Water heating is a thermodynamic process using an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature. Typical domestic uses of hot water are for cooking, cleaning, bathing, and space heating. In industry, both hot water and water heated to steam have many uses.

Rotary Water Heater

Water heating is a thermodynamic process using an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature.…

"'Fresh Bread!'- Impromptu oven built by the Nineteenth Regiment, New York Volunteers, in General Banks's division, Western Maryland. The impromptu oven which we illustrate testified to the Federal cleverness, and ministered to the wants of the brave defenders of the Union. The regiment undoubtedly contained men whose means gave them every epicurean indulgence; but we question if any French bread, fresh butter, with all the appliances of Delmonico, ever tasted so sweet as the newly baked bread they got from the primitive oven." — Frank Leslie, 1896

Oven

"'Fresh Bread!'- Impromptu oven built by the Nineteenth Regiment, New York Volunteers, in General Banks's…

An illustration of an oven.

Oven

An illustration of an oven.

The horneo oven-bird, which builds its nest out of clay, straw, and dried vegetation.

Hornero Ovenbird

The horneo oven-bird, which builds its nest out of clay, straw, and dried vegetation.

Radiators are heat exchangers used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for the purpose of cooling and heating. The majority of radiators are constructed to function in automobiles, buildings, and electronics.

Heat Exchanging Radiator

Radiators are heat exchangers used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for the purpose…

A box or case of hard potery in which porcelain and othe delicate ceramic wares are inclosed for baking.

Saggars

A box or case of hard potery in which porcelain and othe delicate ceramic wares are inclosed for baking.

A stove is an enclosed heated space. The term is commonly taken to mean an enclosed space in which fuel is burned to provide heating, either to heat the space in which the stove is situated or to heat the stove itself, and items placed on it. This article is principally concerned with enclosed stoves burning solid fuels for room heating.

18th Century Stovetop

A stove is an enclosed heated space. The term is commonly taken to mean an enclosed space in which fuel…