"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge of the art, is evident from the instruments which they used." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian harp

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge…

The horn is a brass instrument consisting of about 12 feet (3.7 m) of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell. It is descended from the natural horn and is informally known as the French horn.

French Horn

The horn is a brass instrument consisting of about 12 feet (3.7 m) of tubing wrapped into a coil with…

"Kew Instruments arranged in the relative positions recommended by Lloyd so as magnetically to interfere with one another as little as possible. We are supposed to be viewing the whole from the south. No. 1 to the right is the declination instrument, No. 2 that for the horizontal force, and No. 3 in the distance behind the central pillar (No. 4) the vertical force magnetometer." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Kew Instruments

"Kew Instruments arranged in the relative positions recommended by Lloyd so as magnetically to interfere…

A piano keyboard.

Keyboard

A piano keyboard.

"This instrument was long, and curved at the end. From the similarity of form the original staff received the same appelation." — Anthon, 1891

Litmus

"This instrument was long, and curved at the end. From the similarity of form the original staff received…

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of the article "el" having been retained in the European languages for the initial of the name. The Arab instrument, with convex sound-body, pointing to the resonance board or membrane having been originally placed upon a gourd, was strung with silk and played with a plectrum of shell or quill. It was adopted by the Arabs from Persia." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Lute

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of…

"Greek lyres"

Greek lyres

"Greek lyres"

An illustration of a man playing a clarinet while sitting with sheep at his feet.

Man Playing Clarinet

An illustration of a man playing a clarinet while sitting with sheep at his feet.

A cartoon of a man playing a long trombone.

Man Playing Trombone

A cartoon of a man playing a long trombone.

An illustration of a man playing a violin while children were dancing.

Man Playing Violin with Children Dancing

An illustration of a man playing a violin while children were dancing.

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small wheel over the distance; now roll the wheel in an opposite direction along the graphical scale, noting the number of yards passed over. A map measurer is valuable for use in solving map problems in patrolling, advance guard, outpost, etc." — Moss, 1914

Map measurer

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small…

An illustration of three men playing string instruments, one playing the cello and two playing the violin.

Three Men Playing String Instruments

An illustration of three men playing string instruments, one playing the cello and two playing the violin.

An illustration of a clarinet mouthpiece and reed. The reed (b) is placed into the whole in the mouthpiece. The sound is produced by vibrating reed.

Clarinet Mouthpiece with Reed

An illustration of a clarinet mouthpiece and reed. The reed (b) is placed into the whole in the mouthpiece.…

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge of the art, is evident from the instruments which they used." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian musician

"That the Egyptians paid great attention to the study of music and had arrived at a very accurate knowledge…

An illustration of two men playing the organ.

Organ

An illustration of two men playing the organ.

An illustration of two men playing the organ.

Organ

An illustration of two men playing the organ.

An illustration of organ pipes.

Organ Pipe

An illustration of organ pipes.

An illustration of a fountain pen.

Fountain Pen

An illustration of a fountain pen.

A musical instrument, consisting of a series of wires of graduated length, thickness and tension, struck by hammers moved by keys.

Piano

A musical instrument, consisting of a series of wires of graduated length, thickness and tension, struck…

An illustration of a piano.

Piano

An illustration of a piano.

A moving jaw is spring urged, against a fixed jaw, o capture picks.

Lasting Pinchers

A moving jaw is spring urged, against a fixed jaw, o capture picks.

A primative musical instrument consisting of a graduated series of tubes of cane, wood, metal, or stone, closed at the lower end.

Pan Pipes

A primative musical instrument consisting of a graduated series of tubes of cane, wood, metal, or stone,…

"The Plagiaulos. Castellani Collection (Maenad Pipes), British Museum." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Plagiaulos

"The Plagiaulos. Castellani Collection (Maenad Pipes), British Museum." — The Encyclopedia Britannica,…

"A Rain Gauge is an instrument or contrivance for measuring the amount of rain which falls on a given surface."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Rain Gauge

"A Rain Gauge is an instrument or contrivance for measuring the amount of rain which falls on a given…

An old stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin, having properly three strings tuned in fifths , and played with a bow. It was of Arabian or Turkish origin and was introduced by the moors into Spain.

Rebec

An old stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin, having properly three strings tuned in fifths…

"A pipe of this nature fitted with a piece of glass so as to exhibit the reed (which is a "free reed") is shown in [the illustration]. Q is the wind-chest of the bellows, into which P is fitted. In the right-hand figure the upper part of the pope is removed, so as to show the reed more clearly. A plate of metal c c, has a slit but in it, in which the tongue I may just past. By means of a curved wire, r, projecting above the top of the pipe, and the play of the tongue may be controlled and the pipe tuned. The conical pipe, H, placed at the top, serves to increase the power of the sound". -Benson, 1891

Reed

"A pipe of this nature fitted with a piece of glass so as to exhibit the reed (which is a "free reed")…

An illustration of an oboe double reed. The cane is folded in half and shaped. The bottom is wrapped with wire and special string. This is then into a small cork. The top and bottom of the reed vibrates to produce sound.

Oboe Double Reed

An illustration of an oboe double reed. The cane is folded in half and shaped. The bottom is wrapped…

"The saxophone, a brass musical instrument invented by Adolphe Sax. It consists of a conical brass tube, curved forward and upwards at the bottom, and having a short section bent backwards at the top, upon which a mouthpiece and a reed resembling those of the clarinet are fitted." —Finley, 1917

Saxophone

"The saxophone, a brass musical instrument invented by Adolphe Sax. It consists of a conical brass tube,…

This image depicts a man playing guitar.

Serenade

This image depicts a man playing guitar.

The serpent is a bass wind instrument, curved to somewhat resemble a wriggling serpent.

Serpent

The serpent is a bass wind instrument, curved to somewhat resemble a wriggling serpent.

"Sextant. An important instrument of navigation and surveying, for measuring the angular distance of two stars or other objects, or the altitude of a star above the horizon..." a, handle; b, c, mirrors; d, ring; e, telescope; f, arm; g, reading-lens; h, arc; i, screw; j, tangent screw. -Whitney, 1911

Sextant

"Sextant. An important instrument of navigation and surveying, for measuring the angular distance of…

Scissors or shears for cutting cloth.

Shears

Scissors or shears for cutting cloth.

"The sistrum was an Egyptian instrument of music, used in certain ceremonies by that people, and especially in the worship of Isis." — Anthon, 1891

Sistrum

"The sistrum was an Egyptian instrument of music, used in certain ceremonies by that people, and especially…

A sacred instrument in ancient Egypt used in dances and religious ceremonies.

Sistrum

A sacred instrument in ancient Egypt used in dances and religious ceremonies.

"The spinet is a keyed musical instrument much in use from 1500 to 1760. It derived its name from the spines or crowquills which, attached to levers called jacks, plucked the string and produced the tone."—Finley, 1917

Spinet

"The spinet is a keyed musical instrument much in use from 1500 to 1760. It derived its name from the…

"Interior mechanism of a spinet. A, Jack; B, tongue; C, quill; D, bristle; E, cloth damper; F, pivot; G, wire."—Finley, 1917

Interior mechanism of a spinet

"Interior mechanism of a spinet. A, Jack; B, tongue; C, quill; D, bristle; E, cloth damper; F, pivot;…

"Syrinx, the Pan's pipe, or Pandean pipe, was the appropriate musical instrument of the Arcadian and other Grecian shepherds, and was regarded by them as the invention of Pan, their tutelary god. When the Roman poets had occasion to mention it, they called it fistula. It was formed in general of seven hollow stems of cane or reed, fitted together by means of wax, having been previously cut to the proper lengths, and adjusted so as to form an octave; but sometimes nine were admitted, giving an equal number of notes." &mdash Smith; 1873

Syrinx

"Syrinx, the Pan's pipe, or Pandean pipe, was the appropriate musical instrument of the Arcadian and…

"An instrument for the measurement of horizontal angles, consisting essentially of a telescope mounted so as to move on a pivot both horizontal and verticaly." — Williams, 1889

Theodolite

"An instrument for the measurement of horizontal angles, consisting essentially of a telescope mounted…

An illustration of a toddler playing a drum.

Toddler Playing Drum

An illustration of a toddler playing a drum.

"One of the most important of astronomical instruments, consists of a telescope fixed to a horizontal axis, so as to revolve in the plane of the meridian, and is employed, as its name denotes, in the observation of the meridian transits of the heavenly bodies. The axis, which is the most important part of the instrument, and thus demands the utmost care in its construction, consists of a hollow sphere or cube, to opposite sides of which are tightly fastened the bases of two cones in whose apices the pivots are screwed; the sphere or cube is pierced for the admission of the telescope, which is firmly soldered at right angles to the axis." — Chambers, 1881

Transit Instrument

"One of the most important of astronomical instruments, consists of a telescope fixed to a horizontal…

"The Trombone is a large, deep, and loud-toned instrument of the trumpet kind, the name being an augmentative of tromba, a trumpet. It consists of two tubes, so constructed that one may slide in and out of the other, and thus form one tube that can be lengthened at will and made of varying pitch. There are three kinds of trombones, called after their compass the alto, tenor, and bass trombones."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Tenor Trombone

"The Trombone is a large, deep, and loud-toned instrument of the trumpet kind, the name being an augmentative…

The viola may be considered a large violin tuned a fifth lower or as a small cello tuned an octave higher. It resembles the violin except the fingers of the left hand are spread apart more.

Viola

The viola may be considered a large violin tuned a fifth lower or as a small cello tuned an octave higher.…

A volt-meter in a circuit.

Volt meter

A volt-meter in a circuit.

"We may compare currents by the quantities of a given electrolyte which they decompose in a given time. Faraday's voltameter is intended for this purpose. As compared with a galvanometer, the voltameter has the obvious disadvantage that it cannot measure a current at once, but only after the current has been flowing for some time." -Hazeltine, 1894

Faraday's Voltameter

"We may compare currents by the quantities of a given electrolyte which they decompose in a given time.…

The instrument called the water-level illustrates the principle of equilibrium in vessels communicating with each other.

Water-level

The instrument called the water-level illustrates the principle of equilibrium in vessels communicating…

A wooden whistle.

Whistle

A wooden whistle.

The Wimshurst Machine is an electrostatic device to generate high voltages. "It consists of two circular glass plates, mounted on a common spindle, and capable of rotation in opposite directions with equal speeds. Each plate carries twelve or sixteen strips of thin sheet-metal, fixed radially at regular intervals apart ... At the extremities of the horizontal diameter of the plates the main conductors are placed, insulated on glass or vulcanite pillars." -Hazeltine, 1894

Wimshurst Machine

The Wimshurst Machine is an electrostatic device to generate high voltages. "It consists of two circular…

A sculpture of a woman with a lyre.

Statue of a Woman

A sculpture of a woman with a lyre.

"The instrument is supported on a strong tripod, fitted with levelling screws; to this tripod is fixed the azimuth circle and a long vertical steel axis. Fitting on this axis is a hollow axis which carries on its uper end a short transverse horizontal axis. This latter carries the telescope, which, supported at the center of its length, is free to rotate in a vertical plane. The telescope is thus mounted excentrically with respect to the vertical axis around which it revolves." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Zenith Telescope

"The instrument is supported on a strong tripod, fitted with levelling screws; to this tripod is fixed…

"Ancient Hebrew Zither." — Cooke, 1910

Zither

"Ancient Hebrew Zither." — Cooke, 1910