"An electric bell consists mainly of an electromagnet, E, and a vibrating armature that carries a hammer, H, that strikes a bell. One terminal of the magnet coils is connected to the binding-post, and the other terminal to the flexible support of the armature. The armature carries a spring that rests lightly against the tip of an adjustable screw at C. This screw is connected to the other binding-post. The bell is connected to a battery of 2 or 3 cells in series, a key, a push-button, P, or some other device for closing the circuit being placed in the line." -Avery 1895

Electric Bell

"An electric bell consists mainly of an electromagnet, E, and a vibrating armature that carries a hammer,…

"An electrodynamometer is a galvanometer with two coils, at least one of which is movable, and through at least one of which the curent to be measured passes. It is very useful in the measurement of alternating curernts and voltages." -Avery 1895

Electrodynamometer

"An electrodynamometer is a galvanometer with two coils, at least one of which is movable, and through…

"In this mode of evaporating a variety of plans and arrangements for connivence are employed. The pans are made in the form of a shallow box, with a common sheet-iron, galvanized iron, or copper bottom, frequently with flaring sides or shores, on which the scum collects and remains until removed at the convenience of the operator. These pans are frequently made with partitions, which divide them into two or more compartments, into which the juice, as it becomes defecated and partly concentrated in one, is successively transferred to the next." -Commissioner, 1865

Intermittent evaporation process

"In this mode of evaporating a variety of plans and arrangements for connivence are employed. The pans…

"The rheostat is an apparatus for admitting the current to the motor gradually, so as not to heat and injure the coils and insulating material by admitting the full current before the armature has attained its full rotary speed..." -Atkinson 1903

Rheostat

"The rheostat is an apparatus for admitting the current to the motor gradually, so as not to heat and…

A coiled wire spring, used for various purposes.

Spring

A coiled wire spring, used for various purposes.

"This term is applied indiscriminately to evaporators with steam-pipe, whether arranged in the form of a coil, or, as more commonly used, in a rectangular series, In some the steam is admitted through a main pipe, from which others lead off at right angles, terminating in a similar main, which receives and carries off the condensed water of all...Still another, and the most convenient plan, thought not without some objectives, consists in admitting the steam at one end of the coil allowing it to ass progressively through the whole, driving the condensed water, which it will do, though imperfectly, before it." -Commissioner, 1865

Steam-coil evaporator

"This term is applied indiscriminately to evaporators with steam-pipe, whether arranged in the form…