An illustration of the floor plan of Salisbury Cathedral.

Salisbury Cathedral

An illustration of the floor plan of Salisbury Cathedral.

An illustration of the floor plan of Sens Cathedral. Sens Cathedral, Cathedral of St. Étienne or St. Stephen's Cathedral, Sens (Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Sens) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Sens, Bourgogne. One of the earliest Gothic buildings in France, it was begun in 1140 and belongs mainly to the 12th century, but was not complete until early in the 16th century. The architecture of its choir influenced, through the architect William of Sens, that of the choir of Canterbury Cathedral.

Sens Cathedral

An illustration of the floor plan of Sens Cathedral. Sens Cathedral, Cathedral of St. Étienne…

An Anglican cathedral on Ludgate Hill in London, England.

St. Paul's Cathedral

An Anglican cathedral on Ludgate Hill in London, England.

The Srasburg Cathedral viewed from the front.

Strasburg Cathedral

The Srasburg Cathedral viewed from the front.

An illustration of a Chaldaean Temple.

Chaldaean Temple

An illustration of a Chaldaean Temple.

"Chancel" is an architectural term for the space around the altar at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse. As well as the altar, the chancel usually houses the credence table, and seats for officiating and assisting ministers. In Anglican churches it will usually include the choir. In some traditions, the pulpit and lectern may be in the chancel, but in others these functions are considered proper to the nave.

An Unrestored Chancel

"Chancel" is an architectural term for the space around the altar at the liturgical east end of a traditional…

Choir Chapel, 14th century. Cathedral of Mantes, France.

Chapel

Choir Chapel, 14th century. Cathedral of Mantes, France.

An illustration of a small chapel surrounded by woods.

Chapel

An illustration of a small chapel surrounded by woods.

The Sainte Chapelle viewed from the front.

Sainte Chapelle

The Sainte Chapelle viewed from the front.

Two priests wearing the garmet.

Chasuble

Two priests wearing the garmet.

Boys singing in a choir at an outdoor chapel service. There is a wooden cross and a makeshift pulpit. A man stands to the right of the boys and appears to be a preacher.

Boys Singing in a Choir Outside

Boys singing in a choir at an outdoor chapel service. There is a wooden cross and a makeshift pulpit.…

An extravagant church at Hitterdal.

Church

An extravagant church at Hitterdal.

St. Louis, Missouri's cathedral as pictured in 1874.

Church

St. Louis, Missouri's cathedral as pictured in 1874.

An illustration of the Church of Christ located in St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

Church

An illustration of the Church of Christ located in St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

An illustration of the First Presbyterian Church of St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

Church

An illustration of the First Presbyterian Church of St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

An illustration of a small church

Church

An illustration of a small church

The first Methodist church in the US, Johns Street Church in New York.

Church

The first Methodist church in the US, Johns Street Church in New York.

An illustration of a small church and graveyard.

Church and Graveyard

An illustration of a small church and graveyard.

An illustration of the ruins of St. Finbar located in Charleston, SC.

Church Ruins

An illustration of the ruins of St. Finbar located in Charleston, SC.

An illustration of a church chapel viewed between building ruins.

Church Steeple

An illustration of a church chapel viewed between building ruins.

"Doorway of Barfestron Church, Kent." —D'Anvers, 1895

Barfeston Church

"Doorway of Barfestron Church, Kent." —D'Anvers, 1895

Tower of Barton-on-Humber church, Lincolnshire. Saxon Architecture is the earliest stage of native English architecture, its period being from the conversion of England to Christianity till the conquest or near it, when Norman architecture began to prevail.

Barton-on-Humber Church

Tower of Barton-on-Humber church, Lincolnshire. Saxon Architecture is the earliest stage of native English…

Christ Church Cathedral was established in 1823 as the first Episcopal congregation in Mobile, Alabama and the first in the State of Alabama. The cornerstone of the current Greek Revival building was laid in 1838, with construction completed in 1840.

Christ Church

Christ Church Cathedral was established in 1823 as the first Episcopal congregation in Mobile, Alabama…

An illustration of a group of people leaving church on a Sunday morning in England.

Group Leaving Church

An illustration of a group of people leaving church on a Sunday morning in England.

Monkwearmouth is an area of Sunderland located at the north side of the mouth of the River Wear. It was one of the three original settlements on the banks of the River Wear along with Bishopwearmouth and Sunderland, the area now known as the East End. It includes the area around St. Peter's Church and was once the main centre of Wearside shipbuilding and coalmining in the town. It is now host to a campus of the University of Sunderland and the National Glass Centre. It is served by the three Church of England churches of the Parish of Monkwearmouth. The locals of the area were called "Barbary Coasters". The borough stretches from Wearmouth Bridge to the harbour mouth on the north side of the river and is one of the oldest parts of Sunderland.

Monkwearmouth Church

Monkwearmouth is an area of Sunderland located at the north side of the mouth of the River Wear. It…

An illustration of the Presbyterian Church in Savannah, Georgia.

Presbyterian Church

An illustration of the Presbyterian Church in Savannah, Georgia.

Trinity Episcopal Church is a historic church in Mobile, Alabama. It was the first large Gothic Revival church built in Alabama. The church was established in 1845 and was the second Episcopal congregation in Mobile. The cornerstone for the building was placed on April 8, 1853 and was completed in 1857.

Trinity Church

Trinity Episcopal Church is a historic church in Mobile, Alabama. It was the first large Gothic Revival…

Trinity Church, at 79 Broadway in New York City, is a historic full service parish church in the Episcopal Diocese of New York. Trinity Church is located at the intersection of Broadway and Wall Street in downtown Manhattan. n 1696, Governor Benjamin Fletcher approved the purchase of land in Lower Manhattan by the Church of England community for construction of a new church. The parish received its charter from King William III of England on May 6, 1697. Its land grant specified an annual rent of one peppercorn due to the English crown. The present day Trinity Church, designed by architect Richard Upjohn, is considered a classic example of Gothic Revival architecture and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976 for its architectural significance and place within the history of New York City.

Trinity Church

Trinity Church, at 79 Broadway in New York City, is a historic full service parish church in the Episcopal…

The marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of stone, wood, glass, leather or straw to make a picture or pattern. This design is found in the San Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circle Pattern

The marble mosaic circle pattern is inlaid pieces of stone, wood, glass, leather or straw to make a…

This marble mosaic circular panel is found on the floor of the St. Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

Marble Mosaic Circular Panel

This marble mosaic circular panel is found on the floor of the St. Vitale church in Ravenna, Italy.

This Renaissance circular panel is found in a church in Kamenz, Germany.

Renaissance Circular Panel

This Renaissance circular panel is found in a church in Kamenz, Germany.

The Romanesque circular panel is a 12 century design found on the portal of the St. Laurence church in Segovia, Spain.

Romanesque Circular Panel

The Romanesque circular panel is a 12 century design found on the portal of the St. Laurence church…

A. Cross, B. Gate-house, C. Almonry, D. Chapel, E. Inner gate-house, F. Stable, G. Dormitory of lay brethren, H. Abbot's House. I. Kitchen, K. Refectory, L. Staircase to dormitory, M. Dormitory, N. Church, P. Library, R. Infirmary, S. Door to the church for the lay brothers, T. Base court, V. Great cloister, W. Small cloister, X. Boundary wall.

Bird Eye View of Citeaux

A. Cross, B. Gate-house, C. Almonry, D. Chapel, E. Inner gate-house, F. Stable, G. Dormitory of lay…

The "clearstory window of St. Leu d'Esserent, France" showing a sexfoil window, of six petals. -Whitney, 1911

Clerestory

The "clearstory window of St. Leu d'Esserent, France" showing a sexfoil window, of six petals. -Whitney,…

The altar cloth was embroidered by hand in gold and silk. It includes a drawing of a dove on the bottom. This cloth is used in a church setting.

Altar Cloth

The altar cloth was embroidered by hand in gold and silk. It includes a drawing of a dove on the bottom.…

West front view of the Cologne Cathedral in Germany.

Cologne Cathedral

West front view of the Cologne Cathedral in Germany.

"Germany's most beautiful cathedral, Cologne." -Foster, 1921

Cologne Cathedral

"Germany's most beautiful cathedral, Cologne." -Foster, 1921

"This edifice was begun in the eleventh century, but was not finished until our own day (1880). It is one of the most imposing monuments of Gothic architecture in the world."—Myers, 1905

The Cologne Cathedral

"This edifice was begun in the eleventh century, but was not finished until our own day (1880). It is…

During the reign of Queen Anne a valuable communion set was presented by her Majesty to the Mohawk chapel -- in other words, to her Majesty's loyal allies, the Mohawks, who at that time resided in the State of New-York.

Communion Plate Presented by Queen Anne

During the reign of Queen Anne a valuable communion set was presented by her Majesty to the Mohawk chapel…

This medieval console is found in a church in Athis, France.

Medieval Console

This medieval console is found in a church in Athis, France.

This Renaissance console is made out of marble. It is an Italian design found in the Santa Maria de Miracoli church in Venice, Italy.

Renaissance Console

This Renaissance console is made out of marble. It is an Italian design found in the Santa Maria de…

"Romanesque Arcaded Cornice. From a Church in Vienna." —D'Anvers, 1895

Arcaded cornice

"Romanesque Arcaded Cornice. From a Church in Vienna." —D'Anvers, 1895

"Crail Church (before the restoration)." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Crail Church

"Crail Church (before the restoration)." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Bishop's Crosier from the Papal Power period during the Middle Ages.

Crosier

Bishop's Crosier from the Papal Power period during the Middle Ages.

The gable of Church Cross is found in St. Urban's, Unterlimburg, Germany. It is used as a finial on Gables (top of roof).

Gable of Church Cross

The gable of Church Cross is found in St. Urban's, Unterlimburg, Germany. It is used as a finial on…

"The cross of the Danisn order of the Dannebrog, a white cross surmounting a red one, with the royal crown, the cipher of reigning soverign, and the motto "For God and the King," is a characteristic example of the use of the great Christian symbol in the insignia of the knighthood of the present day." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Dannebrog

"The cross of the Danisn order of the Dannebrog, a white cross surmounting a red one, with the royal…

This painting is by Giotto. It is fresco with many different levels. It can be found in the Peruzzi Chapel of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy.

The Daughter of Herodias Dancing Before Herod

This painting is by Giotto. It is fresco with many different levels. It can be found in the Peruzzi…

A building or a portion of a building in which is administered the right of baptism.

Baptistery of the Duomo

A building or a portion of a building in which is administered the right of baptism.

"Ground-plan of durham Cathedral." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Durham Cathedral

"Ground-plan of durham Cathedral." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England, was founded in AD 1093 and remains a centre for Christian worship today. Durham Castle is a Norman castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College, Durham. The castle stands on top of a hill above the River Wear on Durham's peninsula, opposite Durham Cathedral.

Durham Cathedral and Castle

The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred…

Early English style. Capital at Salisbury cathedral.

Early English capital

Early English style. Capital at Salisbury cathedral.

A sculpture representing and commemorating a person, usually in a church.

Effigy

A sculpture representing and commemorating a person, usually in a church.

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and a mausoleum. It is situated on the south-eastern versant of the Sierra de Guadarrama, on the borders of New Castile, about 27 miles N.W. of Madrid and Avila." &mdash Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Escorial

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and…

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and a mausoleum. It is situated on the south-eastern versant of the Sierra de Guadarrama, on the borders of New Castile, about 27 miles N.W. of Madrid and Avila." &mdash Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Escorial

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and…

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and a mausoleum. It is situated on the south-eastern versant of the Sierra de Guadarrama, on the borders of New Castile, about 27 miles N.W. of Madrid and Avila." &mdash Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Escorial

"One of the most remarkable buildings in Europe, comprising at once a convent, a church, a palace, and…

"Feretory. English medieval silverwork. A shrine or bier containing the relics of saints, adapted to be borne in religious processions." -Whitney, 1911

Feretory

"Feretory. English medieval silverwork. A shrine or bier containing the relics of saints, adapted to…

A circular finial cross.

Finial Cross

A circular finial cross.

A ornamental finial cross.

Finial Cross

A ornamental finial cross.

A ornamental finial cross.

Finial Cross

A ornamental finial cross.

A fan used in Catholic liturgies to keep insects away from the bread and wine.

Liturgical Flabellum

A fan used in Catholic liturgies to keep insects away from the bread and wine.