Some chisels for cutting wood have two bezels, one on each side of the blade, as in the gardener's grafting chisel. Such a double-faced chisel is used for splitting open the limb of a tree.

Box Chisel

Some chisels for cutting wood have two bezels, one on each side of the blade, as in the gardener's grafting…

Reindeer Age (Aurignacian) Engravings and Carvings. Shown are engravings of stage and salmon, engraved on reindeer horn, engraved stone, head of a women carved in ivory, horses head carved in ivory, stone statuettes, and painted pebbles (Azilian age).

Reindeer Age Engravings and Carvings

Reindeer Age (Aurignacian) Engravings and Carvings. Shown are engravings of stage and salmon, engraved…

A flat chisel gives a straight cut, and the chips are flat. Work done with this tool is 'chiseled out'.

Framing Socket Chisel

A flat chisel gives a straight cut, and the chips are flat. Work done with this tool is 'chiseled out'.

"Gem Sculpture is the glyptic art, or lithoglyptics; the art of representing designs on precious stones, either in raised work (cameos) or by figures cut into or below the surface (intaglios)."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Intaglio Engraved Gem

"Gem Sculpture is the glyptic art, or lithoglyptics; the art of representing designs on precious stones,…

With a chisel and mallet a sculptor could strike thirty blows a minute; with the new pneumatic chisel he could strike a thousand a minute. The sculptor's hand and mind were then enabled to focus solely on guiding the chisel rather than striking it.

Pneumatic Chisel

With a chisel and mallet a sculptor could strike thirty blows a minute; with the new pneumatic chisel…

"In all engraving upon metal plates the traces or marks which are to appear on the paper are cut or sunk into the plate." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Copper-plate printing

"In all engraving upon metal plates the traces or marks which are to appear on the paper are cut or…

A flat chisel gives a straight cut, and the chips are flat. Work done with this tool is 'chiseled out'.

Tang Chisel

A flat chisel gives a straight cut, and the chips are flat. Work done with this tool is 'chiseled out'.

Where a chisel has a hollow or round blade, it is called a gouge. A gouge gives a hollow cut, and the chips are curved or crescent shaped. Work done with this tool is called 'gouging'.

Tang Gouge

Where a chisel has a hollow or round blade, it is called a gouge. A gouge gives a hollow cut, and the…

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in Great Britain: several works followed, all, hoever, in the same rude manner." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in…

"This wood-engraving represents St. Christopher carrying the infant saviour across the sea, and is dated 1423. The inscription at the bottom has been thus translated: 'In whichever day thou seest the likeness of St. Christopher, in that same day thou wilt, at least, from death no evil blow incur." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"This wood-engraving represents St. Christopher carrying the infant saviour across the sea, and is dated…

"A copy of one of the cuts in the Apocalypsis. It represents St. John preaching to three men and a woman, with the inscription: 'By the preaching of St. John, Drusiana and others are withdrawn from their idols)." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"A copy of one of the cuts in the Apocalypsis. It represents St. John preaching to three men and a woman,…

"From Biblia Pauperum, is curious as showing the general manner of representing the creation of Eve during the 15th century, the same subject frequently occurring previous to 1500. Both have the appearance of careful drawings." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"From Biblia Pauperum, is curious as showing the general manner of representing the creation of Eve…

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Wood-engraver's Scooper

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893