"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal kinds known respectively as "fishtail" and "batwing" burners. The fishtail or union burner has two orifices driller in its surface, which are inclined towards each other at the angle of 90 degrees, so that the issuing currents impinge and spread the flame in a broad sheet." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Burner

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal…

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal kinds known respectively as "fishtail" and "batwing" burners. The fishtail or union burner has two orifices driller in its surface, which are inclined towards each other at the angle of 90 degrees, so that the issuing currents impinge and spread the flame in a broad sheet." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Burner

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal…

A gas burner is a device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene, natural gas or propane. Some burners have an air inlet to mix the fuel gas with air to make a complete combustion.

Gas Burner

A gas burner is a device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene,…

A nozzle or jet on a fitting through which combustible gas is released to burn. Also called gas jet.

Gas Burner

A nozzle or jet on a fitting through which combustible gas is released to burn. Also called gas jet.

Burner such that combustible gas issues from a nozzle to form a steady flame

Gas Burner

Burner such that combustible gas issues from a nozzle to form a steady flame

Burner such that combustible gas issues from a nozzle to form a steady flame

Gas Burner

Burner such that combustible gas issues from a nozzle to form a steady flame

Device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene, natural gas or propane. Some burners have an air inlet to mix the fuel gas with air to make a complete combustion. Acetylene is commonly used in combination with oxygen.

Gas Burner

Device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene, natural gas or…

A common piece of laboratory equipment that produces a single open gas flame, which is used for heating, sterilization, and combustion.

Gas Burner

A common piece of laboratory equipment that produces a single open gas flame, which is used for heating,…

A device, as in a furnace, stove, or gas lamp, that is lighted to produce a flame.

Mantle Burner

A device, as in a furnace, stove, or gas lamp, that is lighted to produce a flame.

An oil burner is a heating device which burns fuel oil. The oil is atomized in to a fine spray usually by forcing it under pressure through a nozzle.

Oil Burner

An oil burner is a heating device which burns fuel oil. The oil is atomized in to a fine spray usually…

"Catadioptric Fixed Light.—This apparatus, in which a central burner is used, consists of a dioptric cylindric refractor with zones of silvered mirror above and below similar in profile to Bordier Marcet's reflector. By the adoption of the refractor the whole of the wasteful divergence which occurs in Marcet's reflector is prevented. We have here a geometrically perfect combination, but it is not so physically, because metallic reflexion is used. This physical defect Fresnel obviated in his next design." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Catadiopteric Light

"Catadioptric Fixed Light.—This apparatus, in which a central burner is used, consists of a dioptric…

"Catadioptric Fixed Light.—This apparatus, in which a central burner is used, consists of a dioptric cylindric refractor with zones of silvered mirror above and below similar in profile to Bordier Marcet's reflector. By the adoption of the refractor the whole of the wasteful divergence which occurs in Marcet's reflector is prevented. We have here a geometrically perfect combination, but it is not so physically, because metallic reflexion is used. This physical defect Fresnel obviated in his next design." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Catadiopteric Light

"Catadioptric Fixed Light.—This apparatus, in which a central burner is used, consists of a dioptric…

A melting pot used to heat things to extremely night temperatures.

Crucible

A melting pot used to heat things to extremely night temperatures.

A melting pot used to heat things to extremely night temperatures.

Crucible

A melting pot used to heat things to extremely night temperatures.

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.—By combining the back prisms ga, hc just described with a semi-holophote abc subtending 180 degrees and a portion of the dioptric spherical mirror ijk, no light is lost on the burner, and all the rays are parallelized, so that this apparatus, being all of glass, is both geometrically and physically perfect." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Dioptric Holophote

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.—By combining the back prisms ga, hc just…

"An improved form of the lamp, in which a portion of the cone B is removed to show the two parallel flat wicks A, A, which have each a separate slit or opening in the cone. C is the coincident winder for raising or lowering the wicks in the tubes, by which the wicks can be moved separately or simultaneously as desired. D is a lever for raising the extinguishers E, whereby not onl is the light instantly extinguished, but the wicks are also covered and protected from dirt, while all evaporation by the wick-holder is prevented." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Duplex Burner

"An improved form of the lamp, in which a portion of the cone B is removed to show the two parallel…

"Holophotal Fixed Light varied by Flashes.—Fresnel's double agents are here also dispensed with by the single agency of panels of fixed light apparatus p', p' and cylindrical refractors L', L', alternating with panels of holophotal apparatus p, p, L, L, both of which revolve together round the central burner." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Holophotal Light

"Holophotal Fixed Light varied by Flashes.—Fresnel's double agents are here also dispensed with…

"Argand got his first suggestion for his burner-- invented in 1780-- from this style of alcohol lamp, then in general use throughout France." -Bodmer, 1917

Alcohol Lamp

"Argand got his first suggestion for his burner-- invented in 1780-- from this style of alcohol lamp,…

a is the burner tip for an oxy-hydrogen flame, and b is the cylinder of quicklime.

Lime-Light Burner

a is the burner tip for an oxy-hydrogen flame, and b is the cylinder of quicklime.

"The moderator lamp, invented by M. Franchot about 1836, from the simplicity and efficiency of its arrangements rapidly superseded about all other forms of mechanical lamps. The two essential features of the moderator lamp are (1) the strong spiral spring which, acting on a piston within the cylindrical reservoir of the lamp, serves to propel the oil to the burner, and (2) the ascending tube C through which the oil passes upwards to the burner. The latter consist of two sections, the lower fixed to and passing through the piston A into the oil reservoir, and the upper attached to the burner. The lower or piston section moves within the upper, which forms a sheath enclosing nearly its whole length when the spring is fully wound up." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Moderator Lamp

"The moderator lamp, invented by M. Franchot about 1836, from the simplicity and efficiency of its arrangements…

This gas producer, or gasifier is a wood fueled gasification reactor, usually mounted on top of an internal combustion engine.

Gas Producer

This gas producer, or gasifier is a wood fueled gasification reactor, usually mounted on top of an internal…

"An example of a form of reading lamp is seen here. The lamp is mounted on a standard on which it can be raised or lowered at will, and fixed by a thumb screw. The oil reservoir is in two parts, the upper ac being an inverted flask which fits into bb, from which the burner is directly fed through the tube d; h is an overflow cup for any oil that escapes at the burner, and it is pierced with air-holes for admitting the current of air to the center tube of the Argand burner. The lamp is filled with oil by withdrawing the flask ac, filling it, and inverting it into its place. The under reservoir bb fills from it to the burner level ee, on a line with the mouth of ac. so soon as that level falls below the mouth of ac, a bubble of air gets access to the upper reservoir, and oil again fills up bb to the level ec, and so on it goes as long as combustion continues and the supply of oil in ac endures." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Reading Lamp

"An example of a form of reading lamp is seen here. The lamp is mounted on a standard on which it can…

"Ruedorf's sand-bath, a simple form of sand-bath in which the temperature can be regulated by raising or lowering an S-shaped burner." -Whitney, 1911

Ruedorf's Sand Bath

"Ruedorf's sand-bath, a simple form of sand-bath in which the temperature can be regulated by raising…