"One of the religious orders of Spanish knighthood, was founded as a military fraternity for the defense of Estremadura against the Moors. In 1197, Pope Celestine III. raised it to the rank of a religious order of knighthood; bestowed great privileges on it, and charged it with the defense of the Christian faith." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Alcantara

"One of the religious orders of Spanish knighthood, was founded as a military fraternity for the defense…

"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation of the order of Calatrava, and having, like it, for its object the subjection of the Moors." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Aviz

"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation…

"Order of the Bath, in heraldry, etc., an order of knighthood, so called because the recipients of the honor were required formerly to bathe the evening before their creation. It was instituted by Henry IV. in 1399, and, falling into disuse, was revived by George I. in 1725."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Badge, Order of Bath

"Order of the Bath, in heraldry, etc., an order of knighthood, so called because the recipients of the…

Illustration of the French soldier called Chevalier de Bayard, sitting on a horse in full armor and holding a polearm. His visor is raised. Also called "The Good Kight", his given name was Pierre Terrail and he was known for being happy and kind. He was the ideal knight. The illustration includes a tree (left), on which hangs Bayard's shield. There is also a road and small town in the background.

Chevalier de Bayard on Horseback, a French Knight Named Pierre Terrail

Illustration of the French soldier called Chevalier de Bayard, sitting on a horse in full armor and…

A poster of facts and illustrations of the age of feudalism and chivalry.

Feudalism and Chivalry

A poster of facts and illustrations of the age of feudalism and chivalry.

"The Star is the badge, first ordered by Charles I. The rays are of silver or diamonds. The star is worn on the left breast."—Aveling, 1891

Star of the Order of the Garter

"The Star is the badge, first ordered by Charles I. The rays are of silver or diamonds. The star is…

The collar of the Order of the Garter. "Order of the Garter, the highest order of knighthood in Great Britain, consisting of the sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and twenty-four knights companions, and open, in addition, to such English princes and foreign sovereigns as may be chosen, and sometimes to extra companions chosen for special reasons, so that the whole order usually numbers about fifty." -Whitney, 1911

Order of the Garter Collar

The collar of the Order of the Garter. "Order of the Garter, the highest order of knighthood in Great…

The star of the Order of the Garter. "Order of the Garter, the highest order of knighthood in Great Britain, consisting of the sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and twenty-four knights companions, and open, in addition, to such English princes and foreign sovereigns as may be chosen, and sometimes to extra companions chosen for special reasons, so that the whole order usually numbers about fifty." -Whitney, 1911

Order of the Garter Star

The star of the Order of the Garter. "Order of the Garter, the highest order of knighthood in Great…