A diagram showing six different parts of a grape vine. These parts include the shoot, cane, arm, branch, spur, and stem (trunk).

Ideal Vine for Cane Renewal

A diagram showing six different parts of a grape vine. These parts include the shoot, cane, arm, branch,…

"When a grapevine is first set in a vineyard, it closely resembles the plant shown in [the image]. Such a rooted cutting may be one or two years old, the former being preferable in the majority of cases. The cane is cut back to two buds, and during the first season its shoots are allowed to lie prone upon the surface of the soil."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Rooted Grape Cutting

"When a grapevine is first set in a vineyard, it closely resembles the plant shown in [the image]. Such…

"The cross-wire system is another method of training which appears to be confined in this country to the Hudson River Valley, and even there it is used only to a limited extent. But at Juraçon, Bassess-Pyrénées, France, this system is regularly followed. Poles are used in place of the wires, however. [The image] represents vines trained in this manner."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Cross-Wire System of Grape Training

"The cross-wire system is another method of training which appears to be confined in this country to…

"These [upright] systems are sometimes referred to as the "goblet" systems, since when the shoots are tied together the plant bears a certain resemblance to such a glass. As a rule, these vines make comparatively little growth, and the canes are severely cut back each year."—Government Printing Office, 1897

Upright System of Grape Training

"These [upright] systems are sometimes referred to as the "goblet" systems, since when the shoots are…

"Flower of the grape vine; Anticuous Anthers."-Whitney, 1902

Grapevine Flower

"Flower of the grape vine; Anticuous Anthers."-Whitney, 1902

"Vitis vinifera. 1. a flower; 2. the same casting its petals; 3. the pistil and stamens; 4. a section of the ovary; 5. of the seed." -Lindley, 1853

Common Grapevine

"Vitis vinifera. 1. a flower; 2. the same casting its petals; 3. the pistil and stamens; 4. a section…

This jug was made in Malta. It has a grape vine, with grapes and leaves around the center. The handle is designed in a leaf and vine style.

Jug

This jug was made in Malta. It has a grape vine, with grapes and leaves around the center. The handle…

This claret jug is decorated with a grape vine, its leaves and grapes. The handle is a grape vine.

Claret Jug

This claret jug is decorated with a grape vine, its leaves and grapes. The handle is a grape vine.

This candle lamp is designed with a grape vine design. It is a candlestick with a cover, used to illuminate a room or area.

Candle Lamp

This candle lamp is designed with a grape vine design. It is a candlestick with a cover, used to illuminate…

A diagram of the horizontal arm spur system, depicting the various parts of a vine.

Horizontal Arm Spur System

A diagram of the horizontal arm spur system, depicting the various parts of a vine.

This vase with stand is a maltese design. The stand has a simple design of leaves. The vase has a handle on each side, and a grape vine design on its center body.

Vase with Stand

This vase with stand is a maltese design. The stand has a simple design of leaves. The vase has a handle…

An image depicting a pruned vine that was trained according to the umbrella system. This system is also called the two-cane Kniffin.

Pruned System According to the Umbrella System

An image depicting a pruned vine that was trained according to the umbrella system. This system is also…

A diagram depicting an unpruned vine trained according to the umbrella system. This image shows stem renewal. This system is also known as the two-cane Kniffin system.

Unpruned Vine According to the Umbrella System

A diagram depicting an unpruned vine trained according to the umbrella system. This image shows stem…

This vase is made out of ruby glass and ornamented with a grape vine design.

Vase

This vase is made out of ruby glass and ornamented with a grape vine design.

This vase has a design of a grape vine.

Vase

This vase has a design of a grape vine.

This vase stands on a pedestal and has a wide body, with a grape vine design around its center.

Vase

This vase stands on a pedestal and has a wide body, with a grape vine design around its center.

This vase is made out of stoneware. It has a design of grape vine and leaves wrapped around its body, and a flared out top.

Vase

This vase is made out of stoneware. It has a design of grape vine and leaves wrapped around its body,…

Natural branch vine.

Natural Branch Vine

Natural branch vine.

An unpruned vine trained according to the Hudson horizontal system.

Unpruned Vine

An unpruned vine trained according to the Hudson horizontal system.

"Vitis is the typical genus of the order Vitaceæ, comprising the vines. The Vitis Vinifera is popularly known as the grape vine."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Vitis Vinifera

"Vitis is the typical genus of the order Vitaceæ, comprising the vines. The Vitis Vinifera is…