home. The instructions embossed on metal frame of this seeder are "wet the raisins." The seeder is meant to clamp onto the edge of a table. Then the raisin was placed in the "cup" on top, the handle was turned to move two wheels that moved in opposite directions. One wheel has small spike-like extrusions and is of metal, the other is made of what looks like a hard rubber.

Agricultural Raisin Seeder

Pitters and seeders were an inventor's dream. This ingenious little machine was used to take seeds out…

Setting large tub-plants in the lawn

Setting Plants

Setting large tub-plants in the lawn