"Pine shavings are the best to use, as they are less brittle than those of harder woods. Select a number and put them to soak in cold water to make the sot and pliable." -Beard, 1906

Basket made of wood shavings

"Pine shavings are the best to use, as they are less brittle than those of harder woods. Select a number…

"A may-basket which can be made in a moment is simply a bright-colored paper six inches long and three inches wide, with on if its long sides brought together at the two corners from the middle and fastened securely." -Beard, 1906

May Day basket

"A may-basket which can be made in a moment is simply a bright-colored paper six inches long and three…

"Water-proof paper flower-pot May-basket." -Beard, 1906

Mayflower basket

"Water-proof paper flower-pot May-basket." -Beard, 1906

"Workman drilling a hole in the seat of a chair." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian chairmaker

"Workman drilling a hole in the seat of a chair." — Goodrich, 1844

A small little chicken modeled out of tissue paper.

Tissue paper chicken

A small little chicken modeled out of tissue paper.

A pair of hands forming a long section of rolled clay into a container.

Modeling a clay container

A pair of hands forming a long section of rolled clay into a container.

A pair of hands smoothing a clay container formed by curling large sections of rolled clay together.

Smoothing a clay container

A pair of hands smoothing a clay container formed by curling large sections of rolled clay together.

In Joinery, a common dovetail joint is the most efficient for joining two boards that meet at a right angle. The edges of each board are cut into a series of alternate projections and indentations, which fit into each other, and which by the bevel of their sides prevent the boards from drawing apart.

Common Dovetail Joint

In Joinery, a common dovetail joint is the most efficient for joining two boards that meet at a right…

A homemade little Miss Muffett doll ready to be dressed.

Little Miss Muffett

A homemade little Miss Muffett doll ready to be dressed.

A small elephant modeled out of tissue paper.

Tissue paper elephant

A small elephant modeled out of tissue paper.

A Fin'ial is an ornament, generally carved to resemble foliage, which forms the termination of pinnacles, gables, spires, and other portions of Gothic architecture. This image shows an example of a fin'ial.

Fin'ial

A Fin'ial is an ornament, generally carved to resemble foliage, which forms the termination of pinnacles,…

A Fin'ial is an ornament (generally carved to resemble foliage) which forms the termination of pinnacles, gables, spires, and other portions of Gothic architecture. This image shows an example of a fin'ial.

Fin'ial

A Fin'ial is an ornament (generally carved to resemble foliage) which forms the termination of pinnacles,…

This illustration shows a fret saw in use. The blade is a thread of metal with teeth, set in a 'U'-shaped frame called a 'ben'.

Fret Saw, in use

This illustration shows a fret saw in use. The blade is a thread of metal with teeth, set in a 'U'-shaped…

"The form of the bottle and the use of the blow-pipe are unequivocally indicated; and the green hue, in the painting, of the fused material, taken from the fire at the point of the pipe, cannot fail to show the intention of the artists." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian Glassblowers

"The form of the bottle and the use of the blow-pipe are unequivocally indicated; and the green hue,…

A Grooved and Tongued Joint is a joint used with boards in the same plane, so that the boards don't shrink and separate.

Grooved and Tongued Joint

A Grooved and Tongued Joint is a joint used with boards in the same plane, so that the boards don't…

A pair of hands rolling clay into a cylindrical shape.

hands molding clay

A pair of hands rolling clay into a cylindrical shape.

Juncus conglomeratus, also known as the common rush, belongs to a genus of grass-like herbs (Juncus) that grow in boggy places. It is the best known species, with cylindrical stems and crowded panicles of flowers below the tapered extremities of the stems.

Juncus Conglomeratus

Juncus conglomeratus, also known as the common rush, belongs to a genus of grass-like herbs (Juncus)…

Known as the soft rush, Juncus effusus is nearly as common as the most common species, J. conglomeratus. It can be distinguished from J. conglomeratus by its branching and looser inflorescence. It belongs to a genus of grass-like herbs (Juncus) that grow in boggy places.

Juncus Effusus

Known as the soft rush, Juncus effusus is nearly as common as the most common species, J. conglomeratus.…

A Lap Dovetail Joint is a type of dovetail joint in joinery.

Lap Dovetail Joint

A Lap Dovetail Joint is a type of dovetail joint in joinery.

Only suitable for inferior purposes, Ledged Doors are made of narrow vertical boards, connected by three horizontal members termed 'ledges', to the uppermost and lowest of which the hinges are fixed.

Ledged Door

Only suitable for inferior purposes, Ledged Doors are made of narrow vertical boards, connected by three…

A mortise and tenon joint is a type of joint in the art of Joinery. These joints are commonly used in forming framework, the tenon (projecting piece) fitting tightly into the the mortise (hole), and then glued in place.

Mortise and Tenon Joint

A mortise and tenon joint is a type of joint in the art of Joinery. These joints are commonly used in…

The plaiting or braiding of a sennit, a flat cordage used in crafts.

Plaiting of Sennit

The plaiting or braiding of a sennit, a flat cordage used in crafts.

A style of joint employed in the art of Joinery (the making and fitting of the interior wood-work of a building).

Ploughed and Tongued Joint

A style of joint employed in the art of Joinery (the making and fitting of the interior wood-work of…

A joint made so that the space created by the shrinkage of wood is filled by the fillet, preventing air and dust from penetrating in between the boards.

Rebated and Filleted Joint

A joint made so that the space created by the shrinkage of wood is filled by the fillet, preventing…

A piece of cloth or tissue of some kind spread to the wind to impel or assist in impelling a vessel through the water.

Ship Sails

A piece of cloth or tissue of some kind spread to the wind to impel or assist in impelling a vessel…

"Making a sash-curtain for her room.' -Beard, 1906

Making a sash-curtain

"Making a sash-curtain for her room.' -Beard, 1906

A small fast-sailing sharp-built vessel with two mass, and the principals sails of the fore-and aft type. There are two chief kinds of schooners, the topsail schooner and the fore-and-aft schooner. This is an illustration of the Topsail Schooner.

Schooner Ship

A small fast-sailing sharp-built vessel with two mass, and the principals sails of the fore-and aft…

A ship capable of cross-oceanic travelling.

Ship

A ship capable of cross-oceanic travelling.

A sailing vessel having three or more square-rigged masts.

Stranded Ship

A sailing vessel having three or more square-rigged masts.

A man making shoes.

Shoe Craftsman

A man making shoes.

A finished specimen of fret, cut by a fret saw.

Specimen of Fret

A finished specimen of fret, cut by a fret saw.

A type of Fret Saw.

Treadle Fret Saw

A type of Fret Saw.

A water craft is a vehicle, vessel or craft designed to move across water, including saltwater and freshwater, for pleasure, recreation, physical exercise, commerce, transport and military missions. It is derived from the term craft which was used as term to describe all types of water going vessels.

Marine Vessel

A water craft is a vehicle, vessel or craft designed to move across water, including saltwater and freshwater,…

"The use of the spindle and loom, sewing, braiding, etc, form the subjects of many of the paintings, as also the process of cultivating flax, beating and combing it." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian Weaving

"The use of the spindle and loom, sewing, braiding, etc, form the subjects of many of the paintings,…

A shadow of a woman sitting in a chair knitting a sock.

Shadow of a Woman Knitting

A shadow of a woman sitting in a chair knitting a sock.

An illustration of a woman standing next to a spinning wheel.

Woman with Spinning Wheel

An illustration of a woman standing next to a spinning wheel.