"A long lost son seeks his lov'd home once more; / An heir of wealth, although in clothing poor: / The dogs fly at him; loud they're barking, / Those in the house are closely heark'ning, / Robbers they say are round, they greatly fear, / But soon a son and brother's voice they hear."—Barber, 1857

All Are Not Thieves that Dogs Bark At

"A long lost son seeks his lov'd home once more; / An heir of wealth, although in clothing poor: / The…

"A Bark, or Barque, is a three-masted vessel of which the foremast and mainmast are square-rigged, but the mizzenmast has fore-and-aft sails only."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Bark

"A Bark, or Barque, is a three-masted vessel of which the foremast and mainmast are square-rigged, but…

The outside covering of a tree; the rind.

Bark

The outside covering of a tree; the rind.

Illustrated is the bark of pinus sylvestris invaded by peridermium pini. A represents young peridia and B represents peridium opened.

Bark of Pinus Sylvestris Invaded by Peridermium Pini

Illustrated is the bark of pinus sylvestris invaded by peridermium pini. A represents young peridia…

"The bark lies immediately beneath the epidermis. It consists of several layers. In the early state it is cellular, and is exactly like the pith with which it is in contact; but by the production of vessels and woody fiber, they are separated and become very different in appearance and constitution. The bark consists of two portions, the cellular and vascular, the latter of which is called liber, and the inner portion of the bark."—Darby, 1855

The Bark

"The bark lies immediately beneath the epidermis. It consists of several layers. In the early state…

An illustration depicting Native American water vessels:A. Iroquois vessel of birchbarkB. Zuni woven water bottleC. Hauasupai boiling basket

Native American baskets

An illustration depicting Native American water vessels: A. Iroquois vessel of birchbark B. Zuni woven…

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; adult." —Davison, 1906

Pine Beetle

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; adult." —Davison, 1906

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; pupa." —Davison, 1906

Pine Beetle

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; pupa." —Davison, 1906

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; larva." —Davison, 1906

Pine Beetle

"Pine-bark beetle whose work has made pine lumber expensive; larva." —Davison, 1906

"Galleries of the spruce-destroying beetle beneath the bark of a spruce tree." —Davison, 1906

Spruce Beetle

"Galleries of the spruce-destroying beetle beneath the bark of a spruce tree." —Davison, 1906

"An evergreen of the laurel family, having glossy leaves and bearing clusters of yellowish flowers, which are succeeded by branches of fruit resembling black currants." -Lupton

Camphor Tree

"An evergreen of the laurel family, having glossy leaves and bearing clusters of yellowish flowers,…

Don Quixote and the enchanted bark.

Don Quixote

Don Quixote and the enchanted bark.

"Exogen. 1. Section of a branch of three years' growth: a, medulla or pith; b b, medullary sheath; e e, medullary rays; c c c, circles of annual growth; d, bark. 2. Netted veined leaf (oak). 3. Dicotyledonous seed: a, cotyledon. 4. Germination of dicotyledonous seed: a a, seed-leaves or cotyledons; o, plumula. 5. Exogenous flower (crowfoot)." -Whitney, 1911

Section of Branch Showing Exogen

"Exogen. 1. Section of a branch of three years' growth: a, medulla or pith; b b, medullary sheath; e…

A barbed wire fence cutting in to a tree's trunk.

Fencepost, cutting into a tree

A barbed wire fence cutting in to a tree's trunk.

The branch of a Hicoria villosa tree, a species of hickory.

Branch of Hicoria Villosa

The branch of a Hicoria villosa tree, a species of hickory.

"Bark house of Iroquois." -Jenks, 1911

Iroquois Bark house

"Bark house of Iroquois." -Jenks, 1911

"Longitudinal tangential section of [maple], showing the ends of the medullary rays." - Century, 1889

Longitudinal Tangential Section of Maple

"Longitudinal tangential section of [maple], showing the ends of the medullary rays." - Century, 1889

"Longitudinal radial section through the wood of a branch of maple one year old: P, pith; B, bark." -Century, 1889 In botany, Medullary rays refer to a characteristic found in woods. In this context the term refers to radial sheets or ribbons extending vertically through the tree across and perpendicular to the growth rings. Also called pith rays or wood rays, these formations of primarily parenchyma cells allow the radial transmission of sap.

Medullary Rays of Maple

"Longitudinal radial section through the wood of a branch of maple one year old: P, pith; B, bark."…

An illustration of a bird nesting box made out of chestnut bark.

Chestnut Bark Nesting House

An illustration of a bird nesting box made out of chestnut bark.

A characteristic found in woods. They are the radial ribbons extending vertically through the tree across and perpendicular to the growth rings.

Medullary Rays

A characteristic found in woods. They are the radial ribbons extending vertically through the tree across…

The central part of the stem is the pith, then is the cellular tissue and finally the bark.

Woody Stem

The central part of the stem is the pith, then is the cellular tissue and finally the bark.

The central part of the stem is the pith, then is the cellular tissue and finally the bark.

Woody Stem

The central part of the stem is the pith, then is the cellular tissue and finally the bark.

A stick.

Stick

A stick.

Inside of the broken limb, showing the decay that entered.

Inside the tree limb

Inside of the broken limb, showing the decay that entered.

The decayed hole where a limb was removed. The wood-destroying fungi caused the tree to break.

A hole in a tree

The decayed hole where a limb was removed. The wood-destroying fungi caused the tree to break.

A long stub left in pruning. The wound cannot heal. The tape shows how far the trunk is hollow. The tree will soon blow over.

Stub of a limb of a tree

A long stub left in pruning. The wound cannot heal. The tape shows how far the trunk is hollow. The…

An illustration of a "sacred water vessel of zuni indians." -Jenks, 1911

Water vessel

An illustration of a "sacred water vessel of zuni indians." -Jenks, 1911

A cross-section of wood infested with insects.

Infested wood

A cross-section of wood infested with insects.