Illustrated is a worthy offscape in LakeYumoto, Japan. It is an example of landscape gardening.

Offscape

Illustrated is a worthy offscape in LakeYumoto, Japan. It is an example of landscape gardening.

Paper screen for newly transplanted plants.

Paper Screen

Paper screen for newly transplanted plants.

Protecting from cut-worms.

Plant Protection

Protecting from cut-worms.

Showing methods of cutting paper to protect plants from maggots.

Plant Protection

Showing methods of cutting paper to protect plants from maggots.

The common or nursery way of planting

Planting

The common or nursery way of planting

The proper or pictorial type of planting

Planting

The proper or pictorial type of planting

Plunging pots for plants.

Plunging

Plunging pots for plants.

A barrel outfit, called a Ponama barrel used to spray insecticide

Ponama Barrel

A barrel outfit, called a Ponama barrel used to spray insecticide

A portable plant and fruit protector is used for growing smaller plants in the summer and storing those plants in the winter. Strawberries can be grown and stored in a portable fruit protector.

Portable Plant and Fruit Protector

A portable plant and fruit protector is used for growing smaller plants in the summer and storing those…

"Propagation by Cuttings." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Propagation

"Propagation by Cuttings." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Pruning in landscaping and gardening is the practice of removing diseased, non-productive, or otherwise unwanted portions from a plant.

Pruning

Pruning in landscaping and gardening is the practice of removing diseased, non-productive, or otherwise…

The forcing of rhubarb

Rhubarb

The forcing of rhubarb

A ring of bark is removed in ring budding and replaced with a piece from a larger branch. When replaced the fit must be airtight.

Ring Budding

A ring of bark is removed in ring budding and replaced with a piece from a larger branch. When replaced…

A tool used in gardening.

Roller and Marker

A tool used in gardening.

Root-gall on raspberry

Root-gall

Root-gall on raspberry

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots of each kind respectively the best method of doing so being to cut a triangular section near the upper end of the root, just large enough to admit the young shoot when slightly pared away in two sides to give it a similar form." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots…

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed, are planted in nursery beds, so that the upper buds only are exposed to the atmosphere, as shown at c in the figure." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed,…

This is a tall briar with three shoots. A shows the shoot slit for the bud. B shows the bud inserted. C shows the bud tied in.

Rose Budding

This is a tall briar with three shoots. A shows the shoot slit for the bud. B shows the bud inserted.…

This is a branch showing buds. The lower buds are the most suitable because they are in firmer wood. The top buds are usually useless.

Branch showing Rose Buds

This is a branch showing buds. The lower buds are the most suitable because they are in firmer wood.…

The left figure shows a bud taken from a budding branch. The right figure shows wood removed from the lower end of a budding branch.

Bud Taken from Rose Budding

The left figure shows a bud taken from a budding branch. The right figure shows wood removed from the…

A type of tool used for gardening.

Scarifier

A type of tool used for gardening.

Setting large tub-plants in the lawn

Setting Plants

Setting large tub-plants in the lawn

Cutting back or shearing the plants.

Shearing

Cutting back or shearing the plants.

A window shelf for holding plants. They can be used either indoors or outdoors.

Window Shelf

A window shelf for holding plants. They can be used either indoors or outdoors.

Illustrated is a glimpse in Shenston'es Leasowes.  It is an example of landscape gardening.

Shenstone's Leasowes

Illustrated is a glimpse in Shenston'es Leasowes. It is an example of landscape gardening.

"The simplest and most generally practised form of budding is that called Shield budding or T-budding. The operator should be provided with a budding-knife in which the cutting edge of the blade is rounded off at the point, and which has a thin ivory or bone handle, for raising the bark of the stock. A horizonal incision is made in the bark quite down to the wood, and from this a perpendicular slit is drawn downwards to the extent of perhaps an inch, so that the slit has a resemblance to the letter T, as at a. A bud is then cut by a clean incision from the tree intended to be propagated, having a portion of the wood attached to it, and so that the whole may be an inch and a half long, as at d." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Shield-Budding

"The simplest and most generally practised form of budding is that called Shield budding or T-budding.…

In shield-budding the bark should first have two incisions, a length wise incision one inch long, and an incision around the bark (figures a and b). The bud should then be prepared by removing half the leaf.

Shield Budding

In shield-budding the bark should first have two incisions, a length wise incision one inch long, and…

Work of shot-hole fungus of plum

Shot-hole Fungus

Work of shot-hole fungus of plum

"This mode of propagation is performed by cutting the branches into short lengths, each containing one well-matured bud or eye, with a short portion of the stem above and below. It is a common mode of propagating vines, the eyes being in this case cut from the ripened leafless wood. The eyes (a) are planted just below the surface in pots of light soil, which are placed in a hot bed or propagating pit, and in due time each pushed up a young shoot which forms the future stem, while convert it into an independent plant." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Single Eye

"This mode of propagation is performed by cutting the branches into short lengths, each containing one…

A hand sled-marker to mark rows.

Sled-Marker

A hand sled-marker to mark rows.

A trailing sled-marker.

Sled-Marker

A trailing sled-marker.

A tool for spacing out plants.

Spacing Tool

A tool for spacing out plants.

A gardening tool used for digging or removing earth.

Spade

A gardening tool used for digging or removing earth.

This span roof frame is one of the most popular. The sashes are held open at any angle required. These frames are best suited to remain where placed permanently.

Span-Roof Frame

This span roof frame is one of the most popular. The sashes are held open at any angle required. These…

A common stake label

Stake

A common stake label

Making straw mats for hotbeds

Straw Mats

Making straw mats for hotbeds

"Root suckers are young shoots from the roots of plants, chiefly woody plants, as may often be seenin the case of the elm and the plum. The shoots when used for propagation must be transplanted with all the roots attached to them, care being taken not to injure the parent plant. If they spring from a thick root it is not to be wantonly severed, but the soil should be removed and the sucker taken off by cutting away a clean slice of the root." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Suckering Iron

"Root suckers are young shoots from the roots of plants, chiefly woody plants, as may often be seenin…

"Sulphurators are instruments for distributing flowers of sulphur, for the purpose of destroying mildew. In the case of greenhouse plants, such as heaths, simply dusting with sulphur through a muslin bag or dredger is sufficient." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Sulphurator

"Sulphurators are instruments for distributing flowers of sulphur, for the purpose of destroying mildew.…

Frames are portable garden structures useful for large quantities of different subjects that have to be prepared for transplanting outside. Span frames have the advantage of giving more height inside.

Three-Quarter Span-Roof Frame

Frames are portable garden structures useful for large quantities of different subjects that have to…

Transplanting a plant by a dibber.

Transplanting

Transplanting a plant by a dibber.

Protecting trees from cut-worms.

Tree Protection

Protecting trees from cut-worms.

Frames are portable garden structures useful for large quantities of different subjects that have to be prepared for transplanting outside. The most useful frames are six feet long by four feet wide.

Two-Light Frame

Frames are portable garden structures useful for large quantities of different subjects that have to…

Plant protector are used in northern areas where fruit trees such as apricots and peaches are destroyed by frost. The plant protector is made of glass and is put above the plant.

Wall-Fruit Plant Protector

Plant protector are used in northern areas where fruit trees such as apricots and peaches are destroyed…

A tool used to remove weeds.

Weed-cutter

A tool used to remove weeds.

A tool used to remove weeds.

Weed-cutter

A tool used to remove weeds.

A tool used to remove weeds.

Weed-spud

A tool used to remove weeds.

"Whip-grafting or tongue-grafting is the most usual mode of performing the operation. The stock is headed off by an oblique transverse cut as shown at a, a slice is then pared off the side as at b, and on the face of this a tongue or notch is made, the cut being in a downward direction; the scion c is pared off in a similar way by a single clean sharp cut, and this is notched or tongued in the opposite direction as the figure indicates, the two are then fitted together as shown at d, so that the inner bark of each may come in contact at least on one side, and then tied round with damp soft bast as at c; next some grafting clay is taken on the forefinger and pushed down on each side so as to fill out the space between the top of the stock and the graft, and a portion is also rubbed over the ligatures on the side where the graft is placed." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Whip-Grafting

"Whip-grafting or tongue-grafting is the most usual mode of performing the operation. The stock is headed…

A window with a plant-stand and a hanging basket.

Window with Plant-Stand and Hanging Basket

A window with a plant-stand and a hanging basket.

"A plant may be operated on wherever the stem has become firm and woody; the top will not fail to make a fine young specimen plant, which migt be removed in the course of abot twelve months, while other shoots would no doubt be obtained from the old stem, which, with its head thus removed, might be removed to quarters where steadying if the stem were loaded with a pot or box of soil, as at a in the figure." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Yucca

"A plant may be operated on wherever the stem has become firm and woody; the top will not fail to make…

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.

A type of label for plants.

Zinc Tally

A type of label for plants.