A diagram showing six different parts of a grape vine. These parts include the shoot, cane, arm, branch, spur, and stem (trunk).

Ideal Vine for Cane Renewal

A diagram showing six different parts of a grape vine. These parts include the shoot, cane, arm, branch,…

The large cane, which forms the cane brakes of the southern states. It grows from 10 to 20 feet in height with leaves 1 to 2 inches wide.

The Large Cane

The large cane, which forms the cane brakes of the southern states. It grows from 10 to 20 feet in height…

"The apron is supported and carried by flanged wheels, fixed at distances apart upon shafts, one of he shafts begin placed near the mill, and the other at the outer extremity of apron. A chain band, adapted to a chain wheel on the end of the feeling roll shaft, and leading from thence to a similar wheel upon the end of the flageshaft nearest the mill, communicates motion to the apron. It should travel somewhat slower that the surface of the rolls." -Commissioner, 1865

Cane-apron

"The apron is supported and carried by flanged wheels, fixed at distances apart upon shafts, one of…

"This is a genus worthy of cultivation in all collections, as its lively flowers are produced in great abundance and at all seasons; many species are now in our collections; and a rich light soil suits all of them best. They are propagated by divisions of the roots or by seeds, which they produce in abundance."—Heinrich, 1887

Cannas

"This is a genus worthy of cultivation in all collections, as its lively flowers are produced in great…

The cane chair's seat or back is of woven cane-work or padded. The Chair is termed "cane" meaning upholstered.

Modern Cane Chair

The cane chair's seat or back is of woven cane-work or padded. The Chair is termed "cane" meaning upholstered.

The cane chair's seat or back is of woven cane-work or padded. The Chair is termed "cane" meaning upholstered.

Modern cane chair

The cane chair's seat or back is of woven cane-work or padded. The Chair is termed "cane" meaning upholstered.

A boy giving a man directions.

Directions

A boy giving a man directions.

All woven seats need a protective finish. Caned surfaces may be left natural and waxed, or they may be clear- varnished or shellacked. Shellac or varnish produces a hard glossy surface. A wax finish has a softer appearance, is easy to clean, and does not dry the cane. Also a wax finish permits tightening the seat if it stretches.

Machine For Inserting Diagonal Strips in Woven Cane Work

All woven seats need a protective finish. Caned surfaces may be left natural and waxed, or they may…

Man with cane running to catch train.

Man

Man with cane running to catch train.

An illustration of a man standing hold his cane in one hand and his hat in the other.

Man

An illustration of a man standing hold his cane in one hand and his hat in the other.

An older adult male and a young girl walking together. The young girl is holding tight to the older male's coat while the man is holding on to his cane.

Man and Child Walking

An older adult male and a young girl walking together. The young girl is holding tight to the older…

An illustration of a man in a checkered suit with a top hat and cane.

Man in Checkered Suit

An illustration of a man in a checkered suit with a top hat and cane.

An illustration of a man wearing a robe and top hat.

Man in Robe with Top Hat

An illustration of a man wearing a robe and top hat.

An illustration of a man wearing a top hat.

Man in Top Hat

An illustration of a man wearing a top hat.

An illustration of a man asleep on a bench with another man standing in front of him holding a cane.

Man on Bench

An illustration of a man asleep on a bench with another man standing in front of him holding a cane.

An illustration of a man walking with a cane and smoking a cigar.

Man Smoking

An illustration of a man walking with a cane and smoking a cigar.

An older adult male using an umbrella as a crutch as he walks.

Man Walking

An older adult male using an umbrella as a crutch as he walks.

An illustration of a man walking with a large cane.

Man Walking with Cane

An illustration of a man walking with a large cane.

Man stading with cane.

Man With Cane

Man stading with cane.

An illustration of a man wearing a black top hat and holding a cane in his left hand.

Man with Hat and Cane

An illustration of a man wearing a black top hat and holding a cane in his left hand.

An illustration of a man with a top hat and cane.

Man with Top Hat and Cane

An illustration of a man with a top hat and cane.

Two men in their jackets and hats, on the street.

Men

Two men in their jackets and hats, on the street.

Two men in a kitchen, talking.

Men

Two men in a kitchen, talking.

"The accompanying engraving is an illustration of a new style vertical mill in which an attempt is made to embody all the improvements which have been suggested by experience, and to furnish a complete vertical cane mill. In this machine the hearing is placed between the rolls, giving access to the boxes; the small wheels are lapped, bringing the minor rolls close together, and dispensing with the guide plate or 'dumb returner;' the main roll has a wide flange; the sweep cap has a square eye fitted to the squared end of the main shaft removable by hand; the weight of the rolls is supported upon the ends of the shafts in adjustable oil-tight boxes; the feed roll is fluted to facilitate the entrance of the cane to the mill; the top and bottom plates are diagonally braced as represent, and the construction of the whole machine is such that the mill may be taken entirely apart by simply unscrewing the corner bolts, no keys being used in any part of the machine." -Commissioner, 1865

Vertical cane mill

"The accompanying engraving is an illustration of a new style vertical mill in which an attempt is made…

"To avoid the inconvenience of having the team travel around the mill, interfering with the passing to and fro with cane and bagasse, the plan has been adopted by one manufacturer at least, of prolonging the main shaft of the mill down through the floor, and there coupling it with another shaft which continues down and rests in a step on the floor of a lower story or basement. The sweep is attached to the shaft below, and the team is thus removed from around the mill leaving the space unobstructed." -Commission, 1865

Vertical cane mill

"To avoid the inconvenience of having the team travel around the mill, interfering with the passing…

"As I was going up Pippin Hill, Pippin Hill was dirty. There I met a pretty miss, And she dropped me a curtsey."

Pippin Hill

"As I was going up Pippin Hill, Pippin Hill was dirty. There I met a pretty miss, And she dropped me…

Tibert the cat was caught in a trap and wounded by the priest who caught him. Reynard the Fox told Tibert that he can find many mice to eat in the priest's barn, knowing the priest has set a trap because Reynard stole a hen from him the night before.

Reynard the Fox: Wounded Tibert

Tibert the cat was caught in a trap and wounded by the priest who caught him. Reynard the Fox told Tibert…

A cane is a long, straight wooden stick, generally of bamboo, Malacca (rattan) or some similar plant, mainly used as a support, such as a walking stick, or as an instrument of punishment.

Cane Stripper

A cane is a long, straight wooden stick, generally of bamboo, Malacca (rattan) or some similar plant,…

Tall grasses native to the warm temperate and tropical climates. They contain stout fibrous stalks with sap rich in sugar.

Sugar Cane

Tall grasses native to the warm temperate and tropical climates. They contain stout fibrous stalks with…

"The plant tillers like wheat, but not to the same degree. The cane ground is kept clean by hand-hoeing, or by the plough." -Lupton

Gathering, Sugar Cane

"The plant tillers like wheat, but not to the same degree. The cane ground is kept clean by hand-hoeing,…

An illustration of a woman walking along a path with a cane.

Woman Walking with Cane

An illustration of a woman walking along a path with a cane.