An anvil is a basic tool, in the simplest terms it is a block with a hard surface on which another object is struck. The inertia of the anvil allows the energy of the striking tool to be transferred to the work piece.

Anvil Tool

An anvil is a basic tool, in the simplest terms it is a block with a hard surface on which another object…

"Bessemer Converting Vessel. Bessemer Steel is steel made direct from pig iron by a process patented in 1855, and subsequently, by Henry Bessemer. This process, as now worked, is briefly as follows: The pig iron is remelted in a cupola, and poured into a large vessel called a converter, lined with fire bricks and capable of revolving upon horizontal trunnions." -Vaughan, 1906

Bessemer Converting Vessel

"Bessemer Converting Vessel. Bessemer Steel is steel made direct from pig iron by a process patented…