"Laying the Atlantic Cable. In 1866, a previous attempt in 1858 having failed, a telegraphic cable was laid upon the bed of the Atlantic between America and Europe. This cable was followed by others; but a closer connection between the United States and the Old World than any effected by the telegraph is formed by the constant passage back and forth of people. With the close of the war, immigration, which had suffered a check, increased rapidly. From 1871 to 1880 nearly three millions, and from 1881 to 1890, more than five millions, of people migrated to the United States. During the present decade, up to 1897, three millions of immigrants have swelled the population of the century. From 1789 to 1894, a period of one hundred and five years, the United States has absorbed an alien population of about eighteen millions."—Scudder, 1897

Atlantic Cable

"Laying the Atlantic Cable. In 1866, a previous attempt in 1858 having failed, a telegraphic cable was…

Cover of pamphlet on the Burns case.

Burns Case

Cover of pamphlet on the Burns case.

A machine for taking by pressure, an exact copy of any manuscript recently written.

Copying-press

A machine for taking by pressure, an exact copy of any manuscript recently written.

Benjamin Franklin's printing press.

Franklin's Press

Benjamin Franklin's printing press.

The press room of a modern newspaper.

Press room of a modern newspaper

The press room of a modern newspaper.

George Clymer improved upon Gutenberg's press by making it out of iron therefore reducing the force required.

Columbian Press

George Clymer improved upon Gutenberg's press by making it out of iron therefore reducing the force…

"Double cylinder press, 1835-1900. These presses were built up to 1900 and this picture shows the latest design brought out about 1882." -Hill, 1921

Double Cylinder Press

"Double cylinder press, 1835-1900. These presses were built up to 1900 and this picture shows the latest…

"Single large cylinder press, 1832-1900." -Hill, 1921

Single Large Cylinder Press

"Single large cylinder press, 1832-1900." -Hill, 1921

"Single small cylinder press, 1835-1900." -Hill, 1921

Single Small Cylinder Press

"Single small cylinder press, 1835-1900." -Hill, 1921

The hand printing press was invented by Peter Smith and manufactured by Robert Hoe in 1822.

Hand Press

The hand printing press was invented by Peter Smith and manufactured by Robert Hoe in 1822.

"Isaac Adam's bed and platen press, 1830." -Hill, 1921

Adams' Platen Printing Press

"Isaac Adam's bed and platen press, 1830." -Hill, 1921

"Treadwell's wooden-frame bed and platen power press, 1822." -Hill, 1921

Treadwell's Platen Printing Press

"Treadwell's wooden-frame bed and platen power press, 1822." -Hill, 1921

This printing press used a rotating roller to apply ink on the chosen surface.

Printing Press

This printing press used a rotating roller to apply ink on the chosen surface.

Charles Stanhope improved upon Gutenberg's press by making it out of cast iron therefore reducing the force required and increasing the printed area.

Stanhope Press

Charles Stanhope improved upon Gutenberg's press by making it out of cast iron therefore reducing the…

A press for printing books, newspapers, handbills, and the like.

Printing-press

A press for printing books, newspapers, handbills, and the like.

An illustration of a woman wearing a sign and ringing a bell.

Woman with Sign

An illustration of a woman wearing a sign and ringing a bell.