Bolivian fabric pattern sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Bolivian Cloth

Bolivian fabric pattern sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Detali of New Zealand repeating cloth pattern.

Cloth Pattern

Detali of New Zealand repeating cloth pattern.

This cashmere fabric is taken from a dress. It is made out of wool in a design that consists of large leaves, and small flowers.

Cashmere Fabric

This cashmere fabric is taken from a dress. It is made out of wool in a design that consists of large…

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

Chintz Fabric

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

Chintz Fabric

The chintz fabric is a cotton fabric imprinted with a colorful floral pattern.

This is a drawing of a lady holing fabric.

Lady Holding Fabric

This is a drawing of a lady holing fabric.

Successful textile designers marry a creative vision of what a finished textile will look like with a deep understanding of the technical aspects of production and the properties of fiber, yarn, and dyes

Printed Fabric

Successful textile designers marry a creative vision of what a finished textile will look like with…

Constructed by weaving textile fibers into a network or web. Fabric may be natural or synthetic. Until approximately the middle of the twentieth century, natural fiber fabric was predominate in flag making. Traditional flag fabrics are wool, cotton, linen, and silk.

Textile Fabric

Constructed by weaving textile fibers into a network or web. Fabric may be natural or synthetic. Until…

This check is a pattern consisting of crossed horizontal and vertical bands in two or more colors in woven cloth. Checks are traditionally associated with the with Celtic countries, especially Scotland where woven dyed wool was, at one time, a principal cloth. District checks were created as camouflage for moving inconspicuously on the laird's lands.

Manufacture of Figured Fabrics

This check is a pattern consisting of crossed horizontal and vertical bands in two or more colors in…

Detail of Hawaiian stamped cloth pattern.

Hawaiian Cloth

Detail of Hawaiian stamped cloth pattern.

Detail of Hawaiian stamped cloth pattern.

Hawaiian Cloth

Detail of Hawaiian stamped cloth pattern.

"In the year 1589 the stocking-frame, the machine which mechanically produces the looped stitch in hosiery, was invented by the Rev. William Lee, a graduate of Cambridge, and native of Woodborough, near Nottingham. The fundamental principle of the apparatus consists in the substitution of a seperate hooked or barbed needle for the support and working of each loop, in place of the system whereby an indefinate number of loops are skewered on one or more wires or needles. At R is seen a thread of yarn passed over the needle stalks and within the terminal hooks. The yarn, it will be observed, is waved or depressed between each pair of needles, whereby sufficient yarn is secured to form the seperate loops of uniform size, and thus produce a regular equal fabric." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Hosiery

"In the year 1589 the stocking-frame, the machine which mechanically produces the looped stitch in hosiery,…

"A device for making flutes in a fabric or article of dress, as a ruffle." -Whitney, 1911

Fluting Iron

"A device for making flutes in a fabric or article of dress, as a ruffle." -Whitney, 1911

Ironing is the work of using a heated tool, or tools, (an iron) to remove wrinkles from fabric. The heating is commonly done to a temperature of 100° Celsius. Ironing works by loosening the bonds between the long-chain polymer molecules in the fibers of the material. While the molecules are hot, the fibers are straightened by the weight of the iron, and they hold their new shape as they cool. Some fabrics, such as cotton, require the addition of water to loosen the intermolecular bonds. Many modern fabrics are advertised as needing little or no ironing. Permanent press clothing was developed to reduce the ironing necessary by combining wrinkle-resistant polyester with cotton.

Wrinkle Free Sad Iron

Ironing is the work of using a heated tool, or tools, (an iron) to remove wrinkles from fabric. The…

A mechanized loom powered by a drive shaft. It eased the process of constructing fabric.

Cartwright's First Power Loom

A mechanized loom powered by a drive shaft. It eased the process of constructing fabric.

An illustration of a man and woman carrying a large bundle of fabric.

Man & Woman Carrying Fabric

An illustration of a man and woman carrying a large bundle of fabric.

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head

Mexican Terra-Cotta Head sketched in the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

This ribbon has a floral design.

Ribbon

This ribbon has a floral design.

Detail of Samoan glass-cloth with string decoration.

Samoan Grass-Cloth

Detail of Samoan glass-cloth with string decoration.

"A scissors-shaped implement for fluting or crimping linen, etc. It has small cylindrical fingers, one of which is hollow to hold a heated iron. When the scissors are closed, this heated finger forces the cloth between the two other fingers, thus forming a flute." -Whitney, 1911

Fluting Scissors

"A scissors-shaped implement for fluting or crimping linen, etc. It has small cylindrical fingers, one…

This shawl is long in length, in a paisley design.

Shawl

This shawl is long in length, in a paisley design.

This lace shawl was made using a "pusher bobbin net machine". The design is made of small delicate flowers and leaves.

Lace Shawl

This lace shawl was made using a "pusher bobbin net machine". The design is made of small delicate flowers…

"An improvement of great importance in the hosiery trade was effected through the invention of the tumbler needle, patented by Mr. M. Townsend in 1858. The tumbler needle consists of a stem somewhat bulged near the point. The bulged part contains a groove in which there is hinged a short pin. The pin is so placed that, when turned to the hooked or curved point, its own point falls into a spoon-like indent, thus forming a smooth metal loop." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Tumbler Needle

"An improvement of great importance in the hosiery trade was effected through the invention of the tumbler…

A lightweight handheld collapsible canopy

Combination Cane Style Umbrella

A lightweight handheld collapsible canopy

This figured velvet fabric is designed in a floral and leaf design.

Figured Velvets

This figured velvet fabric is designed in a floral and leaf design.