This illustration shows a group of Crusaders gathering for a battle.

Crusaders

This illustration shows a group of Crusaders gathering for a battle.

The Four Leaders of the First Crusade.

Four Leaders

The Four Leaders of the First Crusade.

"Pope Urban II presiding over the council of Clermont in 1095 and calling the Christian people to the first crusade for the deliverance of the Holy Land, after an engraving of the sixteenth century."—Gordy, 1912

Pope Urban II

"Pope Urban II presiding over the council of Clermont in 1095 and calling the Christian people to the…

An illustration of ancient Jerusalem.

Ancient Jerusalem

An illustration of ancient Jerusalem.

"Peter, a hermit of Picardy, on his return from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, represented the condition of the city. This hermit, of hideous figure, covered with rags, walking barefooted, speaking as a prophet, and hearkened to as such, inspired the people everywhere with an enthusiasm similar to his own." — Goodrich, 1844

Peter the Hermit and followers

"Peter, a hermit of Picardy, on his return from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, represented the condition…

Richard I of England.

Richard I

Richard I of England.