This illustration shows a method of cleft grafting. Part A shows the scion, B, the scions inserted in the cleft, C, the stub and scions waxed.

Cleft Grafting

This illustration shows a method of cleft grafting. Part A shows the scion, B, the scions inserted in…

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d, and the scion, when cut to a thin wedge form, as shown at c and e, is inserted into the cleft; the whole is then bound up and clayed as in the former case. This is not so goood a plan as wip-grafting; it is improved by sloping the stock on one side to the size of the graft." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Cleft-Grafting

"Cleft-grafting is another method in common use. The stock a is cleft down from the horizontal cut d,…

A window with a hinged sash that swings in or out like a door comprising either a side-hung, top-hung, or occasionally bottom-hung sash or a combination of these types, sometimes with fixed panels on one or more sides of the sash.

Casement Window

A window with a hinged sash that swings in or out like a door comprising either a side-hung, top-hung,…