A ship of Columbus' time.

1400's Ship

A ship of Columbus' time.

Columbus' accounts being thrown overboard so that Europe may find the records

Accounts

Columbus' accounts being thrown overboard so that Europe may find the records

(1495-1541) Spanish conquistador who was second command to Hernan Cortes during the conquest of Mexico.

Pedro de Alvarado

(1495-1541) Spanish conquistador who was second command to Hernan Cortes during the conquest of Mexico.

(1475-1519) Spanish conquistador who founded Darien in Panama.

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

(1475-1519) Spanish conquistador who founded Darien in Panama.

The building of Fort Caroline by the Spaniards.

Fort Caroline

The building of Fort Caroline by the Spaniards.

The completion of Fort Caroline by the Spaniards.

Fort Caroline

The completion of Fort Caroline by the Spaniards.

Columbus reading Polo's book

Columbus

Columbus reading Polo's book

Columbus in chains during his exploration

Columbus

Columbus in chains during his exploration

Christopher Columbus' armor, from the Collection in the Royal Palace at Madrid.

Columbus' Armor

Christopher Columbus' armor, from the Collection in the Royal Palace at Madrid.

Parting of Columbus with Ferdinand and Isabella.

Parting of Columbus

Parting of Columbus with Ferdinand and Isabella.

(1844-1881) A United States Navy officer and explorer.

George Washington De Long

(1844-1881) A United States Navy officer and explorer.

A famous Spanish navigator and conquistador

Hernando De Soto

A famous Spanish navigator and conquistador

English Explorers bartering for land.

English Explorers

English Explorers bartering for land.

A group of French soldiers during the French Exploration

French Explorers

A group of French soldiers during the French Exploration

(1489-1527) A Spanish conquistador who went to Hispaniola and Cuba.

Juan de Grijalva

(1489-1527) A Spanish conquistador who went to Hispaniola and Cuba.

(1821-1871) An American Arctic explorer.

Charles Francis Hall

(1821-1871) An American Arctic explorer.

Havana, Cuba, when the Spaniards landed.

Havana

Havana, Cuba, when the Spaniards landed.

An image of people curing the sick in Hispaniola, during Columbus' exploration there.

Hispaniola

An image of people curing the sick in Hispaniola, during Columbus' exploration there.

A native house in Hispaniola, an island that Columbus landed on in 1492.

Hispaniola House

A native house in Hispaniola, an island that Columbus landed on in 1492.

Henry Hudson was an explorer who discovered the Hudson River.

Henry Hudson

Henry Hudson was an explorer who discovered the Hudson River.

The reception of Joliet and Marquette by the Illinois.

Joliet and Marquette

The reception of Joliet and Marquette by the Illinois.

(1484-1566) A famous Spanish priest who was a settler of the New World.

Bartolome de Las Casas

(1484-1566) A famous Spanish priest who was a settler of the New World.

(1460-1521) A famous Spanish conquistador who settled Florida.

Ponce de Leon

(1460-1521) A famous Spanish conquistador who settled Florida.

Oglethorpe was a member of the British parliament and settled Savannah.

James Oglethorpe

Oglethorpe was a member of the British parliament and settled Savannah.

Title of Oviedo from 1526

Oviedo Title

Title of Oviedo from 1526

Arms of Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes, a Spanish historian.

Arms of Oviedo

Arms of Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes, a Spanish historian.

An explorer or Eastern countries

Marco Polo

An explorer or Eastern countries

Raleigh's plan for colonization in Virginia in North America ended in failure at Roanoke Island, but paved the way for subsequent colonies.

Sir Walter Raleigh

Raleigh's plan for colonization in Virginia in North America ended in failure at Roanoke Island, but…

English explorer

Sir Walter Raleigh

English explorer

An image of a ship being built in Spain during the 1400's before Columbus' exploration.

Ship Building

An image of a ship being built in Spain during the 1400's before Columbus' exploration.

(1496-1542) A famous Spanish conquistador and navigator who explored Florida.

Hernando de Soto

(1496-1542) A famous Spanish conquistador and navigator who explored Florida.

Spanish vessels during the exploration of Florida.

Spanish

Spanish vessels during the exploration of Florida.

This representation of the vessels of the early Spanish navigators is a fac-simile of a cut in Medina's <em>Arte de navegar</em>, Vallodolid, 1545, which was re-engraved in the Venice edition of 1555. In the variety of changes in methods of measurement it is not easy to find the equivalent in tonnage of the present day for the ships of Columbus' time. Those constituting his little fleet seem to have been liht and swift vessels of the class called caravels. One had a deck amidships, with high forecastle and two were without this deck, though high, and covered at the ends. Captaing G. V. Fox has given what he supposes were the dimensions of the larger one,- a heavier craft and duller sailer than the others. He calculates for a hundred tons, -makes her sixty-three feet over all, fifty-one feet keel, twenty feet beam, and ten and a half feet draft of water. She carried the kind of gun termed lombards, and a crew of fifty men.

Spanish Vessels

This representation of the vessels of the early Spanish navigators is a fac-simile of a cut in Medina's…

St. Augustine, Florida was founded by the Spanish admiral Pedro Menendez de Aviles in 1565.

St. Augustine

St. Augustine, Florida was founded by the Spanish admiral Pedro Menendez de Aviles in 1565.

Title of First Tract from Las Casas.

First Tract

Title of First Tract from Las Casas.

Title of Fourth Tract from Las Casas.

Fourth Tract

Title of Fourth Tract from Las Casas.

Title of Seventh Tract from Las Casas.

Seventh Tract

Title of Seventh Tract from Las Casas.

Tree of Triste Noche represents the remains of the tree under which Cortes and his followers gathered after that eventful night.

Tree of Triste Noche

Tree of Triste Noche represents the remains of the tree under which Cortes and his followers gathered…

Norsemen landing on the coast of Greenland.

Vikings

Norsemen landing on the coast of Greenland.