(1783-1830) Simon Bolivar was a patriot for South American Independence. He fought against the Spanish for his country of Venezuela. The southern part of Peru was named Bolivia, in honor of him.

Simon Bolivar

(1783-1830) Simon Bolivar was a patriot for South American Independence. He fought against the Spanish…

Bolivian fabric pattern sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Bolivian Cloth

Bolivian fabric pattern sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Bolivian hanging jar sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Bolivian Pot

Bolivian hanging jar sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

"Bolivia raises some of the best cinchona, although excellent cinchona is also raised in Peru and all along the eastern slopes of the Andes between here and Columbia." —Carpenter, 1902

Cinchona

"Bolivia raises some of the best cinchona, although excellent cinchona is also raised in Peru and all…

Ruins at Escoma in Bolivia.

Escoma

Ruins at Escoma in Bolivia.

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Ruins at Quellenata in Bolivia.

Quellenata

Ruins at Quellenata in Bolivia.

Ruins of Sillustani in Peru.

Sillustani

Ruins of Sillustani in Peru.

"Vicuna is a native of the most elevated localities of Bolivia and northern Chile. It is very wild, and has resisted all attempts to reduce it to a state of domestication. It is the smallest species of the genus, standing only about 30 inches at the shoulder. It is extremely active and sure-footed, and is seldom taken alive. In habit it somewhat resembles the chamois, as it lives in herds in the regions of perpetual snow. The soft, silky fur is in much demand for making delicate fabrics, and many thousands of these animals are slaughtered annually for the sake of the skins. "—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Vicuna

"Vicuna is a native of the most elevated localities of Bolivia and northern Chile. It is very wild,…