Illustration of a single crusader, dressed in chain mail and a cross-covered tunic kneeling on one knee with his hands clasped in prayer. His spear with Christian banner are leaning against his shoulder. The banner has two crosses on it. He a sword in a scabbard attached to his belt. Greaves protect his shins and sabatons protect his feet.

A Crusader from the First Crusade Kneels in Prayer

Illustration of a single crusader, dressed in chain mail and a cross-covered tunic kneeling on one knee…

A cross-urdee is one in which the extremities are drawn to a sharp paint instead of being cut straight.

Cross urdee

A cross-urdee is one in which the extremities are drawn to a sharp paint instead of being cut straight.

A group of people identified as "Crusaders" march to the Holy Lands. There are several knights on horseback, wearing traditional armor and carrying spears and flags. There are also people who look to be commoners, on foot, heads bowed with exhaustion. A horse lies on the ground and a man kneels over it. Two other men sit on the ground at the front of the group.

Crusaders, Including Knights and Pilgrims, on the March

A group of people identified as "Crusaders" march to the Holy Lands. There are several knights on horseback,…

Illustration of a monk, displaying an open book. His hood is pointed and appears to be unattached from his habit. His habit includes a robe-like undergarment with a short tunic on top. Crosses appear in a vertical line down the center of the front of the tunic.

A Monk with a Pointed Hood and Crosses on His Habit

Illustration of a monk, displaying an open book. His hood is pointed and appears to be unattached from…

"Azure, on a pall argent, four crosses fitchy sable, in chief a cross pattee of the second. PALL. A scarf in the shape of the letter Y, forming part of the vesture of a Roman Catholic prelate. It is introduced as the principal bearing of the archbishops of Canterbury, Armagh, and Dublin." -Hall, 1862

Pall

"Azure, on a pall argent, four crosses fitchy sable, in chief a cross pattee of the second. PALL. A…

Vair is one of the furs in heraldry composed of several silver and blue pieces representing little shields.

Vair

Vair is one of the furs in heraldry composed of several silver and blue pieces representing little shields.