Engraving by W.C. Wrankmore after Pierre-Paul Prud'hon's Christ on the Cross, 1823.

Christ on the Cross, Pierre-Paul Prud'hon

Engraving by W.C. Wrankmore after Pierre-Paul Prud'hon's Christ on the Cross, 1823.

Illustration of Jesus carrying his cross from the 1853 title page of a German Bible.

Jesus Carrying His Cross

Illustration of Jesus carrying his cross from the 1853 title page of a German Bible.

" And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. And they offered him wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. And they crucify him, and part his garments among them, casting lots upon them, what each should take. And it was the third hour, and they crucified him." Mark 15:22-25 ASV
<p>Illustration of men nailing Jesus to the cross. One man holds a ladder. Another man is on horseback.

Jesus Nailed to the Cross

" And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. And…

"And Pilate, wishing to content the multitude, released unto them Barabbas, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified." Mark 15:15
<p>Illustration of Jesus bound to a post and scourged by three men prior to his crucifixion.

Jesus Scourged before Crucifixion

"And Pilate, wishing to content the multitude, released unto them Barabbas, and delivered Jesus, when…

" And when even was come, there came a rich man from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: this man went to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded it to be given up. And Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed." Matthew 27:57-60 ASV
<p>Joseph of Arimathaea (left) requests the body of Jesus from Pilate seated at right.

Joseph of Arimathaea Asks for the Body of Jesus

" And when even was come, there came a rich man from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was…

"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priest and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that is he: take him. And straightway he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Rabbi; and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, do that for which thou art come. Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. And behold, one of them that were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and smote the servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear." Matthew 26:47-51 ASV
<p>Illustration of Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss. To the right is a mob of people who came with Judas. To the left, Peter has drawn his sword to cut off the ear of Malchus, servant of Caiaphas, the high priest.

Judas Betrays Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane

"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords…

"So when Pilate saw that he prevailed nothing, but rather that a tumult was arising, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous man; see ye to it. And all the people answered and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. Then released he unto them Barabbas; but Jesus he scourged and delivered to be crucified." Matthew 27:24-26 ASV
<p>Three men scourge Jesus who is tied to a column. Pontius Pilate sits at left. Others look on from the shadows.

Scourging of Jesus

"So when Pilate saw that he prevailed nothing, but rather that a tumult was arising, he took water,…