"Cross moline. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Moline

"Cross moline. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

"Cross of Calvary. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross of Calvary

"Cross of Calvary. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of…

A heraldic shield with a Cross patée charge.

Cross Patée

A heraldic shield with a Cross patée charge.

A variation of the heraldic charge Cross patée, with concave colors.

Cross Patée Concaved

A variation of the heraldic charge Cross patée, with concave colors.

"Cross patonce. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Patonce

"Cross patonce. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

"Cross patriarchal. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Patriarchal

"Cross patriarchal. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any…

"Cross pattee. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Pattee

"Cross pattee. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

"Cross potent. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the others." -Hall, 1862

Cross Potent

"Cross potent. CROSS. An honourable ordinary, more used as a charge in a coat of arms than any of the…

"The Cross Recercelée is very similar to the Cross Moline, but the extremities are curled backwards."—Aveling, 1891

Cross Recercelée

"The Cross Recercelée is very similar to the Cross Moline, but the extremities are curled backwards."—Aveling,…

A Cross tri-parted.

Cross Tri-Parted

A Cross tri-parted.

"A Cross voided is not unlike the Cross double parted, but the bars do not run through or across the shield. It is, in fact, the Cross of St. George with the central area removed, so that only a thin outline remains."—Aveling, 1891

Cross Voided

"A Cross voided is not unlike the Cross double parted, but the bars do not run through or across the…

"It will be observed that the charge upon the shield in this instance is not the Cross, but the lozenges."—Aveling, 1891

Four Fusils in Cross

"It will be observed that the charge upon the shield in this instance is not the Cross, but the lozenges."—Aveling,…

"The Fimbriated Cross is a cross having a border of another tincture, generally for the purpose of allowing it, if it be of metal, to be placed upon a field of another metal; the fimbration, or intervening border, being of a color to prevent the violation of the rule that 'metal cannot be placed upon metal, or color upon color.'"—Aveling, 1891

Frimbriated Cross

"The Fimbriated Cross is a cross having a border of another tincture, generally for the purpose of allowing…

"A Cross crossed at the head."—Aveling, 1891

Patriarchal Cross

"A Cross crossed at the head."—Aveling, 1891

"CELESTIAL CROWN. Distinguished from any other crown by the stars on the points or rays that proceed from the circlet." -Hall, 1862

Celestial Crown

"CELESTIAL CROWN. Distinguished from any other crown by the stars on the points or rays that proceed…

"The Eastern Crown, called also the Radiated and the Antique crown, is borne both as a crest and as a charge."—Aveling, 1891

Eastern Crown

"The Eastern Crown, called also the Radiated and the Antique crown, is borne both as a crest and as…

"An egg-shaped, ornamental, covered cup, with a circular pedestal and base."—Aveling, 1891

Covered Cup

"An egg-shaped, ornamental, covered cup, with a circular pedestal and base."—Aveling, 1891

"CURTANA. The pointless sword of mercy is the principal in dignity of the three swords that are borne naked before the British monarchs at their coronation." -Hall, 1862

Curtana

"CURTANA. The pointless sword of mercy is the principal in dignity of the three swords that are borne…

"Distrbution of electrification on a charged hollow sphere. If an insulated conductor d be inserted through the opening in the sphere and brought in contact with the interior surface and afterwards carefully removed, it will be found, by testing with the gold leaf electroscope, tat it has recieved no charge. If touched to the outside, however, the conductor will recieve part of the charge." -Hawkins, 1917

Distribution of Charge

"Distrbution of electrification on a charged hollow sphere. If an insulated conductor d be inserted…

"Gules, a dolphin naiant embowed or. EMBOWED. Any thing bent or curved, like a bow." -Hall, 1862

Dolphin Embowed

"Gules, a dolphin naiant embowed or. EMBOWED. Any thing bent or curved, like a bow." -Hall, 1862

"Ninth Son, the DOUBLE QUATREFOIL. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They not only distinguish the sons of one family, but also denote the subordinate degrees in each house." -Hall, 1862

Double Quatrefoil

"Ninth Son, the DOUBLE QUATREFOIL. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in…

"Argent, a dragon proper, tail nowed. DRAGON.. An imaginary monster; a mixture of beast, bird, and reptile. It is frequently borne in crests and charges." -Hall, 1862

Dragon

"Argent, a dragon proper, tail nowed. DRAGON.. An imaginary monster; a mixture of beast, bird, and reptile.…

The heraldic charge of the eagle is one of the earliest charges. It holds the same rank that the lion maintains among beasts.

Eagle

The heraldic charge of the eagle is one of the earliest charges. It holds the same rank that the lion…

"An eagle's head erased, beaked, or. BEAKED. The beak of a bird being of a different tint from the body is said to be beaked." -Hall, 1862

Eagle Beaked

"An eagle's head erased, beaked, or. BEAKED. The beak of a bird being of a different tint from the body…

"Argent, an eagle displayed sable. DISPLAYED. A bird whose wings are expanded and legs spread is said to be displayed." -Hall, 1862

Eagle Displayed

"Argent, an eagle displayed sable. DISPLAYED. A bird whose wings are expanded and legs spread is said…

"Argent, an eagle proper en arrière. EN ARRIÈRE. An expression borrowed from the French, to signify any creature borne with its back to view." -Hall, 1862

Eagle en Arrière

"Argent, an eagle proper en arrière. EN ARRIÈRE. An expression borrowed from the French,…

The heraldic shield of King Edward I of England, reigning from 1272 to 1307.

Shield of Edward I

The heraldic shield of King Edward I of England, reigning from 1272 to 1307.

"Various methods have been devised for measuring electrostatic quantity, one of the simplest of which is with the Kinnersley electrical air-thermometer. When a spark passes between the balls within the larger tube, the confined air is expanded, and the liquid column in the smaller communicating tube rises, and thus approximately indicates the quantity of the charge." — Avery, 1895

Kinnersley electrical air-thermometer

"Various methods have been devised for measuring electrostatic quantity, one of the simplest of which…

"The electrophorus and meethod of using. Charge B; place A in contact with B, and touch A (left illustration). The disc is now charged by induction and will yield a spark when touched by the hand (right illustration)." -Hawkins, 1917

Electrophorus

"The electrophorus and meethod of using. Charge B; place A in contact with B, and touch A (left illustration).…

"The electroscope is an instrument for detecting and testing electrification. A metallic rod passes through the cork of a glass vessel, and terminates on the outside in a ball or a disk. The lower end of the rod carries two strips of gold-leaf or of aluminum foil that hang parallel and close together. When an electrified object is brought near the knob or into contact with it, the metal strips below become similarly charged and are, therefore, mutually repelled." — Avery, 1895

Electroscope

"The electroscope is an instrument for detecting and testing electrification. A metallic rod passes…

An electrical instrument used for measuring electric charge.

Electroscope

An electrical instrument used for measuring electric charge.

"Gold leaf electroscope; it consists of two strips of gold foil suspended from a brass rod within a glass jar. Used to detect the presence and sign of an electric charge." -Hawkins, 1917

Gold Leaf Electroscope

"Gold leaf electroscope; it consists of two strips of gold foil suspended from a brass rod within a…

"ESCALOP. The shell of a sea-fish, used to decorate the palmers on their way to and from Palestine; frequently used as a charge in Heraldry." -Hall, 1862

Escalop

"ESCALOP. The shell of a sea-fish, used to decorate the palmers on their way to and from Palestine;…

"The Helm of Esquires and Gentlemen has the vizor closed, and is placed in profile."—Aveling, 1891

Helm of Esquire

"The Helm of Esquires and Gentlemen has the vizor closed, and is placed in profile."—Aveling,…

"ETOILE. The French word for a star. It differs from the mullet in the number of points, and four of the points being rayant." -Hall, 1862

Etoile

"ETOILE. The French word for a star. It differs from the mullet in the number of points, and four of…

The shield of a knight of the time of Edward II. The lion's face is a common charge in heraldry.

Heraldic Shield with a Lion's Face

The shield of a knight of the time of Edward II. The lion's face is a common charge in heraldry.

Or flaunches gules. A gold shield charged with red flaunches.

Flanuched Gules

Or flaunches gules. A gold shield charged with red flaunches.

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

Fleur-de-Lis

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

Fleur-de-Lis

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

Fleur-de-Lis

A flower symbol used as a charge in heraldry, often seen as a stylized lily.

"FLEUR-DE-LIS. Supposed to represent the garden-lily. It is the bearing of the Bourbons of France, but is frequently introduced in English charges." -Hall, 1862

Fleur-de-Lis

"FLEUR-DE-LIS. Supposed to represent the garden-lily. It is the bearing of the Bourbons of France, but…

"Sixth Son, the FLEUR-DE-LIS. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number. They not only distinguish the sons of one family, but also denote the subordinate degrees in each house." -Hall, 1862

Fleur-De-Lis Difference

"Sixth Son, the FLEUR-DE-LIS. The differences used by armorists at the present time are nine in number.…

The heraldic charge borne by the sixth eldest son in a family.

The Fleur-de-lis

The heraldic charge borne by the sixth eldest son in a family.

"A roundel, barry wavy of six argent and azure, or more rarely having a greater number of barrulets." -Whitney, 1911

Fountain Charge

"A roundel, barry wavy of six argent and azure, or more rarely having a greater number of barrulets."…

"The black is left on the dexter side, showing that the husband is deceased, and that his wife survives him." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

"The black is left on the dexter side, showing that the husband is deceased, and that his wife survives…

The image "shows that the husband survives the wife." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

The image "shows that the husband survives the wife." -Hall, 1862

The image "shows that the husband and his first wife are deceased, and that the second wife is the survivor." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

The image "shows that the husband and his first wife are deceased, and that the second wife is the survivor."…

"The shield on the dexter side of the hatchment is parted per pale; first, the arms of the bishopric; second, the paternal arms of the bishop. The shield on the dexter side is the arms of the bishop impaling those of his wife as baron and femme; the ground of the hatchment is black round the sinister side of this shield, showing that it is the wife that is dead." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

"The shield on the dexter side of the hatchment is parted per pale; first, the arms of the bishopric;…

This image shows "the hatchment of a lady that has died unmarried. The arms of females of all ranks are placed in a lozenge-shaped shield." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

This image shows "the hatchment of a lady that has died unmarried. The arms of females of all ranks…

This image shows "the hatchment of the widow of a bishop; ... here the lozenge-shaped shield is parted per pale. Baron and femme:—first, parted paleways, on the dexter side the arms of the bishopric, on the sinister side the paternal arms of the bishop. Second, the arms of the femme: the widow of a bishop has a right to exhibit the arms of the see over which her husband presided, as though his death has dissolved all connection with the see. She has a right to emblazon all that will honour her deceased husband." -Hall, 1862

Funeral Atchievement

This image shows "the hatchment of the widow of a bishop; ... here the lozenge-shaped shield is parted…

"Fusil, In heraldry, a bearing differing from the lozenge in being longer in proportion to its breadth, and named from its shape, which resembles that of a spindle." -Whitney, 1911

Fusil Azure

"Fusil, In heraldry, a bearing differing from the lozenge in being longer in proportion to its breadth,…

"GALLEY. An ancient vessel propelled by oars; frequently used in shields of naval officers." -Hall, 1862

Galley

"GALLEY. An ancient vessel propelled by oars; frequently used in shields of naval officers." -Hall,…

"GAMBE. An obsolete French word, signifying a leg, and is still used in Heraldry, for the leg of a lion or other creature borne in coats of arms." -Hall, 1862

Gambe

"GAMBE. An obsolete French word, signifying a leg, and is still used in Heraldry, for the leg of a lion…

"Argent, a garbe proper. GARBE. The heraldic term for a sheaf of any kind of corn." -Hall, 1862

Garbe

"Argent, a garbe proper. GARBE. The heraldic term for a sheaf of any kind of corn." -Hall, 1862

"GAUNTLET. Armour for the hand." -Hall, 1862

Gauntlet

"GAUNTLET. Armour for the hand." -Hall, 1862

"GRIFFIN or GRYPHON. A chimerical animal, half bird, half beast." -Hall, 1862

Griffin

"GRIFFIN or GRYPHON. A chimerical animal, half bird, half beast." -Hall, 1862

"Argent, an habergeon proper. HABERGEON. A coat of mail: it is also called a corslet and cuirass." -Hall, 1862

Habergeon

"Argent, an habergeon proper. HABERGEON. A coat of mail: it is also called a corslet and cuirass." -Hall,…

"Argent, a sinister hand couped at the wrist and erected gules, within a bordure azure. BORDURE or BORDER. This was the most ancient difference in coats of arms, to distinguish different branches of the same family. It is a border round the edge of the shield. Its situation is always the same; but the inner edge may be varied." -Hall, 1862

Hand and Bordure

"Argent, a sinister hand couped at the wrist and erected gules, within a bordure azure. BORDURE or BORDER.…

"Shield of John de Hastings, K.G., Earl of Pembroke, Quatering De Hastings and De Valence, and impaling France ancient and England quarterly."—Aveling, 1891

Shield of John de Hastings

"Shield of John de Hastings, K.G., Earl of Pembroke, Quatering De Hastings and De Valence, and impaling…

"Argent, a salmon proper haurient. HAURIENT. A fish, in a perpendicular direction, with its head upwards." -Hall, 1862

Haurient

"Argent, a salmon proper haurient. HAURIENT. A fish, in a perpendicular direction, with its head upwards."…