Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

Butterfly

Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

Butterfly

Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

Butterflies are found throughout most of the world.

Butterfly

Butterflies are found throughout most of the world.

Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

Butterfly

Unlike moths, butterflies have knobs at the tips of their antennae.

"The Apollo butterfly, <em>P. Apollo</em>, is found in the damp meadows of the high Alps; the wings are whitish, wth five black spots on each of the superior ones; on the inferior are two sparkling eye-like figures, bordered with black. It flies in June and July. Thus even wild mountain regions, as well as those of the florid tropics, are embellished by this beautiful family." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Apollo Butterfly

"The Apollo butterfly, P. Apollo, is found in the damp meadows of the high Alps; the wings…

Butterflies may usually be distinguished by the vertical position of their wings when they are at rest, and by their having the antennae slender and club-shaped at the end.

Berenice Butterfly

Butterflies may usually be distinguished by the vertical position of their wings when they are at rest,…

"The Galatea Butterfly, <em>P. Galatea</em>, A Euoprean species, called <em>The Half-Mourning Butterfly</em>, has the wings slightly denticulated; they are of a brownish-yellow, with the base and extremities black, and spotted with white." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Half-Mourning Butterfly

"The Galatea Butterfly, P. Galatea, A Euoprean species, called The Half-Mourning Butterfly,…

The adult or imago butterfly.

Imago Butterfly

The adult or imago butterfly.

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, egg

Monarch Butterfly

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, egg

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, larva

Monarch Butterfly

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, larva

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, pupa

Monarch Butterfly

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, pupa

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, adult

Monarch Butterfly

Metamorphosis of the monarch butterfly, adult

"The Peacock-butterfly, <em>V. Io</em>, has the edges of the wings denticulated; above they are of a reddish-fawn, with a large eye-spot on each; those on the superior wings are red, encircled, with mingled black and yellow; those o nthe inferior ones are blue, with a black circle. It is a splendid European species, inhabiting woods, meadows, and gardens in October." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Peacock Butterfly

"The Peacock-butterfly, V. Io, has the edges of the wings denticulated; above they are of a…

"The Priam butterfly, <em>Papilio priamus</em>, is a native of the Eastern Archipelago; its wings are from seven to eight inches in extent, and are colored with rich green and deep black." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Priam Butterfly

"The Priam butterfly, Papilio priamus, is a native of the Eastern Archipelago; its wings are…

"The Sybil Butterfly, <em>P. Sybilla</em>, sometimes called the <em>Mourning Butterfly</em>, is a common European species, flying in the dog-days, the upper part of the wings of a brownish-black, with a white band across the middle; beneath they are of an ashy-blue, with black spots." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sybil Butterfly

"The Sybil Butterfly, P. Sybilla, sometimes called the Mourning Butterfly, is a common…

Butterflies may Usually be distinguished by the vertical position of their wings when they are at rest, and by their having the antennae slender and club-shaped at the end.

Troilus Butterfly

Butterflies may Usually be distinguished by the vertical position of their wings when they are at rest,…

"The Troilus Butterfly, <em>Papilio Troilus</em>, is a superb insect, the wings denticulated, black, spotted with yellow, and terminated by a swallow-tail. It lives on spice-wood and sassafras-trees; is rare in the Northern States; common in the Southern, and in the West Indies." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Troilus Butterfly

"The Troilus Butterfly, Papilio Troilus, is a superb insect, the wings denticulated, black,…

The larva or caterpillar of the butterfly.

Caterpillar

The larva or caterpillar of the butterfly.

"If the guide stops a moment all the followers halt; if he continues the route, they all hasten after him; if he makes a circuit, they all make the circuit also. Should they find a branch of fresh green leaves, they immediately prepare to feast upon it; the ranks spread themselves upon it, each one touching his neighbor, so that not a part of the branch escapes their depridations." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Processionary Caterpillars

"If the guide stops a moment all the followers halt; if he continues the route, they all hasten after…

"If the guide stops a moment all the followers halt; if he continues the route, they all hasten after him; if he makes a circuit, they all make the circuit also. Should they find a branch of fresh green leaves, they immediately prepare to feast upon it; the ranks spread themselves upon it, each one touching his neighbor, so that not a part of the branch escapes their depridations." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Processionary Caterpillars

"If the guide stops a moment all the followers halt; if he continues the route, they all hasten after…

The pupa or chrysalis of the butterfly.

Chrysalis

The pupa or chrysalis of the butterfly.

Typical forms of Chrysalis, the pupae of many Lepidoptera, an order of insects that includes moths and butterflies.

Chrysalis

Typical forms of Chrysalis, the pupae of many Lepidoptera, an order of insects that includes moths and…

"The European <em>Fidonia Plumistaria</em>, is distinguised by its curious feathery antennae." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Fidonia Plumistaria

"The European Fidonia Plumistaria, is distinguised by its curious feathery antennae." —…

Grubs are hatchlings of butterflies.

Grub

Grubs are hatchlings of butterflies.

"This term is derived from the Greek <em>lepis</em>, a scale, and <em>ptera</em>, wings, and refers to the scales on the wings of moths and butterflies, those insects constituting the order." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Lepidoptera

"This term is derived from the Greek lepis, a scale, and ptera, wings, and refers…

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for their unusual life cycle with a larval caterpillar stage, an inactive pupal stage, and a spectacular metamorphosis into a familiar and colourful winged adult form. A monarch butterfly is is a milkweed butterfly, perhaps the best known of all North American butterflies.

Metamorphosis of a Monarch Butterfly

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for…

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for their unusual life cycle with a larval caterpillar stage, an inactive pupal stage, and a spectacular metamorphosis into a familiar and colourful winged adult form. A monarch butterfly is is a milkweed butterfly, perhaps the best known of all North American butterflies. The body of the crawling worm-like larva is greenish yellow in color, with broad bands of shining black.

Metamorphosis of a Monarch Butterfly

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for…

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for their unusual life cycle with a larval caterpillar stage, an inactive pupal stage, and a spectacular metamorphosis into a familiar and colourful winged adult form. This the egg of a Monarch butterfly.

Metamorphosis of a Monarch Butterfly

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for…

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for their unusual life cycle with a larval caterpillar stage, an inactive pupal stage, and a spectacular metamorphosis into a familiar and colourful winged adult form. This the pupa of a Monarch butterfly.

Metamorphosis of a Monarch Butterfly

A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. Like all Lepidoptera, butterflies are notable for…

Moths have generally shorter , hairier bodies than butterflies.

Moth

Moths have generally shorter , hairier bodies than butterflies.

Metamorphosis of a moth.

Moth

Metamorphosis of a moth.

The males of the common cankerworm moth have four wings.

Cankerworm Moth

The males of the common cankerworm moth have four wings.

The females of the common cankerworm moth are wingless.

Cankerworm Moth

The females of the common cankerworm moth are wingless.

"The Cecropia Moth, <em>A. Cecropia</em>, is of a dusky reddish-brown; the wings expand six inches, and are handsomely variegated. The caterpillar is of a light green color and is found on various fruit trees." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Cecropia Moth

"The Cecropia Moth, A. Cecropia, is of a dusky reddish-brown; the wings expand six inches,…

"The most remarkable species is the Death's Head Moth, <em>Acherontia</em> Atropos</em>, a large kind, variegated with dark brown and yellow, bearing upon the back of the thorax a deep orange mark, presenting no inconsiderable resemblence to the front of a human skull." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Death's Head Moth

"The most remarkable species is the Death's Head Moth, Acherontia Atropos, a large kind,…

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it is extracting the nectar by means of its long sucking tube.

Hawk Moth

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it…

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it is extracting the nectar by means of its long sucking tube. This is a larva.

Hawk Moth

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it…

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it is extracting the nectar by means of its long sucking tube. This is a pupa.

Hawk Moth

The hawk moth is well known by its habit of poising like a humming bird over the flower from which it…

"A considerable number of insects belonging to Sphingina have transparents wings. Among them is the humming-bird moth, <em>Sesia pelasgus</em>, often seen at evening in our gardens during the moths of June and July hovering like a humming-bird over the flowers and sucking their nectar with its long tube." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Hummingbird Moth

"A considerable number of insects belonging to Sphingina have transparents wings. Among them is the…

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth, <em>attacus luna</em> a large and beautiful species, common in the Northern United States. The wings, which are drawn out into what appears like a long tail, are of a light yellowish-green color, marked with eye-spots near the middle. The expanse of the wings is four inches. The caterpilar lives on walnut-trees, and spins a cocoon of which silk might be made. Many of these cocoons may be picked up on the ground, in autumn or spring, beneath the trees frequented by these insect."  &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Luna Moth

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth,…

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth, <em>attacus luna</em> a large and beautiful species, common in the Northern United States. The wings, which are drawn out into what appears like a long tail, are of a light yellowish-green color, marked with eye-spots near the middle. The expanse of the wings is four inches. The caterpilar lives on walnut-trees, and spins a cocoon of which silk might be made. Many of these cocoons may be picked up on the ground, in autumn or spring, beneath the trees frequented by these insect."  &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Caterpillar of the Luna Moth

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth,…

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth, <em>attacus luna</em> a large and beautiful species, common in the Northern United States. The wings, which are drawn out into what appears like a long tail, are of a light yellowish-green color, marked with eye-spots near the middle. The expanse of the wings is four inches. The caterpilar lives on walnut-trees, and spins a cocoon of which silk might be made. Many of these cocoons may be picked up on the ground, in autumn or spring, beneath the trees frequented by these insect."  &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Chrysalis of the Luna Moth

"Among the larger and more splendid moths of our own country is the Luna Moth, or Green Emperor Moth,…

An illustration of a sugar-maple moth. A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly, both being of the order Lepidoptera. The differences between butterflies and moths are more than just taxonomy.

Sugar-Maple Moth

An illustration of a sugar-maple moth. A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly, both being…

In this latter series the fore-wings are much more pointed than in the other, and the body is proportionately more robust

Pamphila Ethlius

In this latter series the fore-wings are much more pointed than in the other, and the body is proportionately…

The Puss Moth (Cerura vinula) is a lepidoptera from the family Notodontidae. The puss moth is stinging caterpillar, Megalopyge opercularis, commonly called an asp. This is one of the most toxic caterpillars in North America. The mature larva is 1 to 1&frac12; inches long with seven pairs of prolegs (suction-cup like claspers on the rear of the body). This larva of the puss moth shows as it appears when undisturbed.

Puss Moth

The Puss Moth (Cerura vinula) is a lepidoptera from the family Notodontidae. The puss moth is stinging…

The Puss Moth (Cerura vinula) is a lepidoptera from the family Notodontidae. The puss moth is stinging caterpillar, Megalopyge opercularis, commonly called an asp. This is one of the most toxic caterpillars in North America. The mature larva is 1 to 1&frac12; inches long with seven pairs of prolegs (suction-cup like claspers on the rear of the body). This larva of the puss moth shows as it appears when disturbed and ready to sting. Intense, throbbing pain develops almost immediately witnin contact with the caterpillar.

Puss Moth

The Puss Moth (Cerura vinula) is a lepidoptera from the family Notodontidae. The puss moth is stinging…

"This important insect is a native of the north of China; and a great portion of the supplies of silk for Europe and America are still derived from that country." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Silkworm Moth, Caterpillar, and Chrysalis

"This important insect is a native of the north of China; and a great portion of the supplies of silk…

"The Lime-tree sphinx, <em>Sphinx tiliae</em>, has the wings denticulated and angular; it is nocturnal, and flies heavily." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Lime-tree sphinx

"The Lime-tree sphinx, Sphinx tiliae, has the wings denticulated and angular; it is nocturnal,…

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe themselves at our expense in the warmest woollen garments, which they traverse in all directions, leaving behind a gnawed and worn-out path, so thin and bare as to yield to the slightest pressure. They also destroy furs, hair, feathers, and many other articles of domestic economy, and are the exterminating pests of zoological museums. To them we no doubt owe the destruction of the most perfect specimen of the Dodo known, which was once preserved in the Ashmolean Museum of Oxford." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britanica; 1893

Tineina

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe…

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe themselves at our expense in the warmest woollen garments, which they traverse in all directions, leaving behind a gnawed and worn-out path, so thin and bare as to yield to the slightest pressure. They also destroy furs, hair, feathers, and many other articles of domestic economy, and are the exterminating pests of zoological museums. To them we no doubt owe the destruction of the most perfect specimen of the Dodo known, which was once preserved in the Ashmolean Museum of Oxford." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britanica; 1893

Tineina

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe…

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe themselves at our expense in the warmest woollen garments, which they traverse in all directions, leaving behind a gnawed and worn-out path, so thin and bare as to yield to the slightest pressure. They also destroy furs, hair, feathers, and many other articles of domestic economy, and are the exterminating pests of zoological museums. To them we no doubt owe the destruction of the most perfect specimen of the Dodo known, which was once preserved in the Ashmolean Museum of Oxford." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britanica; 1893

Tineina

"The Tineina contain the smallest of the Lepidoptera, and are best known as clothes moths. These clothe…

"The Zigzag, <em>Bombyx dispar</em>, has a short trunk or tube, not suited for suction; the male is much smaller than the female; his superior wings being bown with black zigzag figures. The female is whitish with black spots on her wings. This is a European species which sometimes does immense damage to the fruit-trees." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Zigzag

"The Zigzag, Bombyx dispar, has a short trunk or tube, not suited for suction; the male is…