"Andirons were used for burning wood on an open hearth, and consisted of a horizontal bar raised on short supports, with an upright standard at one end." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Andiron

"Andirons were used for burning wood on an open hearth, and consisted of a horizontal bar raised on…

An illustration of a young boy sitting on a stool watching a tea kettle in a fireplace.

Boy Watching Tea Kettle in Fireplace

An illustration of a young boy sitting on a stool watching a tea kettle in a fireplace.

A Dutch colonial family in scene in the colony of New Amsterdam.

Dutch Family

A Dutch colonial family in scene in the colony of New Amsterdam.

"A fire-place; a hearth; a brazier. The fire-place possessed a sacred character, and was dedicated among the Romans to the Lares of each family. Movable hearths, or braziers, properly called foculi, were frequently used." — Smith, 1873.

Focus

"A fire-place; a hearth; a brazier. The fire-place possessed a sacred character, and was dedicated among…

An illustration of a forge powered by a hand-bellows which forces air on glowing coals. A forge is a hearth, or a place for heating metals.

Forge

An illustration of a forge powered by a hand-bellows which forces air on glowing coals. A forge is a…

Goldilocks eats up all the baby bear's dinner.

Goldilocks

Goldilocks eats up all the baby bear's dinner.

An illustration of a man watching a tea kettle steaming in a fireplace.

Man Watching Tea Kettle

An illustration of a man watching a tea kettle steaming in a fireplace.

"An open hearth furnace has a large bed (E) lined with fire-brick and sand (H) on which the charge is placed. Gas is used as fuel and is heated before entering the furnace by pass-heated gas is passed into the furnace through a pipe (a), while through another flue (b) aur enters which has been similarly heated...hot, gaseous product escapes through checkerworks (C,D)..." -Brownlee 1907

Open Hearth Furnace

"An open hearth furnace has a large bed (E) lined with fire-brick and sand (H) on which the charge is…