The burbot (Lota lota), is the only freshwater member of the cod family, gadidae. It is most common in streams and lakes of North America and Europe above 40°N latitude. They are fairly common in Lake Erie but are also found in the other Great Lakes.

Burbot

The burbot (Lota lota), is the only freshwater member of the cod family, gadidae. It is most common…

"It feeds upon insects, and is remarkable for its method of procuring them. When it observes a fly, or any other insect on a weed, or hovering over the water, it ejects a little drop through its tubular snout with such presicion as frequently disable the little animal, so that it falls into the water and is devoured." — Goodrich, 1859

Copperband Butterflyfish

"It feeds upon insects, and is remarkable for its method of procuring them. When it observes a fly,…

"The Pen-Fish or Common Calamary, <em>L. vulgaris</em>, is the best-known species of the genus; the body is somewhat pellucid, of a greenish hue, changeable to dirty brown; the eyes are large and lustrous, of an emerald green, phosphoric, and fiery in a high degree. It is common in the european seas, and was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. [Shown with a quill pen]" &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common calamari

"The Pen-Fish or Common Calamary, L. vulgaris, is the best-known species of the genus; the…

A type of Ganoid fish. This particular species is a Reed fish.

Calamoichthys Calabaricus

A type of Ganoid fish. This particular species is a Reed fish.

The inside view of a carp from the side.

Carp

The inside view of a carp from the side.

The inside view of a carp from the belly.

Carp

The inside view of a carp from the belly.

"They are distinguished by a small mouth and powerful teeth, though not set in the jaws. The body is usually compressed, and always clothed with scales, sometimes of very large, some times of very small size; the head is small; the dorsal fun single." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Carp

"They are distinguished by a small mouth and powerful teeth, though not set in the jaws. The body is…

"Carp is a fresh-water fish. It is a native of Asia, but has been extensively introduced into the United States."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Carp

"Carp is a fresh-water fish. It is a native of Asia, but has been extensively introduced into the United…

Carp is a common name for various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish originally from Eurasia and southeast Asia. Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp and the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp family.

Carp

Carp is a common name for various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish…

"It is ten to forty inches long, and sometimes attains the weight of a hundred pounds; the general color is rich olive-brown above, yellowish-white beneath." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Carp

"It is ten to forty inches long, and sometimes attains the weight of a hundred pounds; the general color…

The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a freshwater fish related to the common goldfish.

Common Carp

The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a freshwater fish related to the common goldfish.

"Carp (Cyprinus carpio). a.-- fore fin; b.-- hind fin; c.-- anal fin; d.-- large barbule. Carp, a genus of soft-finned abdominal fish distinguished by the small mouth, toothless jaws, and gills of three flat rays." -Vaughan, 1906

Common Carp

"Carp (Cyprinus carpio). a.-- fore fin; b.-- hind fin; c.-- anal fin; d.-- large barbule. Carp, a genus…

Fishes are sometimes classed, in accordance with the structure of their scale, into Ctenoid, Ganoid, Cycloid, and Placoid. This illustration is a Cycloid scale of the Carp.

Cycloid Scale of the Carp

Fishes are sometimes classed, in accordance with the structure of their scale, into Ctenoid, Ganoid,…

"The Gold Carp, <em>C. auratus</em>, often called the Gold-fish and silver-fish, as it assumes both colors, is originally from China, the most beautiful species being taken from Lake Che-Kyang." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gold carp

"The Gold Carp, C. auratus, often called the Gold-fish and silver-fish, as it assumes both…

A cat fishing

Cat

A cat fishing

This image depicts a woman catching live sardines in San Sebastian, Spain.

Woman Catching Live Sardines

This image depicts a woman catching live sardines in San Sebastian, Spain.

Catfish are found in lakes and streams of North America, usually at muddy bottoms. Catfish have a large head and fins with barbs. They are excellent for food.

Catfish

Catfish are found in lakes and streams of North America, usually at muddy bottoms. Catfish have a large…

Electric catfish is the common name for the catfish (order Siluriformes) family Malapteruridae. This family includes two genera, Malapterurus and Paradoxoglanis with 19 species. Several species of this family have the ability to produce an electric shock of up to 350 volts using electroplaques of an electric organ. Electric catfish are found in tropical Africa and the Nile River. Electric catfish are usually nocturnal and feed primarily on other fish, incapacitating their prey with electric discharges.

Electric Catfish

Electric catfish is the common name for the catfish (order Siluriformes) family Malapteruridae. This…

The Gafftopsail Catfish (Bagre marinus) is a fish in the Ariidae family of ariid catfish. It was also known as the synonym AElurichthys marinus.

Gafftopsail Catfish

The Gafftopsail Catfish (Bagre marinus) is a fish in the Ariidae family of ariid catfish. It was also…

The wels catfish is a scaleless fresh and brackish water catfish recognizable by its broad, flat head and wide mouth. The mouth contains lines of numerous small teeth, two long barbels on the upper jaw and four shorter barbels on the lower jaw. It has a long anal fin that extends to the caudal fin, and a small sharp dorsal fin positioned relatively far forward. It uses its sharp pectoral fins to capture prey. With these fins, it creates an eddy to disorient its victim, which it then simply engulfs in its enormous throat. It has very slippery green-brown skin. Its belly is pale yellow or white. Wels catfish can live for at least thirty years and have very good hearing.

Wels Catfish

The wels catfish is a scaleless fresh and brackish water catfish recognizable by its broad, flat head…

A family of acanthopterygian or spiny-finned fishes.

Chætodtidæ

A family of acanthopterygian or spiny-finned fishes.

"Twelve inches long, body of a pale yellow color, with numerous oblique, brownish-purple lines. Inhabits the coasts of Ceylon." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Wandering Chaetodon

"Twelve inches long, body of a pale yellow color, with numerous oblique, brownish-purple lines. Inhabits…

"Chaldean Character for Fish" &mdash; Morey, 1903

Chaldean

"Chaldean Character for Fish" — Morey, 1903

"A European species, and inhabits the northern lakes of England and those of Scotland; it is from one to two feet long, and is usually caught by hooks trailing after a boat." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Northern Charr

"A European species, and inhabits the northern lakes of England and those of Scotland; it is from one…

Children feeding fish.

Children feeding fish

Children feeding fish.

"A larger species, found in Brazil." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Chronectes Histrio

"A larger species, found in Brazil." — Goodrich, 1859

"Frequents deep places in the quiet parts of steams, sheltering itself usually under a bush or tree that may screen it from view. It feeds on worms or insects in their various stages." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Chub

"Frequents deep places in the quiet parts of steams, sheltering itself usually under a bush or tree…

"A fish of the family Cyprinidae, of the same genus with the roach, dace, bleak and minnow. The color is bluish-black on the upper parts, passing in to silvey white on the belly; the cheeks and gill-covers rich golden yellow. The chub rarely attains a weight exceeding 5 lbs. It is plentiful in many of the rivers of England, and occurs in some of those of the south-west of Scotland." &mdash; Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Chub

"A fish of the family Cyprinidae, of the same genus with the roach, dace, bleak and minnow. The color…

A diagram of the circulation of a fish. Labels: 1, The pericardium. 2, The single auricle. 3, The single ventricle. 4, The vessel that conveys the blood from the ventricle to the gills. 5, The vessel that conveys the blood from the body to the heart. The arrows show the direction of the blood.

Circulation of a Fish

A diagram of the circulation of a fish. Labels: 1, The pericardium. 2, The single auricle. 3, The single…

Diagram of the circulation of the fish. Labels: a, branchial circulation; b, somatic circulation; c, heart; d, auricle; e, ventricle; f, arterial trunk.

Circulation of a Fish

Diagram of the circulation of the fish. Labels: a, branchial circulation; b, somatic circulation; c,…

A name of sundry species of whitefish.

Cisco

A name of sundry species of whitefish.

Climbing perch, a type of bony fish found around India.

Climbing Perch

Climbing perch, a type of bony fish found around India.

Gobiesox reticulatus is a species of Clingfish, a bottom dwelling fish that live in shallow waters.

Clingfish

Gobiesox reticulatus is a species of Clingfish, a bottom dwelling fish that live in shallow waters.

"A large species, weighing from ten to thirty pounds. It swims rapidly, and at no great depth." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Coalfish

"A large species, weighing from ten to thirty pounds. It swims rapidly, and at no great depth." —…

Coccusteus, a fossil fish.

Coccusteus

Coccusteus, a fossil fish.

Cod fish.

Cod

Cod fish.

"It is two to four feet long, and weighs from two to seventy spounds; the general color is greenish brown above, and silvery white beneath. It inhabits deep water, and is often taken a a depth of thirty fathoms." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Cod

"It is two to four feet long, and weighs from two to seventy spounds; the general color is greenish…

"Four to eight inches long; common in Europe, but rare on our coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Poor Cod

"Four to eight inches long; common in Europe, but rare on our coast." — Goodrich, 1859

A typical example of a spiny-rayed fish is the codfish.

Codfish

A typical example of a spiny-rayed fish is the codfish.

A codfish, dressed up.

Codfish

A codfish, dressed up.

1, Epyornis; 2, Ostrich; 3, Cassoway; 4, Wild Goose; 5, hen; 6, Pigeon; 7, Humming-bird; 8, Eagle; 9, Vulture; 10, Penguin; 11, Crocodile; 12, Python; 13, Fresh-water Tortoise; 14, Boa of St. Lucia; 15, Tortoise; 16, Ophidan; 17, Dog-fish; 18, Ray-fish. The figure in the background without a number represents the egg of the Moa (extinct).

Comparative view of the size of the eggs of different animals

1, Epyornis; 2, Ostrich; 3, Cassoway; 4, Wild Goose; 5, hen; 6, Pigeon; 7, Humming-bird; 8, Eagle; 9,…

The black cormorant averages about three feet in length, and is found in Greenland, as well as a long the coasts of Asia, Europe, and North America. In some countries it was domesticated, and trained to fish for its masters.

Black cormorant

The black cormorant averages about three feet in length, and is found in Greenland, as well as a long…

"Six to eight inches long, feeds on young gobies, which it catches by lying in ambush among stones or sea-weeds.' &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Four-horned Cottus

"Six to eight inches long, feeds on young gobies, which it catches by lying in ambush among stones or…

"The cuttlefishes have a strange method of walking, head-downward, on their outspread arms; they can also swim with their fins, or with their webbed arms, or by expelling the water forcibly from their branchial chamber." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Cuttlefish

"The cuttlefishes have a strange method of walking, head-downward, on their outspread arms; they can…

"Is eight to ten inches long, feeds on crustacea, small fish, and marine insects, is often caught with plaice or flounder, but is preferred to either at the table." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common Dab

"Is eight to ten inches long, feeds on crustacea, small fish, and marine insects, is often caught with…

"Feeds on worms and other soft substances; spawns in June; is six to nine inches long; is used as bait for pike in trolling, on account of its silvery brightness." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dace

"Feeds on worms and other soft substances; spawns in June; is six to nine inches long; is used as bait…

"Four to six feet long, breadth eight inches, thickness one inch; found in the North Atlantic, and has been taken on the British coast." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dealfish

"Four to six feet long, breadth eight inches, thickness one inch; found in the North Atlantic, and has…

Fishes are sometimes classed, in accordance with the structure of their scale, into Ctenoid, Ganoid, Cycloid, and Placoid. This illustration is Ganoid scales of Dipterus.

Ganoid Scales of Dipterus

Fishes are sometimes classed, in accordance with the structure of their scale, into Ctenoid, Ganoid,…

"Dissected fish. a, air bladder; b, urinary bladder; b, urinary bladder; br, brain; c, spinal cord; d and da, dorsal fins; dv, anal fin; e, body of the vertebra; g, gills receiving the blood from the ventral aorta leading out of the heart h; i, intestine; k, kidney; l, liver; m, spines of the vertebra; n, auricle of the heart; ov, ovary; ovd, oviduct; st, stomach; sp, spleen; u, ureter." &mdash;Davison, 1906

Dissected Fish

"Dissected fish. a, air bladder; b, urinary bladder; b, urinary bladder; br, brain; c, spinal cord;…

"Two to three feet long, haunts deep water, and feeds on small fish and crustacea. Found on the British coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Large Spotted Dogfish

"Two to three feet long, haunts deep water, and feeds on small fish and crustacea. Found on the British…

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh. This fish, having a golden spot on each side of it, contends with the haddock for the hnor of bearing the marks of St. Peter's fingers, each supposed to have been that out of whose mouth the apostle took the tribute-money, leaving on its sides in proof of the identity, the marks of his finger and thumb." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

John Doree

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh.…

"From one to two feet long, varies greatly in color; is common in the Baltic; also found occasionally on the British coasts." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Dorse

"From one to two feet long, varies greatly in color; is common in the Baltic; also found occasionally…

"Dragonet is a genus of fishes remarkable for having the gill openings reduced to a small hole on each side of the nape, and the ventral fins placed under the throat, separate, and larger than the pectorals. The species are numerous, widely distributed in the temperate seas of the Old World, and generally finely colored."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Cemmeous Dragonet

"Dragonet is a genus of fishes remarkable for having the gill openings reduced to a small hole on each…

"Ten to fourteen inches long; it has a smotoh skin, brilliantly striped and spotted with blue on a yellow ground. It occasionally takes a bait, but it is more frequently caught in nets." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Gemmeous Dragonet

"Ten to fourteen inches long; it has a smotoh skin, brilliantly striped and spotted with blue on a yellow…

The maigre or shad-fish (Argyrosomus regius) is a solitary carnivorous drum in the Sciaenidae family.

Maigre

The maigre or shad-fish (Argyrosomus regius) is a solitary carnivorous drum in the Sciaenidae family.

Pogonias chromis, a name of several fish so called from the drumming noise they make, said to be due, in part at least, to the grinding of bones upon each other.

Saltwater Drum

Pogonias chromis, a name of several fish so called from the drumming noise they make, said to be due,…

Foot of a bald eagle, well suited for grasping fish.

Foot of a Bald Eagle

Foot of a bald eagle, well suited for grasping fish.

The eel has a long snakelike body.

Eel

The eel has a long snakelike body.

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded in the thick, fat, cuticle so as only to be seen when this is dried. The gill orifices are small, and cartried far back, so that the branchiae are protected, on which account these animals can live a considerable time out of water. They are averse to cold and are not found in high northern countries." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Common European Eel

"These have an elongated form, and a soft, thick, slimy skin; the scales are very minute, and imbedded…

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds. It is a most voracious fish, feeding often on the young of its own species; from the stomach of one that weighed twenty-five pounds, Mr. Yarrell took three dabs and a young conger three feet long." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Conger Eel

"It varies in length from three to ten feet, and in weight from five to one hundred and thirty pounds.…