A wild buffalo.

Arna

A wild buffalo.

"The European species of the bison. Has a very broad head and arched forehead; the eyes large and dark; the hair on the forehead is long and wavy, and under the chin and breasts forms a kind of beard. In the winter, the whole of the neck, hump, and shoulders are covered with long dusky-brown hair, intermingled with a soft fur." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Aurochs

"The European species of the bison. Has a very broad head and arched forehead; the eyes large and dark;…

Immense herds of the bison occupy the vast plains. A single herd is said sometimes to consist of ten thousand, (Smiley, 1839).

Bison

Immense herds of the bison occupy the vast plains. A single herd is said sometimes to consist of ten…

"The head is very large and carried low; the eyes are small, black, and piercing; the horns are short, small, sharp, set far apart, and directed outward and backward, so as to be erect, with a slight curve toward the outward pointing tips." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

American Bison

"The head is very large and carried low; the eyes are small, black, and piercing; the horns are short,…

A family of bison.

American Bison

A family of bison.

The American Bison (Bison bison) is a bovine mammal, also commonly known as the American buffalo. 'Buffalo' is something of a misnomer for this animal as it is only distantly related to either of the two "true buffaloes", the water buffalo and the African Buffalo. The bison once inhabited the Grasslands of the United States and Asia in massive herds, ranging from the Great Slave Lake in Canada's far north to Mexico in the south, and from eastern Oregon almost to the Atlantic Ocean, taking its subspecies into account. Its two subspecies are the Plains Bison (Bison bison bison), distinguished by its smaller size and more rounded hump, and the Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae), distinguished by its larger size and taller square hump. Wood Bison are one of the largest species of cattle in the world, surpassed in size only by the massive Asian gaur and Wild Asian Water Buffalo, both of which are found mainly in India and Southeast Asia.

North American Bison

The American Bison (Bison bison) is a bovine mammal, also commonly known as the American buffalo. 'Buffalo'…

The common American Buffalo.

American Buffalo

The common American Buffalo.

"The tame buffalo is trained to domestic uses, especially for draught, and is commonly employed for this purpose. Its milk is little used and its flesh is rank." — S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Tame Buffalo

"The tame buffalo is trained to domestic uses, especially for draught, and is commonly employed for…

"The American buffalo, or more properly <em>bison</em>, is an object of great importance to the hunters and travellers in the western regions of this continent." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Native Americans hunting

"The American buffalo, or more properly bison, is an object of great importance to the hunters…

"They frequent rocky regions desitute of woods, living on grass in the mild season and on lichens in the winter. They are about one third the size of the common ox, one of them weighing three to four hundred pounds. The horns are broad at the base, and meet and cover hte brow and crown of the head. General color of the hair is brown." &mdash; S. G. Goodrich, 1885

Musk Ox

"They frequent rocky regions desitute of woods, living on grass in the mild season and on lichens in…