The chair in which General Lee sat when signing the surrender.

General Lee's Chair

The chair in which General Lee sat when signing the surrender.

The table on which General Lee signed the surrender.

General Lee's Table

The table on which General Lee signed the surrender.

Fitzhugh Lee (November 19, 1835 – April 18, 1905), nephew of Robert E. Lee, was a Confederate cavalry general in the American Civil War, Governor of Virginia, diplomat, and United States Army general in the Spanish-American War.

Fitzhugh Lee

Fitzhugh Lee (November 19, 1835 – April 18, 1905), nephew of Robert E. Lee, was a Confederate cavalry…

Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870), was a career United States Army officer, an engineer, and among the most celebrated generals in American history.

General Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870), was a career United States Army officer,…

An illustration of a meeting between General Lee and soldiers.

Meeting with General Lee

An illustration of a meeting between General Lee and soldiers.

Libby Prison was a Confederate Prison at Richmond, Virginia, during the American Civil War.

Libby Prison, Richmond

Libby Prison was a Confederate Prison at Richmond, Virginia, during the American Civil War.

(1809-1865) An American politician and sixteenth President of the United States and the first president from the Republican Party.

Abraham Lincoln

(1809-1865) An American politician and sixteenth President of the United States and the first president…

An illustration of a statue of Abraham Lincoln.

Abraham Lincoln

An illustration of a statue of Abraham Lincoln.

An illustration depicting the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

An illustration depicting the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the site of an unsuccessful assault by Confederate troops against the Union left flank on July 2, 1863, the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Battleground of Little Round Top

Little Round Top is the smaller of two rocky hills south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the site…

John Alexander Logan (February 8, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political leader. He served in the Mexican-American War and was a General in the Union Army in the American Civil War. Senator from Illinois.

John Alexander Logan

John Alexander Logan (February 8, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political…

James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse."

James Longstreet

James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals…

The Battle of Chattanooga and included the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 25, 1863 during the American Civil War.

Top of Lookout Mountain

The Battle of Chattanooga and included the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 25, 1863 during the…

William Ludlow was an officer in the Corps of Engineers and a major general in the United States Army who served in the Civil War and led a scientific expedition examining the natural wonders of Yellowstone National Park.

William Ludlow

William Ludlow was an officer in the Corps of Engineers and a major general in the United States Army…

Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict.

Nathaniel Lyon

Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the…

Stephen Russell Mallory (1813 – November 9, 1873) was a United States politician and the Confederate Secretary of the Navy during the American Civil War.

Stephen Russell Mallory

Stephen Russell Mallory (1813 – November 9, 1873) was a United States politician and the Confederate…

James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798 – April 28, 1871) was a United States Representative and United States Senator from Virginia.

James Murray Mason

James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798 – April 28, 1871) was a United States Representative and United…

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly (November 1861 to March 1862) as the general-in-chief of the Union Army.

George McClellan at Battle of Antietam

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the…

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly (November 1861 to March 1862) as the general-in-chief of the Union Army.

George McClellan

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the…

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly (November 1861 to March 1862) as the general-in-chief of the Union Army.

Major-General George B. McClellan

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general during the…

Alexander McDowell McCook (April 22, 1831 – June 12, 1903) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.

Alexander McDowell McCook

Alexander McDowell McCook (April 22, 1831 – June 12, 1903) was a career United States Army officer…

Edward Moody McCook (June 15. 1833 – September 9, 1909) was a lawyer, politician, distinguished Union cavalry general in the American Civil War, American diplomat, and Governor of the Territory of Colorado.

Edward M. McCook

Edward Moody McCook (June 15. 1833 – September 9, 1909) was a lawyer, politician, distinguished Union…

Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885)[1] was a career American army officer, famous for his defeat during the First Battle of Bull Run, the first large-scale battle of the American Civil War.

Irvin McDowell

Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885)[1] was a career American army officer, famous…

The McLean residence, at the Appomattox Courthouse, where General Lee met with General Grant to sign an act of surrender.

McLean's House: The Place of Lee's Surrender

The McLean residence, at the Appomattox Courthouse, where General Lee met with General Grant to sign…

James Birdseye McPherson (November 14, 1828 – July 22, 1864) was a career United States Army officer who served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

James Birdseye McPherson

James Birdseye McPherson (November 14, 1828 – July 22, 1864) was a career United States Army officer…

Thomas Francis Meagher (August 3, 1823 – July 1, 1867) was an Irish nationalist, a Union Army general during the American Civil War, and American politician.

Thomas Francis Meagher

Thomas Francis Meagher (August 3, 1823 – July 1, 1867) was an Irish nationalist, a Union Army…

The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, also known as the Battle of Mechanicsville or Ellerson's Mill, took place on June 26, 1862, in Hanover County, Virginia as the first major engagement of the Seven Days Battles of the American Civil War.

Mechanicsville, 1862

The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek, also known as the Battle of Mechanicsville or Ellerson's Mill, took…

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, construction engineer, and Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War.

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer,…

Wesley Merritt (June 16, 1836 – December 3, 1910) was a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. He is noted for distinguished service in the cavalry.

Wesley Merritt

Wesley Merritt (June 16, 1836 – December 3, 1910) was a general in the United States Army during…

The Battle of Missionary Ridge included in the Third Battle of Chattanooga was fought November 23–25, 1863, in the American Civil War.

Battle of Missionary Ridge

The Battle of Missionary Ridge included in the Third Battle of Chattanooga was fought November 23–25,…

Ormbsy MacKnight (or McKnight) Mitchel (July 20, 1805 – October 30, 1862) was an American astronomer and major general in the American Civil War.

Ormsby McKnight Mitchel

Ormbsy MacKnight (or McKnight) Mitchel (July 20, 1805 – October 30, 1862) was an American astronomer…

The Battle of Mobile Bay was a naval battle fought on August 5, 1864, during the American Civil War.

Opening of the Battle of Mobile Bay

The Battle of Mobile Bay was a naval battle fought on August 5, 1864, during the American Civil War.

The Siege of Fort Morgan occurred during the American Civil War as part of the battle for Mobile Bay in 1864.

Capture of Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay

The Siege of Fort Morgan occurred during the American Civil War as part of the battle for Mobile Bay…

John Berrien Montgomery (1794 – 25 March 1872) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.

John Berrien Montgomery

John Berrien Montgomery (1794 – 25 March 1872) was an officer in the United States Navy who served…

John Hunt Morgan (June 1, 1825 – September 4, 1864) was a Confederate general and cavalry officer in the American Civil War.

John Hunt Morgan

John Hunt Morgan (June 1, 1825 – September 4, 1864) was a Confederate general and cavalry officer…

John Tyler Morgan (June 20, 1824 – June 11, 1907) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, a Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan, and a postbellum six-term U.S. senator from the state of Alabama.

John Tyler Morgan

John Tyler Morgan (June 20, 1824 – June 11, 1907) was a general in the Confederate States Army during…

Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton (August 4, 1823 – November 1, 1877) was a U.S. Republican Party politician from Indiana. He served as governor of Indiana during the Civil War, and was a stalwart ally of President Abraham Lincoln.

Oliver Perry Morton

Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton (August 4, 1823 – November 1, 1877) was a U.S. Republican Party…

The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro), was fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863 as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

Battle of Murfreesboro

The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro),…

The Battle of New Bern was fought on 14 March 1862, near the city of New Bern, North Carolina, as part of the Burnside Expedition of the American Civil War.

Troops Landing at Newbern

The Battle of New Bern was fought on 14 March 1862, near the city of New Bern, North Carolina, as part…

Edward Otho Cresap Ord (October 18, 1818 – July 22, 1883) was the designer of Fort Sam Houston, and a United States Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War.

Edward Otho Cresap Ord

Edward Otho Cresap Ord (October 18, 1818 – July 22, 1883) was the designer of Fort Sam Houston,…

Ornaments made of blue silk ribbon with a button in the center bearing the image of a palmetto tree. They were worn by ladies of Charleston immediately after the passage of the ordinance of succession.

Palmetto Cockade

Ornaments made of blue silk ribbon with a button in the center bearing the image of a palmetto tree.…

Robert Patterson (January 12, 1792 – August 7, 1881) was a United States major general during the Mexican-American War and at the beginning of the American Civil War.

Robert Patterson

Robert Patterson (January 12, 1792 – August 7, 1881) was a United States major general during…

Hiram Paulding (December 11, 1797 – October 20, 1878) was a Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, who served from the War of 1812 until after the Civil War.

Hiram Paulding

Hiram Paulding (December 11, 1797 – October 20, 1878) was a Rear Admiral in the United States…

Francis Wilkinson Pickens (April 7, 1805 – January 25, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Governor of South Carolina when the state seceded from the United States during the American Civil War.

Francis Wilkinson Pickens

Francis Wilkinson Pickens (April 7, 1805 – January 25, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician…

George Edward Pickett (January 16, January 25 or January 28, 1825 – July 30, 1875) was a career United States Army officer who became a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

George Edward Pickett

George Edward Pickett (January 16, January 25 or January 28, 1825 – July 30, 1875) was a career…

An illustration of a soldier planting a United States flag in the ground.

Planting of US Flag

An illustration of a soldier planting a United States flag in the ground.

Leonidas Polk (April 10, 1806 – June 14, 1864) was a Confederate general who was once a planter in Maury County, Tennessee, and a second cousin of President James K. Polk.

Leonidas Polk

Leonidas Polk (April 10, 1806 – June 14, 1864) was a Confederate general who was once a planter…

John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War.

John Pope

John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and Union…

Fitz John Porter (August 31, 1822 – May 21, 1901) (sometimes written FitzJohn Porter) was a career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War.

Fitz John Porter

Fitz John Porter (August 31, 1822 – May 21, 1901) (sometimes written FitzJohn Porter) was a career…

Sterling Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was a lawyer, politician, and militia general from the U.S. state of Missouri, an American Army general during the Mexican-American War, and a Confederate Army major general during the American Civil War.

Sterling Price

Sterling Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was a lawyer, politician, and militia…

The Red River Campaign or Red River Expedition consisted of a series of battles fought along the Red River in Louisiana during the American Civil War. Pictured here is the fleet passing the dam.

Red River Expedition

The Red River Campaign or Red River Expedition consisted of a series of battles fought along the Red…

The Battle of Resaca was part of the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War.

Battle of Resaca

The Battle of Resaca was part of the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War.

The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.

Battle of Rich Mountain

The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia as part of the…

The devastation in Richmond Virginia following the campaign against Richmond.

Devastation in Richmond

The devastation in Richmond Virginia following the campaign against Richmond.

James Brewerton Ricketts (June 21, 1817 – September 22, 1887) was a career officer in the United States Army, serving as a general in the Eastern Theater during the American Civil War.

James Brewerton Ricketts

James Brewerton Ricketts (June 21, 1817 – September 22, 1887) was a career officer in the United…

John Rodgers (8 August 1812 – 5 May 1882) was an admiral in the United States Navy.

Rear Admiral John Rodgers

John Rodgers (8 August 1812 – 5 May 1882) was an admiral in the United States Navy.

William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819 – March 11, 1898) was an inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and United States Army officer.

William Starke Rosecrans

William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819 – March 11, 1898) was an inventor, coal-oil company…

Lovell Harrison Rousseau (August 4, 1818 – January 7, 1869) was a general in the United States and Union Armies during the American Civil War and a successful lawyer and politician in both Kentucky and Indiana.

Lovell Harrison Rousseau

Lovell Harrison Rousseau (August 4, 1818 – January 7, 1869) was a general in the United States…

Stephen Clegg Rowan (1808 – 31 March 1890) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.

Stephen Clegg Rowan

Stephen Clegg Rowan (1808 – 31 March 1890) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served…

The Confederate privateers were privately owned ships that were authorized by the government of the Confederate States of America to attack the shipping of the United States.

The Savannah, Confederate Privateer

The Confederate privateers were privately owned ships that were authorized by the government of the…