"One of the religious orders of Spanish knighthood, was founded as a military fraternity for the defense of Estremadura against the Moors. In 1197, Pope Celestine III. raised it to the rank of a religious order of knighthood; bestowed great privileges on it, and charged it with the defense of the Christian faith." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Alcantara

"One of the religious orders of Spanish knighthood, was founded as a military fraternity for the defense…

A knight wearing Allecret armor, which was typically worn by the Swiss in the 16th century.

Allecret Armor

A knight wearing Allecret armor, which was typically worn by the Swiss in the 16th century.

"One armed with the arbalist; a crossbowman; especially, a soldier carrying the arbalist of war."-Whitney, 1902

Arbalister

"One armed with the arbalist; a crossbowman; especially, a soldier carrying the arbalist of war."-Whitney,…

"Complete Armor of 1195-1205."-Whitney, 1902

Armor

"Complete Armor of 1195-1205."-Whitney, 1902

"Armor and Equipment for man and horse, about 1290."-Whitney, 1902

Armor

"Armor and Equipment for man and horse, about 1290."-Whitney, 1902

"Complete Armor, about 1395"-Whitney, 1902

Armor

"Complete Armor, about 1395"-Whitney, 1902

"Complete suit of Plate-Armor, now in Paris, date about 1440- the epoch of greatest perfection of defensive arms."-Whitney, 1902

Armor

"Complete suit of Plate-Armor, now in Paris, date about 1440- the epoch of greatest perfection of defensive…

Armor made by sewing rings of metal on a background of leather or cloth.

Ring Armor

Armor made by sewing rings of metal on a background of leather or cloth.

"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation of the order of Calatrava, and having, like it, for its object the subjection of the Moors." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Aviz

"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation…

"Order of the Bath, in heraldry, etc., an order of knighthood, so called because the recipients of the honor were required formerly to bathe the evening before their creation. It was instituted by Henry IV. in 1399, and, falling into disuse, was revived by George I. in 1725."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Badge, Order of Bath

"Order of the Bath, in heraldry, etc., an order of knighthood, so called because the recipients of the…

"The Helm of Baronet and Knights is of steel, garnished with silver, and standing affronté; the vizor is raised, and without bars."—Aveling, 1891

Helm of Baronet

"The Helm of Baronet and Knights is of steel, garnished with silver, and standing affronté; the…

"Brass Armor of Sir John de Creke." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Brass Armor

"Brass Armor of Sir John de Creke." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"Brass Armor of Sir John de Foxley." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Brass Armor

"Brass Armor of Sir John de Foxley." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"Brass Armor of Sir John Lisle at Thruxton." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Brass Armor

"Brass Armor of Sir John Lisle at Thruxton." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Shows setup of a chessboard.

Chess

Shows setup of a chessboard.

A board game and mental-skill game for two players.

Chess

A board game and mental-skill game for two players.

"The chivalry of the gothic nations began in the woods of Germany. No youth was then permitted to assume arms, at that time the geat privilege of the noble and the free, at his own pleasure. It was made a social rank, to which it was necessary that the aspiring candidates should be elected in the public councils of their rude commonwealth; and the emulated distinction was then solemnly conferred by the prince, or a kinsman, giving them a javelin and a shield. In these customs we see the origin of knighthood." — Goodrich, 1844

Chivalry and knight-errantry

"The chivalry of the gothic nations began in the woods of Germany. No youth was then permitted to assume…

The Knight, Death and the Devil is an engraving that was created by German artist Albrecht Dürer in 1513. It depict a knight that represents moral virtue who rides on his horse past death and the devil.

The Knight, Death and the Devil

The Knight, Death and the Devil is an engraving that was created by German artist Albrecht Dürer…

"In armor, ornamented with ridges, corrugations, and the like, which in some cases added also to the utility of the piece as giving greater strength. Suits of armor of the sixteenth century, both Italian and German, are often richly fluted." -Whitney, 1911

Fluted Dossière

"In armor, ornamented with ridges, corrugations, and the like, which in some cases added also to the…

An illustration of a dragon holding a knight and a horse in his claw.

Dragon Holding Knight & Horse in Claw

An illustration of a dragon holding a knight and a horse in his claw.

The shield of a knight of the time of Edward II. The lion's face is a common charge in heraldry.

Heraldic Shield with a Lion's Face

The shield of a knight of the time of Edward II. The lion's face is a common charge in heraldry.

A poster of facts and illustrations of the age of feudalism and chivalry.

Feudalism and Chivalry

A poster of facts and illustrations of the age of feudalism and chivalry.

A knight in full armor.

Full Armor

A knight in full armor.

"GARTER. The insignia of the most noble order of the knights of the garter. It is formed of blue velvet edged with gold wire, and lined with white satin; on the velvet is embroidered the motto of the order." -Hall, 1862

Garter

"GARTER. The insignia of the most noble order of the knights of the garter. It is formed of blue velvet…

The Gauntlet is a piece of protective armor for the hand, dating back to the 12th century. The first gauntlets were leather covered gloves with an unarticulated metal back. They evolved from the chain mail bag, which , in the 12th century, terminated at the sleeves of the hauberk. The gauntlet of the 14th century had separate, but unjointed fingers. This gauntlet was superseded by the 'mitten'.

Gauntlet

The Gauntlet is a piece of protective armor for the hand, dating back to the 12th century. The first…

Plate Gorget.

Gorget

Plate Gorget.

"The Great White Horse. By Albrect Dürer. From the engraving on copper." -Heath, 1901

The Great White Horse

"The Great White Horse. By Albrect Dürer. From the engraving on copper." -Heath, 1901

"The helmet without bars, with the beaver open, standing directly fronting the spectator, denotes a knight." -Hall, 1862

Open Helmet Direct

"The helmet without bars, with the beaver open, standing directly fronting the spectator, denotes a…

An illustration of a helmet with mesail in two parts.

Hemet with Mesail

An illustration of a helmet with mesail in two parts.

Knight's full-faced helmet of steel. Open visor.

Heraldry, Knight

Knight's full-faced helmet of steel. Open visor.

(1714-1774) A major general and knight.

Sir William Johnson

(1714-1774) A major general and knight.

A knight wearing a suit of armor, presented by the Emperor Maximillian to Henry VIII.

Knight

A knight wearing a suit of armor, presented by the Emperor Maximillian to Henry VIII.

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil." —D'Anvers, 1895

Knight

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil." —D'Anvers, 1895

A knight preparing to ride.

Knight

A knight preparing to ride.

An illustration of a knight holding a prisoner with one hand and a sword with the other.

Knight and Captive

An illustration of a knight holding a prisoner with one hand and a sword with the other.

An illustration of a knight battling a troll with swords.

Knight Battling Troll

An illustration of a knight battling a troll with swords.

An illustration of a knight sitting on a horse wearing a full suit of armor.

Knight in Full Armor

An illustration of a knight sitting on a horse wearing a full suit of armor.

"The armor and lance of a knight of 1550."—Gordy, 1912

Knight of 1550

"The armor and lance of a knight of 1550."—Gordy, 1912

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a lance.

Knight Riding Horse & Holding a Lance

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a lance.

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a javelin with a child holding onto the horse and knight.

Knight Riding Horse with a Child Holding onto Knight

An illustration of a knight riding a horse and holding a javelin with a child holding onto the horse…

"At the age of twenty-one the squire became a knight, being then introduced to the order of knighthood by a peculiar and impressive service."—Myers, 1905

Arming a Knight

"At the age of twenty-one the squire became a knight, being then introduced to the order of knighthood…

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil. By Albrecht Dürer. From the engraving on copper." -Heath, 1901

The Knight, Death, and the Devil

"The Knight, Death, and the Devil. By Albrecht Dürer. From the engraving on copper." -Heath, 1901

A ritual where a knight is stripped of his position due to discipline.

Degradation of a Knight

A ritual where a knight is stripped of his position due to discipline.

Heavily armored knights engaged in battle.

Knights Armor

Heavily armored knights engaged in battle.

An illustration of two knights jousting with lances, shields, and armor.

Two Knights Jousting with Lances

An illustration of two knights jousting with lances, shields, and armor.

An illustration of a man kneeling in front of another.

Man Kneeling in Front of Man

An illustration of a man kneeling in front of another.

A castle and different classes of people in Medieval Europe.

Middle Ages

A castle and different classes of people in Medieval Europe.

A poster with facts and images of France during the Middle Ages.

Middle Ages

A poster with facts and images of France during the Middle Ages.

"PENNONS. Small flags borne at the end of a lance of an esquire or gentleman bearing his paternal arms. The end of the pennon was cut off upon the person being created a knight banneret." -Hall, 1862

Pennons

"PENNONS. Small flags borne at the end of a lance of an esquire or gentleman bearing his paternal arms.…

From the book of stories by Oscar Wilde, The Selfish Giant is about a giant who closes his garden up so children do not play in it. Here, he realizes what he has done. His garden turned to winter when he closed it off from children.

The Selfish Giant

From the book of stories by Oscar Wilde, The Selfish Giant is about a giant who closes his garden up…

Sir Galahad from the painting by George Frederick Watts.

Sir Galahad

Sir Galahad from the painting by George Frederick Watts.

Portrait Sir Galahad detail from the painting by George Frederick Watts.

Sir Galahad

Portrait Sir Galahad detail from the painting by George Frederick Watts.

In feudal or medieval times a squire was a man-at-arms in the service of a knight, often as his apprentice. In later centuries, the term's meaning shifted. Squires are often known in current day as wealthy landowning people in rural England.

Squire

In feudal or medieval times a squire was a man-at-arms in the service of a knight, often as his apprentice.…

An illustration of a squire and his wife. In feudal or medieval times a squire was a man-at-arms in the service of a knight, often as his apprentice. In later centuries, the term's meaning shifted. Squires are often known in current day as wealthy landowning people in rural England.

Squire and Wife

An illustration of a squire and his wife. In feudal or medieval times a squire was a man-at-arms in…

An illustration of squire of a Knight of the Bath at the crowing of Charles II.

Squire of a Knight of the Bath

An illustration of squire of a Knight of the Bath at the crowing of Charles II.

"TURBAND. In coats of arms, where the knight was a Crusader, this figure often appears. It was the form of the sultan's turban at that period." -Hall, 1862

Turband

"TURBAND. In coats of arms, where the knight was a Crusader, this figure often appears. It was the form…

Two heavily armored knights on horseback shaking hands.

Two Knights

Two heavily armored knights on horseback shaking hands.

Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight, landowner, and patriot who is know for leading a resistance during the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Sir William Wallace

Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight, landowner, and patriot who is know for leading a resistance…

"The male figure is that of Sir John de Weston, of Weston-Lizars, in Staffordshire, and Isabel his wife, whose paternal name was Bromley. In three quarterfoils beneath the figures are shields: the first contains the arms of Weston, sable, and eagle displayed or, with a lable argent, fretty gules; the centre shield is argent, fretty gules; that under the lady is formed entirely of the colours of her arms disposed quarterly, and parted horizontally, or fessways, by the line dancette." -Hall, 1862

Weston Coat of Arms

"The male figure is that of Sir John de Weston, of Weston-Lizars, in Staffordshire, and Isabel his wife,…

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in Great Britain: several works followed, all, hoever, in the same rude manner." — Chambers, 1881

Wood Engraving

"A reduced copy of the 'Knight,' and is interesting as one of the first wood-engravings executed in…