"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priest and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that is he: take him. And straightway he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Rabbi; and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, do that for which thou art come. Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. And behold, one of them that were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and smote the servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear." Matthew 26:47-51 ASV
<p>Illustration of Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss. To the right is a mob of people who came with Judas. To the left, Peter has drawn his sword to cut off the ear of Malchus, servant of Caiaphas, the high priest.

Judas Betrays Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane

"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords…

"And they arose before the morning on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month (which is the month of Casleu) in the hundred and forty-eighth year. And they offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of holocausts which they had made. According to the time, and according to the day wherein the heathens had defiled it, in the same was it dedicated anew with canticles, and harps, and lutes, and cymbals. And all the people fell upon their faces, and adored, and blessed up to heaven, him that had prospered them. And they kept the dedication of the altar eight days, and they offered holocausts with joy, and sacrifices of salvation, and of praise." 1 Maccabees 5:52-56 DRA
<p>Illustration of large crowd gathered to observe the rededication of the altar of holocausts.

Judas Machabeus Restores the Temple

"And they arose before the morning on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month (which is the month…

"And Apollonius gathered together the Gentiles, and a numerous and great army from Samaria, to make war against Israel. And Judas understood it, and went forth to meet him: and he overthrew him, and killed him: and many fell down slain, the rest fled away. And he took their spoils, and Judas took the sword of Apollonius, and fought with it all his lifetime." 1 Maccabees 3:10-12 DRA
<p>Illustration of Mathathias' son, Judas Machabeus, slaying Apollonius.

Judas Slays Apollonius

"And Apollonius gathered together the Gentiles, and a numerous and great army from Samaria, to make…

"And Judas said: Gird yourselves, and be valiant men, and be ready against the morning, that you may fight with these nations that are assembled against us to destroy us and our sanctuary. For it is better for us to die in battle, than to see the evils of our nation, and of the holies: Nevertheless as it shall be the will of God in heaven so be it done." 1 Maccabees 3:58-60 DRA
<p>Judas Machabeus rallies his troops for the coming battle against Gorgias.

Judas Speaks to His Army

"And Judas said: Gird yourselves, and be valiant men, and be ready against the morning, that you may…

Christ Taken Prisoner is a woodcut by German artist Albrecht Dürer in 1510. It is part of a series called the "Great Passion". It shows Jesus being taken by Roman soldiers after the betrayal of Judas. This woodcut was created by carving an image on a wooden block and rolling ink over that surface and then printing it on paper.

Christ Taken Prisoner

Christ Taken Prisoner is a woodcut by German artist Albrecht Dürer in 1510. It is part of a series…

"A shekel from the time of Judas Maccabaeus."&mdash;Finley, 1917

Shekel

"A shekel from the time of Judas Maccabaeus."—Finley, 1917