Four Roman Gladiators with Armor.

Roman Gladiators

Four Roman Gladiators with Armor.

"Glove-shield, 15th century. A contrivance adopted in the sixteenth century for arming the left hand for parrying thrusts and blows." -Whitney, 1911

Glove-Shield

"Glove-shield, 15th century. A contrivance adopted in the sixteenth century for arming the left hand…

"Glove-shield, 15th century. A contrivance adopted in the sixteenth century for arming the left hand for parrying thrusts and blows." -Whitney, 1911

Glove-Shield

"Glove-shield, 15th century. A contrivance adopted in the sixteenth century for arming the left hand…

Plate Gorget.

Gorget

Plate Gorget.

"1, Hausse-col (a) attached to the brigandline, 15th century. GORGET. A piece of armor protecting the throat and sometimes the upper part of the breast." -Whitney, 1911

Gorget

"1, Hausse-col (a) attached to the brigandline, 15th century. GORGET. A piece of armor protecting the…

"2, Hausse-col (a) worn over mail, early 15th century. GORGET. A piece of armor protecting the throat and sometimes the upper part of the breast." -Whitney, 1911

Gorget

"2, Hausse-col (a) worn over mail, early 15th century. GORGET. A piece of armor protecting the throat…

"Gothic Style of Armor. Monument of Count Otto IV of Henneberg." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Gothic Armor

"Gothic Style of Armor. Monument of Count Otto IV of Henneberg." — The Encyclopedia Britannica,…

"Represents the interior view of a bronze shield and a pair of greaves. These greaves are made right and left." — Anthon, 1891

Greaves and shield

"Represents the interior view of a bronze shield and a pair of greaves. These greaves are made right…

Armor worn by the Greek soldiers as art armor.

Greek Armor (Art Armor)

Armor worn by the Greek soldiers as art armor.

"In the Homeric times, the Greeks used a belt for the sword, and another for the shield. These passed over the shoulders and crossed upon the breast. The shield-belt lay over the other, and was the larger and broader of the two. This mode of carrying the shield was subsequently laid aside, on account of its inconvenience. The later method is shown." — Anthon, 1891

Greek with shield

"In the Homeric times, the Greeks used a belt for the sword, and another for the shield. These passed…

A glove used in the sport hawking, employed to protect ones hand and wrist from the talons and beak of the hawk rest on it.

Hawking Glove

A glove used in the sport hawking, employed to protect ones hand and wrist from the talons and beak…

Heaume, early 13th century.

Heaume

Heaume, early 13th century.

Heaume, early 15th century.

Heaume

Heaume, early 15th century.

Heaume, early 15th century.

Heaume

Heaume, early 15th century.

This illustration shows the gems worn on the breast plate of the high priest of the Hebrews. Each of these gems is mentioned in the Bible.
1) Cornelian (Reuben)
2) Topaz (Simeon)
3) Emerald (Levi)
4) Ruby (Judah)
5) Sapphire (Issachar)
6) Diamond (Zebulon)
7) Hyacinth (Dan)
8) Agate (Naphtali)
9) Amethyst (Gad)
10) Chrysolite (Asher)
11) Sardonyx (Joseph)
12) Jasper (Benjamin)

Hebrew Breastplate

This illustration shows the gems worn on the breast plate of the high priest of the Hebrews. Each of…

"The closed helmet seen in profile is appropriated to esquires and gentlemen." -Hall, 1862

Closed Helmet Direct

"The closed helmet seen in profile is appropriated to esquires and gentlemen." -Hall, 1862

"The position of the helmet is a mark of distinction. The direct front view of the grated helmet belongs to sovereign princes and dukes." -Hall, 1862

Grated Helmet Direct

"The position of the helmet is a mark of distinction. The direct front view of the grated helmet belongs…

"The helmet without bars, with the beaver open, standing directly fronting the spectator, denotes a knight." -Hall, 1862

Open Helmet Direct

"The helmet without bars, with the beaver open, standing directly fronting the spectator, denotes a…

"The grated helmet in profile is common to all degrees of peerage under a duke." -Hall, 1862

Grated Helmet Profile

"The grated helmet in profile is common to all degrees of peerage under a duke." -Hall, 1862

"BEAVER. That part of the helmet that defends the sight." -Hall, 1862

Helmet with Beaver

"BEAVER. That part of the helmet that defends the sight." -Hall, 1862

"Fan-crest, about 1350. A form of crest common in the middle ages at different periods, as in the reign of Richard I. of England, whose second great seal shows this crest, and again at the end of the thirteenth century, when it assumed the shape of a fan or screen with radiating ribs, attached to the helm at a single point." -Whitney, 1911

Medieval Helmet with Fan Crest

"Fan-crest, about 1350. A form of crest common in the middle ages at different periods, as in the reign…

An illustration of a helmet with mesail in two parts.

Hemet with Mesail

An illustration of a helmet with mesail in two parts.

Full-barred helmet, protects entire face.

Helmet, Full Barred

Full-barred helmet, protects entire face.

An open helmet, which covers only the head, ears, and neck.

Helmet, Open

An open helmet, which covers only the head, ears, and neck.

""The crested Achilles was pressing on in his chariot." Some idea of the ancient crests may be formed from the following woodcuts, selected from ancient gems." — Anthon, 1891

Crested helmets

""The crested Achilles was pressing on in his chariot." Some idea of the ancient crests may be formed…

King's full-faced helmet, with six bars.

Heraldry, King

King's full-faced helmet, with six bars.

Knight's full-faced helmet of steel. Open visor.

Heraldry, Knight

Knight's full-faced helmet of steel. Open visor.

Five-barred noble's helmet.

Heraldry, Noble

Five-barred noble's helmet.

Horsemen, Three Abreast, with Banners, from the engraving 'The Triumphal Procession' by Hans Burgkmair.

Horsemen, Three Abreast, with Banners

Horsemen, Three Abreast, with Banners, from the engraving 'The Triumphal Procession' by Hans Burgkmair.

Jambes, or armor footwear.

Jambes

Jambes, or armor footwear.

A knight wearing a suit of armor, presented by the Emperor Maximillian to Henry VIII.

Knight

A knight wearing a suit of armor, presented by the Emperor Maximillian to Henry VIII.

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil." —D'Anvers, 1895

Knight

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil." —D'Anvers, 1895

An illustration of a knight sitting on a horse wearing a full suit of armor.

Knight in Full Armor

An illustration of a knight sitting on a horse wearing a full suit of armor.

"The armor and lance of a knight of 1550."—Gordy, 1912

Knight of 1550

"The armor and lance of a knight of 1550."—Gordy, 1912

The Knight, an engraving from William Caxton's Game and Playe of the Chesse.

The Knight

The Knight, an engraving from William Caxton's Game and Playe of the Chesse.

Heavily armored knights engaged in battle.

Knights Armor

Heavily armored knights engaged in battle.

A man standing in an armored lookout.

An Armored Lookout

A man standing in an armored lookout.

A man dressed in plate armor riding a horse.

Man on Horseback

A man dressed in plate armor riding a horse.

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

Man with Spear

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

An illustration of a 13th century mask of steel.

Mask of Steel

An illustration of a 13th century mask of steel.

The 'mitten' superseded the gauntlet of the 14th century. Rather than having separate, unjointed fingers, it had jointed steel plates (meshed), for the fingers.

Mitten (Armor)

The 'mitten' superseded the gauntlet of the 14th century. Rather than having separate, unjointed fingers,…

Art on a Greek vase from Mycenae in about 1200 B.C.

Mycenae

Art on a Greek vase from Mycenae in about 1200 B.C.

Norman armor

Norman armor

Norman armor

A infantry pikeman.

Pikeman

A infantry pikeman.

Protected cruisers were a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because their deck armour offered protection for vital machine spaces from shrapnel caused by exploding shells above.

A United States protected Cruiser at Sea

Protected cruisers were a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because their deck…

"The quatrefoil is four-leaved grass; a frequent bearing in coat-armor."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Quatrefoil

"The quatrefoil is four-leaved grass; a frequent bearing in coat-armor."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart,…

Armor worn by the Roman soldiers; art armor.

Roman Cuirass (Art Armor)

Armor worn by the Roman soldiers; art armor.

Armor worn by the Roman soldiers as scale armor.

Roman Cuirass (Scale Armor)

Armor worn by the Roman soldiers as scale armor.

"A skull-cap of steel worn sometimes under and sometimes over the camail." -Whitney, 1911

Secret

"A skull-cap of steel worn sometimes under and sometimes over the camail." -Whitney, 1911

A shield showing the semé pattern of Fleurs-de-lis.

Semé Shield

A shield showing the semé pattern of Fleurs-de-lis.

A round, handheld shield used as military armor.

Shield

A round, handheld shield used as military armor.

This shield is made out of iron. It is cut in fanciful technique and inlaid with gold and silver.

Shield

This shield is made out of iron. It is cut in fanciful technique and inlaid with gold and silver.

A Norman kite shield of the 10th or 11th century, considered the beginning of the High Middle Ages.

Kite Shield

A Norman kite shield of the 10th or 11th century, considered the beginning of the High Middle Ages.

A shield of mounted men-at-arms from the first half of the 13th century, considered the High Middle Ages.

Medieval Shield

A shield of mounted men-at-arms from the first half of the 13th century, considered the High Middle…

An illustration of a Roman soldier with a spear and shield.

Roman Soldier with Spear & Shield

An illustration of a Roman soldier with a spear and shield.

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric sword had generally a straight, two-edged blade, rather broad, and nearly of equal width from hilt to point." — Anthon, 1891

Greek soldier

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric…

A Roman soldier.

Roman soldier

A Roman soldier.

An illustration of a knight and three men at arms wearing iron armors during the fourteenth century.

Fourteenth Century Knight and Men at Arms

An illustration of a knight and three men at arms wearing iron armors during the fourteenth century.

"'Exulting in the tawny covering of a she-wolf, such as his foster-parent was.' Alluding to the custom on the part of the ancient heroes of arraying themselves in the skins of wild animals, in order to strike more terror into the foe and of either making a part of the hide answer the purposes of a helmet, or decking the helmet with it, <em>Genetricis</em>." — Anthon, 1891

Greek soldiers

"'Exulting in the tawny covering of a she-wolf, such as his foster-parent was.' Alluding to the custom…

"Steel Armet, about A.D. 1450. A, calotte or cap; a, neck-guard riveted to A, and having a prolongation upward toward the crown; B, upper vizor, or umbril, with sight- or eye-hole; C, vizor with opening for breathing; D, aventaile, opening sidewise on hinges; E, rim of the sidewise on hinges; E, rim of the gorgerin (it has a groove between two ridges, which groove recieves the loer edge of the armet proper); F, one of two upright pins upon which the pauldrons are adjusted. The gorgerin is of three pieces, movable upon one another, and all riveted to a leather band beneath."-Whitney, 1902

Steel Armet

"Steel Armet, about A.D. 1450. A, calotte or cap; a, neck-guard riveted to A, and having a prolongation…